:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014) ::
scds 2014, 2(4): 51-74 Back to browse issues page
The Mother's Employment and Human CapitalAchievementby Adolescents Aged 15 To 19 Years in Urban Areas of Iran
Abstract:   (13664 Views)
The family as a social institution has experienced dramatic changes during recent decades. These changes had influential effects on the situation of the members, especially children, within the family. Using the data from the “Time Use Survey”, conducted in urban areas in 2008 and2009, this paper aims to analyze the effect of the mother's employment on the achievement of human capital by children aged 15-19 years. Findings showed that children of employed mothers spend more time in human capital achievement activates than the others. This is in consistent withpreviousstudies. It reflects the fact that the income generated from the employment is invested in children'shuman capital.Further analysesclarified thatthe effect of the mother's employment ties with the effect of her level of education. Most employed motherswere highly educated as well. The combination of the employment and the education showed to have stronger effect on the human capital achievement. The positive effects of the mother's occupational rank, and hours spent on paid-work also revealed the positive effect of income on children's human capital achievement.
Keywords: Human Capital, Mother's Employment, Mother's Education, Children, The Family, Urban Areas, Iran, Time Use Survey.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2013/09/29 | Accepted: 2014/01/21 | Published: 2014/05/20

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Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014) Back to browse issues page