:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (5-2023) ::
scds 2023, 11(4): 65-87 Back to browse issues page
Qualitative study of early marriage of women in Ahvaz city
Shamsi Pourabasi , Jafar Kordzanganeg , Mansoor Sharifi
Assistant Professor of Demography, Department of Social Sciences, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (269 Views)
 Early marriage, which is known as a global problem, is still widely practiced in Khuzestan province and Ahvaz city. This qualitative study aims to discover and interpret the formation of early marriage from the point of view of married girls and has been conducted with a descriptive-interpretive phenomenological approach. The participants in the research have been selected by purposive sampling method and are interviewed in-depth using open-ended questions, and the information has been saturated with 22 participants. The data obtained after each interview has been analyzed with Smith's (1997) thematic model. Descriptive information obtained from the interview using the researcher's observations and notes and constant comparisons obtained 34 primary concepts, 11 sub-categories and 4 main categories. The findings show that four groups of contexts play a role in the formation of early marriage of women in Ahvaz city, which are: cultural contexts (belief in the effectiveness of early marriage, traditions of patriarchy and family marriage, and lifestyle in accordance with the conditions), social contexts (confirmation by marriage, expedient marriage and freedom from family problems), economic conditions (financial facilities for the marriage process,motivation to finance and freedom from financial problems) and personal factors (misconceptions about joint life and negligence and neglect of responsibilities)  cohabitation). As a result of early marriage of women in Ahvaz city, it is mainly rooted in cultural and social contexts, then economic conditions and personal factors.
Keywords: Ahvaz city, Early marriage grounds, Cultural-Economic and Social contexts, Phenomenological study, Women
Full-Text [PDF 1517 kb]   (83 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/02/5 | Accepted: 2023/05/21 | Published: 2024/03/19
1. احمدی، علی یار (1383) «بررسی تأثیر ازدواج زودهنگام بر ترک تحصیل زنان نوجوان در ایران با رویکرد چند سطحی»، دومین همایش انجمن جمعیت شناسی ایران، شیراز، شماره 2، شناسه ملی مقاله .PSRC02-002
2. سالنامۀ آماری سازمان ثبت احوال (1400-1390).
3. حاجیلو، فتانه؛ آقایاری، توکل و فریده علیپور (1400) «علل زمینه ساز کودک همسری (مطالعۀ موردی زنان دارای تجربه زیستۀ مراجعه کننده به مرکز بهداشتی شهر تبریز)»، زن و جامعه، شمارۀ 14: 116-103.
4. حسینی فر، مریم السادات و زهرا اکبری (1398) «بررسی پیامدهای اجتماعی زود هنگام بر روند آموزش دختران»، پژوهش در آموزش مطالعات اجتماعی، دورۀ 1، شمارۀ 2: 146-123.
5. فرهمند، مهناز؛ دانافر، فاطمه و محبوبه پورابراهیم (1399) «واکاوی تجارب زناشویی کودک همسری: در هم آمیختگی عاطفی-فکری و بی قدرتی»، پژوهش های جامعه‌شناسی معاصر، شمارۀ 17: 115 تا 145.
6. صدیق اورعی، غلامرضا (1386) مسائل اجتماعی جوانان، تهران: جهاد دانشگاهی.
7. کمالی،افسانه؛ سفیری، خدیجه و عهدیه اسدپور (1400) «پیامدهای ازدواج دختران در دوران کودکی»، مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی، دورۀ 10، شمارۀ 2: 110-81.
8. گود، ویلیام (1352) خانواده و جامعه، ترجمۀ ویدا ناصحی، تهران: بنگاه ترجمه و نشر کتاب.
9. Amzat, J. (2020) «Examining the role of religious leaders in advancing the movement of teenage girls regarding timing of marriage in Kaduna». The Nigerian Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, pp: 1-16.
10. Flick, U. (2014) An Introduction to Qualitative Research. 5th Edition, London: Sage Publications,
11. ICRW) 2007) «New Insights on Preventing Child Marriage: A Global Analysis of Factors and Programs». 1st Edn. , U.S: International Center for Research on Women
12. Lowe, M. & et al. (2020) «Investigating and preparing a picture of background factors affecting early marriage in the rural communities of the Gambia». F1000Research, 8:1949 Last updated: 31 MAR 2022. [DOI:10.12688/f1000research.21076.3]
13. Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985) Naturalistic Inquiry, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. [DOI:10.1016/0147-1767(85)90062-8]
14. Madut, K. (2020) «Investigating socio-economic factors affecting child marriage and gender relations in South Sudan after Sudan's independence», Journal of Global Economy, 3(147): 1-6.
15. Montazeri S, Gharacheh M, Mohammadi N, Alaghband Rad J, Eftekhar Ardabili H) 2016 ( «Determinants of Early Marriage from Married Girls' Perspectives in Iranian Setting: A Qualitative Study», J Environ Public Health :8615929. [DOI:10.1155/2016/8615929]
16. Novilla MLB, Barnes MD, Natalie G, et al. (2006) «Public health perspectives on the family: an ecological approach to promoting health in the family and community», Family & Community Health; 29:28-42. [DOI:10.1097/00003727-200601000-00005]
17. Pinto, P. (2019) «In the article on the effect of marriage and poverty on the prevalence of early marriages: An analysis at the regional level in India», Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 27(1): 93-105. [DOI:10.1080/09688080.2019.1571304]
18. Pinto, P. (2019) «Investigating the effect of marriage and poverty on the prevalence of early marriages: An analysis at the regional level in India», Population and Development Review, 43(1): 7-29.
19. Smith, J.A., Flowers, P. and Osborn, M. (1997) «Interpretative phenomenological analysis and health psychology», in L. Yardley (ed.), Material Discourses and Health. London: Routledge, pp. 68-91.
20. UNICEF (2014(Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse. United Nations Children's Fund.
21. UNICEF) 2019(Child marriage around the world. United Nations Children's Fund.
22. Ynis Said, A. (2019) «Causes and Effects OF Early Marriage among Girls IN MVITA Sub-County, MOMBASA County», Thesis of M.A, University of Nairobi Research Archive.

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 4 (5-2023) Back to browse issues page