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Showing 15 results for Iran

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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

Developmental projects in humanities and social sciences are based on fundamental concepts and their definitions. This paper tries to investigate and scrutinize the definition of “National Identity” among Iranian thinkers and intellectuals. The article studies the works and publishes of seven famous and contemporary thinkers around “national Identity” as the representatives of various majors of humanities and social sciences. The majors which are selected from are Sociology, Political Sciences, History, Persian Literature, Philosophy, and Geopolitics. In conclusion, the paper attains a collection of most accepted definitions of “National Identity”. There are ten more frequent and emphasized items in these definitions. The ten items are a: Homeland, b: Ethnicity and Nationality, c: Culture and rituals, d: Political and governmental system, e: History, f: Economic, g: Language, h: Art & Literature i: Religion and j: globalization.
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

 In the first phase of the present article, through reviewing different definitions of the concept of social development, it is tried to identify the different aspects of this concept as well as achieve a comprehensive definition of the concept. In the next step, through identifying and examining multiple Indicators which are presented by various organizations for measuring this concept, we tried to recognize the most comprehensive index of social development which measures more dimensions of this complex concept. In the third phase, considering the selected index, in addition to reporting the current status of social development in Iran, we have compared the ranking status of this country with other countries. According to the obtained results, the present status of social development in Iran, in comparison with other countries of the world and also the 16 countries of the region, is not in so appropriate situation and needs a serious consideration around the reasons of this matter and the way of improving and changing it.
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

The main objective of this study is to determine social factors on social health.  This study has been conducted via survey and data collected by questionnaire. Questionnaire including three Sections: Personal information, social support and social health that were evaluated by Keyes social health questionnaire and Phillips social support questionnaire. Among the older people in Babol town, 374 elderly were selected through stratified random sampling

 

Overall, the findings indicate that there is a significant relationship between social support (friends, family and others) and social health. Among the types of social support, family support has the greatest impact on the health of elderly community. There is a significant relationship between age, marital status, gender, and social health. There is a significant difference between education and income.


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

Nowadays, with development and growth of various industries and business units, the consequences and effects of their activities on the society and lack of social reporting, creates a gap between economic entities and the society expectations. The current paper explaines the literature related to co rporate social responsibility and its position in business units, and then conceptualizes its social dimension in corporations and identifies the components and indicators of corporate social responsibility disclosures with sustainable development approach and using questionnaire and analyzing the path model in a comprehensive framework (with regarding popular international and local standards). Also, its status and disclosure level of social dimension in corporations has been determined through content analysis of board reports of Iran’s listed companies. The findings indicate that the most important components of social dimensions in the view of stakeholders are “business ethics, corruption and bribery, association in community development”. Also, the most social disclosure about the current status of companies’ reports is “components of work and staffs, customers and consumers”. In sum, level of social dimension disclosure in Iranian companies is low that demonstrate the large gap between the current status and the society expectations. It requires the suitable regulations, obligations and standards in the field of the companies reporting and disclosure to force those to accountable for the stakeholders and the society’s expectations.



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Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

The family as a social institution has experienced dramatic changes during recent decades. These changes had influential effects on the situation of the members, especially children, within the family. Using the data from the “Time Use Survey”, conducted in urban areas in 2008 and2009, this paper aims to analyze the effect of the mother's employment on the achievement of human capital by children aged 15-19 years. Findings showed that children of employed mothers spend more time in human capital achievement activates than the others. This is in consistent withpreviousstudies. It reflects the fact that the income generated from the employment is invested in children'shuman capital.Further analysesclarified thatthe effect of the mother's employment ties with the effect of her level of education. Most employed motherswere highly educated as well. The combination of the employment and the education showed to have stronger effect on the human capital achievement. The positive effects of the mother's occupational rank, and hours spent on paid-work also revealed the positive effect of income on children's human capital achievement.
Mohsen Noghani, Ameneh Akhlaghi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

This study is qualitative design that considered a qualitative analysis of social trust trend of Afghan immigrant elites living in Mashhad. Distrust of immigrants to society and marginalization can create disturbances in conformity, discipline and social integration understanding the elites Trust is important The reason is that they transfer the culture of trust or mistrust to Afghan migrants and Afghanistan society. Focused group discussion was used on five groups of 5-3 persons and Data collection continued until saturation stage. 22 samples were selected using theoretical sampling. The results show that the distrust is in a high level. This distrust is mainly institutional distrust. Structural characteristics of Iran and its institutions and organizations are the most important factors of distrust. Humiliation and discrimination of afghan immigrant are the main reasons of the distrust. It has shaped the immigrant experience during their residency. According to the results, distrust has occurred by the loss of deep trust in the first generation of immigrants to Iran that has been created after revolution. According to Sztompka theory, it is difficult to repair.
Aboalghasem Heidarabadi, Abrahim Salehabadi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

