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Showing 5 results for Children

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Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)

The family as a social institution has experienced dramatic changes during recent decades. These changes had influential effects on the situation of the members, especially children, within the family. Using the data from the “Time Use Survey”, conducted in urban areas in 2008 and2009, this paper aims to analyze the effect of the mother's employment on the achievement of human capital by children aged 15-19 years. Findings showed that children of employed mothers spend more time in human capital achievement activates than the others. This is in consistent withpreviousstudies. It reflects the fact that the income generated from the employment is invested in children'shuman capital.Further analysesclarified thatthe effect of the mother's employment ties with the effect of her level of education. Most employed motherswere highly educated as well. The combination of the employment and the education showed to have stronger effect on the human capital achievement. The positive effects of the mother's occupational rank, and hours spent on paid-work also revealed the positive effect of income on children's human capital achievement.
Ali Shakoori,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)

Street labor children have been a new emerging phenomenon as well as a main concern about modern society. Due to the vulnerability of these children, and inability of governments to tackle their mounting problems, an increasing involvement of NGOs in helping these children have recently emerged. Having believed that the best way to deal with the issue of street children is to empower them so that they can live normally, this paper aims to study the role of NGOs in the empowerment of street labor children in Tehran through using a field research method. For this purpose, three dimensions of empowerment, including education, living skills and health were chosen for the study. It was assumed that NGOs initiatives affect the difficult states of the children positively through following both NGOs initiatives and the children socio-economic background. Findings indicated that most of the respondents believed that NGOs activities have had considerable effect on changing wretched conditions of the children. Moreover, the analysis of the data showed that NGOs initiatives are significantly associated with the empowerment of the children. The paper concludes that to enhance the state of the children, the active involvement of NGOs is necessary. Otherwise, they are rarely able to develop themselves, though this involvement should be based on a comprehensive approach. That is, any successful policy or initiative not only should focus on the street children as a very target group, but also on family as a major basis for the children misery and delinquency.

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Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)

Aims: This study was conducted to Comparison of the effects of competitive and non-competitive physical activity on the social development of 7 to 9 and 10 to 12 year old students.

Methods: Semi-experimental pretest-posttest design with two competitive and non-competitive physical activity random groups used for the present study. The participants were 200 elementary school male students in Khalilabad during the year 2016. participants of two schools assigned randomly to competitive physical activity group and the students in the other two schools were assigned to the non-competitive physical activity group. Winelend Social Growth Scale was given to the participants as pre-test. The treatment was totally 12 weeks and two sessions per week. At the end of the experiment post-test was conducted.

Findings: The results of Multivariate covariance analysis showed the meaningful impact of competitive- noncompetitive activities interaction with age category (P = 0/005  and f (1,199) =7/89).

Conclusion: The competitive and non-competitive activities have different effects on students' social growth of 9-7 and 12-10 years old. As a result it can be used as a positive interventions to improve social development of the students.

Majid Koosheshi, Ali Hesari,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (11-2018)

Intergenerational private transfers as a component of intergenerational relations, defined as exchang of financial and nonfinancial rsources between different generations in the family. Financial transfers are known as supply of lifeycle deficit in the old and young ages and an important factor to fullfill needs in these stages of lifecycle. The aim of the study is to recognize composition of financial transfers between elderly parents and adult children, affecting factors and complication of transfers in the 22 municipal regions of the Tehran city. Required data gathered using a survey of 681 household heads who are 50 and over years old in the summer 1396. The results displayes that every household head transferred 6050 thousands Rials to his child and received 1680 Thousands Rials in the parent-child dyads level. Age profile of transfers displayed that parents’ transfers to children decreased and received transfers increased by the parents’ age. The results of statistical analysis shows that the most important determinants of transfers are income and needs and resources of two transfer parties as well as economic and socio-demographic characteristics. The results of the investigation also illustrates that transfer motivation is more consistent with the altruistic models.
Mr Enayat Salariyan, Dr Seyyed Reza Salehiamiri, Dr Mohammad Soltanifar, Dr Abbasali Qayyumi, ,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)

Advances in information technology have led to greater use by individuals as students have the best opportunity in school to learn science with their peers, so the education systemchr('39')s media literacy training for this group, especially courses Primary plays a special role in terms of effectiveness and institutionalization in society.
Thus, due to the importance of media literacy for children also due to the lack of research vacancy in this field, the topic of "Investigating how to teach media literacy to elementary students" was explored in this study.
The research method was qualitative research using content analysis technique and SWOT matrix data. The research findings showed how to teach media literacy to elementary students; For media literacy), the education system should also be identified using new educational methods, educational technologies, the use of social networks, the formation of workshops, the participation of students in discussion and discussion of media criticism and other factors identified. , The nature of media and the need for literacy learning Induce students with students

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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