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Showing 15 results for Social Trust
Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)
This paper investigates the social relationship
and life quality. The paper analyzes a secondary data form a survey is
conducted by Iranian Student’s Polling Agency, ISPA, about favorable or optimal
life among University students. The sample is consisted of 20670 people in
different parts of Tehran.
Results show 59 percent of respondents have
average life quality and social capital and its dimensions social trust and social
participation had the highest score among others. The levels of these three
variables were different and significant in types of life quality.
After analysis of findings through calculation
of path analysis coefficient, the results indicate that among variables
influencing on the social capital, average life quality with 85 correlation co-efficiency,
has the highest influence. Results indicate that average life quality increases
solidarity and relation
realm of individuals and it can result into the trust and finally, all these
factors increase and reinforce social capital.
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Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
research seeks to study the impact of media consumption (local and satellite
televisions) on the social trust. The population of the study is all of the
enrolled students of Mazandaran University which 400 students through
proportionate stratified sampling method have been selected as sample of the
study. The required data has been gathered by self administered questionnaire
and data were analyzed via SPSS software. Research findings indicate that while
there is no significant relationship between watching local TV and social
trust, watching satellite TV is related to social trust, negatively. Moreover,
some variables such as the participation in voluntary associations, reciprocity
norms, positive attitude toward law administration, and justice feeling all
were positively related to social trust. In addition, the results of multiple
regression analysis indicate that after the variable of justice feeling which
has the most significant impact on the social trust, the variable of
reciprocity norms is placed in the next ranking.
Mohsen Noghani, Ameneh Akhlaghi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
This study is qualitative design that considered a qualitative analysis of social trust trend of Afghan immigrant elites living in Mashhad. Distrust of immigrants to society and marginalization can create disturbances in conformity, discipline and social integration understanding the elites Trust is important The reason is that they transfer the culture of trust or mistrust to Afghan migrants and Afghanistan society. Focused group discussion was used on five groups of 5-3 persons and Data collection continued until saturation stage. 22 samples were selected using theoretical sampling. The results show that the distrust is in a high level. This distrust is mainly institutional distrust. Structural characteristics of Iran and its institutions and organizations are the most important factors of distrust. Humiliation and discrimination of afghan immigrant are the main reasons of the distrust. It has shaped the immigrant experience during their residency. According to the results, distrust has occurred by the loss of deep trust in the first generation of immigrants to Iran that has been created after revolution. According to Sztompka theory, it is difficult to repair.
Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)
Social trust, generalized trust, institutional trust, social participation, social-economic status
Volume 5, Issue 1 (8-2016)
addressing the relationship between the social capital and its dimensions with the social security is the aim of the current study. The research method is descriptive- explanatory and survey that has been done by using a questionnaire with interview. The above 18 residents of Kerman city constitute the research statistics population that it was chosen 384 persons using the Kookran formula and multistage cluster sampling method. It was used Spss16 to analysis the information and Pearson test, regression analysis and path analysis to examine the hypothesis.
The findings show that the social security of responders is in the middle. There is a significant relationship between the strong social trust, social support and social network. While there was not a significant relationship between the membership in voluntary institutes and trade-off norms with the social security. The results of regression analysis show that the independent variables can explain 12 percentages of the dependent variables changes, totally. Moreover, the results of path analysis show that the trust dimension can be generalized amongst the social capital and the instrumental support have the most effect on social security.
Shahram Mollania Jelodar, Seifollah Farzaneh, Seyedeh Moghadaseh Homayoni Baei,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)
Abstract: Introduction: Women are half of active population in every country. This half of population is not only objecting of any development but also is the effective leverage in advance of economic development goals. Goals: The goal of this research is to study of factors effecting on level of women social participation in Mazandaran province cooperative production in year of 1390. Research method: This research is study descriptive- analytical from cross- sectional. The study is survey and the theoretical framework of this research is Parsons' theory of social action. The research population is 1472 people from women who are selected and studied based on Cochran formula that the samples of the population are 305 and the members of the population are selected by simple random sampling. Findings: T he survey shows that there isn't any meaningful relationship between women's activism and their social participation, but there is meaningful relationship among generality, rationalization, evaluation of the benefits of participation, social trust , hope for the future, married and women's education with their social participation. Results: Results of findings of regression model shows that variables as education, social trust, hope for the future, generality have the highest effective on women's social participation in turn. The 8th independent variables can explain 0.42 percent of changes related to the dependent variable.