Electoral participation, as an important form of political participation, is important in discussions of political sociology and sociology of elections. Modernization theory is one of the major theories to explain electoral participation. Part of the impact of modernization on political participation is done through education. This paper shows that the effect of education on electoral participation is more complex than it is emphasized that modernization theory. This article examines the educational development and electoral participation through critical review of other studies, secondary analysis and Sub-national comparative study. Looking at the overall statistics, the literacy rate of electoral participation between 1978 to 2005, there is a contrasting relationship that is inconsistent with the findings of other researchers. This article article is intended to report on this relationship. This analysis showed that nine presidential elections, despite the findings of other researchers, there is not a direct positive relationship between Literacy rates of electoral participation. Given the fact that our data were limited, efforts will be the seventh presidential election (1997) to be analyzed as a case study. Comparison showed in 1997 in the provinces of Iran, between electoral participation and the literacy rate, there is a contrasting relationship as an inverted U shape. Subgroup analysis showed that participation in elections directly related to education and electoral participation is more complex than the theories of modernization. The results showed a relationship between educational development and political participation is determined by the the type of literate people's jobs and their dependence on government.
, ,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)
Abstract

Educational and cultural services in different regions of Iran have been distributed unequally in such a way that Yazd province has the most and Sistan and Baluchistan province has the least amount of educational and cultural services in national level. Therefore, the present study has been conducted with this objective to identify factors affecting the development of mentioned services, determine the centralism levels of the provinces and predict factors affecting the improvement of the status quo. The method employed in this research is descriptive-analytical which was conducted using models of factor analysis, concentration coefficient, educational services and cultural development indicator (ECDI) and multivariate regression. The findings of the present study indicate that from 64 primary indicators, 49 selective indicators having reduced into 5 significant factors and in sum determine 65.48 percent of the population variance, are effective on the development of educational and cultural services of Iran. In terms of development of desired services, 9 provinces are located in supra-developmental levels, 10 provinces in upper semi-developed level, 4 provinces in lower semi-developed level and 7 provinces in lower-developed level. To reduces the imbalance and inequality among the regions, multivariate regression predicts the proportion of the factor "educational-administrative and student personnel" more than other factors.


Jaber Baghri, Dr Mostafa Azkia, Dr Mohammad Mirzaee,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)
Abstract

Henry Ford created a system that consisted of syndicate, accuracy and expertise in company. This creative idea became Fordism phenomenon and helped the affluence andprosperity of economic inthe united state during 1940 to 1960s. He was the first person who used the production line for producing cheap automobile. Not only he created a revolution inAmerica and Europe industry, but also his proposal forintegration the mass products, high wages for workers and low price, effected on economy and societies in twenty century that called Fordism.

      Fordism consequences in Iran were createdon economy, cultural and social fieldsandcaused tofundamental changes in economic, cultural and social structure such as GDP growth, developing industry and services, changes inrelations of  agriculture, increasing cities and rural migration, transubstantiation of traditional culture and replacing western culture, developing new middle classes and changing in social categories and increasing communication tools and growing consumerism.

      Accirding to research subject, the nearest method that help researcher to get first hand information wasoral history method. So,the data were collected by using oral history method and them by analyzing the second doucuments, we investigated the Fordism consequences sociological in Iran.


Seyed Salar Ajtahed Nejad Kashani, ,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (11-2017)
Abstract

This paper is an attempt to suggest an alternative theoretical apparatus for sociological analysis of modernity in Iran. The sociological analysis of modernity in Iran often has based on presuppositions of classical sociology and Modernization theory. The evolutional approach of these theories prevents the achievement of adequate explanations for modernity in Iran. Multiple Modernities approach has presented an analytical framework for crossing the limits of Modernization theory in the analysis of modernity, but also this approach suffers from some ambiguities and shortcomings: scrutiny of S. N. Eisenstadt’s theory of Multiple Modernities shows his ignorance of the impact of imperialism, colonialism and otherness processes in the extension of modernity from European countries to other parts of the world. The role of creative agency in the development of modernity in non-western societies is also underestimated in his work. Another problem in his theory is related to the level and the units of analysis. Regarding above issues, this paper tries to move forward from the theory of Multiple Modernities and suggests a multi-level theoretical apparatus for the analysis of modernity in Iran. This theoretical apparatus analyzes modernity in five levels contains world system, colonial confrontation, societal modernity, modern social movements and modern agency.​


Dr Farzin Mahmoudi Pati, Mr Sajjad Fallahzade,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (11-2018)
Abstract

