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Showing 2 results for Gheisarian

Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.


Dr Manoochehr Reshadi, Dr Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (10-2022)
Abstract

Delay in marriage age is one of the phenomena occurring after modernity. Many young people are facing a delay in marriage due to various reasons. The main goal of the current research is to discover the meaning and reasons of increase in the age and delay in marriage among the youth of Ilam province. In the methodological part, qualitative methodology and theoretical strategy have been applied. 24 young people have been selected purposefully. In the initial coding, 115 initial concepts were obtained, which were removed by screening the codes that were duplicated, finally, 80 codes and initial concepts were obtained, and further classified into 22 categories. Results show that economic status, pursuit of idealism, continuing education, reluctance to marriage, selection criteria and personal injuries (causal conditions), customs, being a family helper, way of communicating with others, lack of preparation and lack of trust in others (intervening conditions), living environment, lack of marriage institution, family structure and fear of others' experience (background conditions), fun activities, pleasure taken away from life and communicating with the opposite sex (paths), inappropriate mental and psychological characteristics, being unplanned, not delaying the age of marriage (consequences). The involuntary delay in marriage age is the core of the present study.


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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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