Mr Ali Nooralivand, Phd Amir Maleki, Phd Mehrban Parsamehr, Phd Hamid Ghasemi,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)
The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between social capital and women’s participation in sport. The study was conducted using survey and the data were collected through questionnaires. The population consisted of women upper than 19 years of age and the sample consisted of 500 women. The sample was selected using multi-stage random cluster sampling. To analyze the data and to test the research model, the researchers used regression and SEM using Amos. The analyses of the data indicated that women in Ilam participate in professional sport (15%), regular sport (188%), health-oriented sport (17%), recreational sport (15.2%), and irregular exercises (8%). Additionally, 26% of women follow no sport activities. Furthermore, the results indicate that social participation (organizational membership and social network), and social trust (interpersonal, general, civil and institutional) can respectively explain .268 and .366 of the variance in sport participation. Together, they explain .59 of the variance in women’s sport participation.
Dr Asadollah Babaiefard,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)
In this study, using the Network Analysis, the topic of Development and Underdevelopment in Iran, has been studied, with Historical-Experimental Approach and using Secondary Analysis of Empirical Findings. This study is based on analysis of some National Surveys, particular, a National Survey on Iranians Cultural Behaviors and two National Surveys on Iranians Values and Attitudes, which have been conducted, respectively, in the years 1999, 2000 and 2003. Overall, our findings suggest that there are relationships between variables of Social Capital, Social Development. Our assumption in this study was that Lack of Social Capital has led to Lack of Social Development, and this phenomenon, in turn, can play an important role in Underdevelopment of Society. These findings suggest that in terms of some important elements of Social Development, such as Trust in Social Groups, Social Participation, Commitment to the Social Values and Norms, Belonging to National Identity and Culture in Iranian Society, the situation is not desirable. In our opinion, the lack of Social Development would lead to Underdevelopment of Society. Consequently, if we want to achieve the goal of Comprehensive Development of Society, we should provide required backgrounds to increase the levels of Social Capital, and consequently, Social Development.
Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)
The present study aimed to investigate the effective sociocultural factors on social participations of Bandar Abbas citizens. The population of the study consisted of all citizens of Bandar Abbas city who were 18 years old or older the total population included 400 people, who were interviewed by multi-level cluster sampling. The independent variables of the research included social trust, sense of social belonging, social responsibility, sense of powerlessness and individual factors social participation was considered as the dependent variable of the research and was assessed both objectively and subjectively. Finally, the results of the study revealed that there was a significant correlation between social trust, sense of social belonging, social responsibility, sense of powerlessness, age, education, job status and income, and social participation of Bandar Abbas citizens, with the significance level at 99% whereas, variables such as gender, marital status and being indigenous had no correlation with citizens' social participation. Besides, the respondents were objectively so ready for social participation, but subjectively, they showed a lower participation level. Therefore, generally, citizens of Bandar Abbas appeared to have a low level of social participation.
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Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)
The purpose of this study was to investigate social factors affecting environmental behavior among citizens of Gorgan city. This descriptive-analytic study was done by cross sectional survey on 400 citizens of Gorgan city in 1396. The standard information collection tool is standard. A multi-stage random sampling method was used for sampling. The collected data were analyzed by parametric test (T-test), variance analysis and correlation test. The results of the study indicate that there is a relationship between age and environmental behavior, but there is no relationship between sex and marital status with environmental behavior. Also, according to the research findings, there is a relationship between the economic beneficiary, media consumption and social trust of citizens of Gorgan city with environmental behavior.