The concept of participation and its application in various sciences particularly urban planning has been considered by thinkers and experts since several decades ago. The experience has proved that the participation to conduct urban affairs causes improving the efficiency, assigning the cost toward social priorities and fundamental projects. Nowadays, necessity of citizenship participation to enhance the physical and social condition of the cities is not inapparent over anyone. the main purpose of this article is to explain the direct/indirect relationships among the most key of urban participation barriers in Iran. To this end, it is used the interpretive structural modeling (ISM) and Matrice d’Impacts Croise´s Multiplication Applique´e a´ un Classement (MICMAC) analysis under fuzzy environment. The ISM method is interpretive as the judgment of a group decides whether and how the factors are related. It is structural as an overall structure is extracted from the complex set of factors on the basis of relationship amongst the elements of the system. The article research method is descriptive and analytical so that its part of descriptive included the literature review of urban participation barriers and problems in Iran, and its part of analytical encompassed the explanation of relationships among the barriers.
Dr Zahra Rashidi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the social phenomenon of bullying among faculty members. In this way, various aspects of these issues were tried and presented with respect to the context of the institution of university in Iran. The present study was conducted within the framework of the qualitative approach and using the fundamental theory research method (with a Strauss and Corbin system look). For data collection, informative media, in-depth interviews and informal interviews were used. Selection of information media of the research was done purposefully and using sampling strategies with maximum variation and theoretical sampling. The research media included 32 faculty members  of comprehensive universities in Tehran. Data analysis was performed in three stages of open, axial, and selective coding.. According to the findings, the phenomenon of bullying in faculty members' relations in Iran's higher education has verbal, physical, or psychological and social dimensions(Phenomena). This phenomenon has arisen due to organizational and individual circumstances(Causal Conditions) and resulted in reactions such as avoidance, conflict, acceptance(Strategy). These reactions have been affected by the responses of the authorities, the persistence and common beliefs (intervening conditions), structure and academic culture (context), resulting in occupational, personal, social and economic vulnerability(Consequences)
 
Dr. Asghar Mirfardi, Mrs. Asieyeh Sadeghnia, Dr. Ramin Moradi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (4-2019)
Abstract

Social development is one of the most pervasive aspects of development. This article has addressed the analysis of barriers to social development in Iran regarding governmental universities faculty members' viewpoints. data collection was done via reviews and survey. The research sample consisted of 131 faculty members selected through purposeful sampling whose view toward social development barriers was questioned. As the first step open reviews were used to identify the main components and then in the second one. The data was collected through structured questionnaire. Face validity and Cronbach coefficient alpha were used to assess the validity and reliability of the assessment tools. The result indicated that the economic, political, cultural, and social barriers had been recognized as the most important ones to social development, respectively. For instance; corruption network, governmental economy, and lack of meritocracy have been considered as the most important barriers to the country social development, respectively. It was concluded that economic and political barriers have been introduced as the most important deterring factors to social development.
Ardeshir Zaboli Zadeh, Morteza Shams, Reza Shokati,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (7-2020)
Abstract

The purpose of this research is evaluation performance Iran Kala TV in adopting a resistive economy approach from the experts' point of view. The statistical population is Specialists and elites in sociology, economics, culture and media, who were audience this TV network in the year 1397. Among the available members of this collection as a sampling framework, 100 people selected by purposeful sampling. According documentary studies, extracting factors to evaluation performance Iran Kala TV in promoting resistive Economy. Then by the CIPP evaluation model and with questionnaire, the data analyzed in four areas field, Input, process and output. According results, Iran Kala TV is relatively good level in promoting resistive Economy in the society with an average "3/10" out of "5". To reach the desired level, it’s recommended that the objectives of this TV network to promote a resilient economy be re-written and rewritten and this TV network in production, codenamed program aimed at the Culture making of the resistive economy and it’s further penetration into daily debates of the people, awareness of the people and authorities of the shortcomings and facilities needed by the country on the path Economic development and endogenous look to solve the country's economic problems.
Farnaz Sarbandi, Seyed Reza Salehi Amiri,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (12-2020)
Abstract

evaluation is one of the important levels of policymaking and scientific evaluation needs the related indicators. So the main goal of this article is compiling indicators for cinema economics in Iran. The used method is applied and analysis of second data. for compiling indicators documentary method is used and all indicators were collected from Iranian and other studies. the result list was sent to  the experts (by snowball method). finally Iran's cinema economics is analyzed by second data. interview and calculating are used for some data lacking. the results show cinema economics was not so successful in last decades. cinema income was in growing process but it was for inflation of ticket price and cinema goers was in reducing manner (in spite of late years decrease). therefore cinema GDP is very insignificant. occupation opportunities in cinema is depend to producing and cinemas

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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