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Showing 3 results for Tendency

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Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)

This study examines factors influencing tendencies to hijab between citizens of Gorgan. In this context, the authors seek to answer the question, what is the tendency of the hijab between citizens of Gorgan and what factors affect it? Due to this question in the context of this study, several hypotheses have been formed and different theories have been used in the veiling, to explain it. The main ideas in this section are used, the ideas in the framework of economic, social, demographic, cultural etc are raised. To collect data for this study a questionnaire was used. The study sample consisted of 626 citizens of Gorgan and sampling method is random. Results based on questionnaire data show cultural, social, familial, personal, and economic factors sorted by importance, have positively significant correlation with the tendency to hijab, and among the seven underlying variables, age, income, integrity and consumption of media sort by importance, has significant positive or negative correlation with the tendency to hijab. So, the integrity and age have positive correlation, and consumption of media and income have negative correlation and underlying variables of trust, social class, and education has no significant correlation with the tendency to hijab. 

Dr Zohreh Gharibian, Professor Abdolvahed Shemalov, Dr. Gholamreza Khoshfar,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)

With purpose of determining tendency difference towards national identity based on belonging to ethnic minorities, the research tries to answer following question: is national identity tends to be based on different ethnic groups? The research is a descriptive – survey research. Statistical population consists of all students studying in Azad and State Universities in center of Golestan Province. According to the latest statistics, their number was 83110 persons. Cochran formula was used to determine sample volume. After removing incomplete questionnaire, obtained data from 430 participants were analyzed. Under – studied statistical sample was selected using random stratified sampling method. Needed data was collected using researcher – made questionnaire. Validity of tools was measured using nominal validity method and its reliability was calculated using Cronbachchr('39') Alpha which consist of 785/0respectively. Data analysis was conducted in two inferential and descriptive levels. The results indicate that behavioral dimension of national identity in students is higher than other dimensions (cognitive and emotional dimensions), but average indicator indicate that totally studentschr('39') tendency towards national identity is in high level (4.118 of 5). Comparing ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity indicated that there is not a significant difference between ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity. Trivial differences show that Kurdish students have the maximum tendency, while Lor students have the minimum one, after Kurds, Turks and Turkmen. Persians are ranked in fifth rating and Sistanichr('39')s are placed close to Persians as a lingual group. Ranking studentschr('39') tendency in terms of study field indicated that there is a significant difference in this regard, so that the student studying in the fields of technical and engineering and then basic sciences have the maximum tendency, while the students in the fields of medical sciences and agricultural sciences are placed in last ratings.

Mrs Saeedeh Hajali, Dr Mohammad Seyedmirzaie, Dr Mohammad Sadegh Mahdavi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the tendency toward fertility and its social and cultural factors. Fertility and tendency to it are a multifaceted variable that is studied in various sciences. In this research, sociological dimension has been addressed. The dependent variable is a tendency to fertility and independent variables are divided into two parts: social variables (womenchr('39')s education and employment) and cultural variables (gender preference and gender equality). The statistical population of married women aged 20-44 is Tehran. The sample size is 384. The research method is scrolling.In the theoretical framework, the modernization theory, the McDonaldchr('39')s gender equality and the cultural rationality, and cultural evolution and cultural environment   have been used. And data analysis is done using spss software. Spearman correlation and regression and path analysis were used. The results showed that there is a significant statistical relationship between social variables such as education and employment of women and cultural variables such as gender equality and gender preferences and fertility tendency, and in the results Regression showed that education was 15.3%, and female employment was 12.8 and gender preference was 11.5 of changes in fertility tendency.  

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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