Dr Omid Ghaderzadeh, Mis Fateme Sharifi, Mis Elnaz Hasankhani,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (4-2019)
Political participation is the main component of political development and according to the fact that students are considered from political development agents and brokers, their interests are important . The present study dealt with how and why the political participation of students among the students of the Kurdistan University . In the theoretical section , based on the results obtained from the study of empirical sources and reviewing the empirical sources of an integrated conceptual framework , it has been formulated in the context of the underlying questions and key assumptions.Research has been conducted by means of the questionnaire using the questionnaire Descriptive descriptions of the study show that the degree of political involvement The students, among the dimensions of political participation , are more involved in low levels of political participation such as voting and participation in elections and a little percentage in political parties and contacts with officials .
Seyed Yaghob Mosavi, Mohammadsadegh Mahdavi, Seysd Yaser Ghorbanpourganji,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (8-2019)
The main objective of this research is the sociological study of the impact of social influences on electoral behavior in Iran's presidential election among citizens living in Mazandaran province. This research is descriptive-analytic and survey is carried out using a researcher-made questionnaire. Using Cochran's formula, 384 individuals were selected as sample size and then statistical sampling was done in a multi-stage sampling method. The theoretical framework of research based on the level of sociological theories has been categorized in three theoretical and operational levels (micro, macro, and median). Field surveys show that women and men, singles and married people differ in terms of electoral behavior, and in terms of location differences There is no difference in living in a city or village and its impact on electoral action. In terms of belonging to job groups and respondents' educational level, there is a significant difference in the type of behavior and participation rate in the elections. Age and income have a reverse and significant relationship with the behavior of the participants in the survey, and the variables of value preferences, media, Social networks, social institutions, social trust, social order, national and religious identity also show a meaningful relationship with electoral behavior.
Dr Yaghoob Foroutan, Mrs Somayeh Mirzaee,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)
This study primarily aims to examine the cultural and demographic foundations of social trust. The research findings presented and discussed in this paper are based on a survey that includes a total sample of 5200 males and females residing in varying rural and urban areas across Iran. In order to examine social trust more appropriately, it has been classified into three main domains: trust towards family members, trust towards relatives and friends, and trust towards the officials so-called ‘institutional trust’.
Generally speaking, the results of this study have shown that about 95 per cent of the respondents trust family members. The corresponding proportions are approximately two-third and one-third for trust towards relatives and friends and towards institutional trust, respectively. Furthermore, the results have indicated that while the trust towards family members is not significantly affected by socio-demographic determinants, the opposite applies to the two other domains of social trust, particularly to the institutional trust. This suggests that the institutional trust in particular is substantially affected by such demographic determinants as age, gender, place of residence, and education as well as by the determinants associated with religiosity and gender attitude.
Mr Alireza Koul, The Doctor Alireza Esmaeili, The Doctor Rahmatollah Amirahmadi,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (8-2021)
The aim of the present study is to retrieve and analyze the meanings of the concept of the culture of apartment from the perspective of the residents of apartments. For this purpose, qualitative research method (descriptive-analytical) has been used. The study population is apartment residents in areas 2 and 9 in Mashhad. The sample size of the study is 21 apartment residents based on theoretical saturation, followed by purposive sampling. Research data collection tools, interviews and semi-structured interviews have been selected. Maxqda software has been used to analyze the data. The research data has been analyzed by thematic analysis. The findings of the present study show that the categories (constructive social relations, social trust, social participation, cultural diversity, new lifestyle), including indicators and criteria are defined by residents in the form of apartment culture and have the greatest impact on the behavior of individuals in collective living environments. As a result, if residents act in both functional and structural dimensions based on accepted Iranian-Islamic values and norms, the improvement of culture in collective life and institutionalizing it in the interactions of daily life to change behavioral habits of residents, will be provided.