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Showing 11 results for Cultural Capital
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Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)
Although many experimental studies have
confirmed the effect of family's cultural capital on educational achievement,
evaluating the mechanism of its effect is controversial. The survey aimed at
investigating the mechanism of evaluation quality
into cultural capital impact on educational achievement. Using a survey
method, this empirical study was conducted. In
academic year 89-90, middle and high school students of Jovein Township were
the population of the survey. By proportional stratified sampling, 369 students
were selected as sample size. The results show that the parent’s
cultural capital significantly affect the educational success of their
children. However, the study findings did not significantly support the impact
of evaluation causal mechanism on the children's educational success.
Majid Movahed, Rohollah Mozafari, Samane Alizadeh, ,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
paper studies the relationship between cultural capital and trust in
foundations and organizations. Its method is quantitative and its technique is
survey. The sample content includes 384 youths aged 14-29 in Shiraz who have
been selected through Multi-stage stratified sampling. The Data collection tools include
questionnaire, and data analysis has been undertaken via SPSS. Evaluating the
validity and reliability of questionnaire has been performed through face
validity and Kronbach’s Alpha coefficient.
multi-variant regression has been used in the inferential statistics section.
The results indicate that the two factors of watching satellite and television
have entered the equation in all of the models, where watching satellite and
watching TV lie in a negative and positive relation to the dependent variable
respectively. Moreover, historical- religious and scientific aspects have
entered the equation in most of the models where both of them have a positive
relation to dependant variable. The individual’s education is also considered
as a variant included in most of the models but with a negative relation to the
Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
present paper investigates the difference kind of cultural consumption among
metropolitan, urban, and rural communities. Using the statistical data of a
national survey, authors compare the cultural taste of people who live in the
villages, cities, and metropolitans. In this regard, we consider the kind of
cultural consumption in society with structural approaches and individualizing
reasoning in order to get the results.
study is based on consistency approach belongs to Piere Bourdieu, since that
his theory due to stress on socializing special groups in lifetime and the
effect of environment and family origin on people’s taste selections can
explain the difference of cultural consumption pattern in above- mentioned
regard to the findings and achieving to definite patterns, it cannot be said
that cultural life style has been individualized in Iran society since that by
individualization of a behavior in a scope, finding the pattern in that scope
becomes difficult. Also the differences show that our society is not a mass one
with a same culture. So Ulrich Beck theory and Frankfurt school view are not
confirmed referring to the findings of this research. And According to Piere
Bourdieu theory the life style, in our society, is still affected by society
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Volume 3, Issue 1 (8-2014)
Nowadays the attitude from investment of physical capital has turned into the cultural capital that represents the non-economic forces such as the so-called cultural capital, family background, social class, varying investments and commitment to education, different resources, etc. Cultural capital as the cultural competence bases, trends and ideas that define the most important mechanism in the reproduction of social hierarchy is considered.
This study focuses on examining the impact of cultural capital and cultural capital on students' scientific study. Other goals include subjective aspects, objective and institutions. The study seeks to answer the question that how scientific and cultural capital affect students? The researchers sought to test the hypothesis that it is, is as follows: It seems that cultural capital through the mental aspects, objective and scientific institutions on students can be effective. The sample is 385 students from Tehran, allameh tabatabaee, beheshti and Azad universities. Results show that Pearson correlation coefficient equal to 0/566 the objective by a factor of 0/477 and the institutional dimension by a factor of 0/525 has an effect on students' scientific production.
Masoud Hajizadeh, Hamed Sayarkhalaj, Kaveh Shokohifar,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
One of the social problems on Yazd is the environment and if this problem cannot be controlled, it becomes a crisis and decreases the outcomes of developmental benefits. This problem is mainly caused by industrial development, geographical, climatic conditions, and dehydration. This paper focuses on the socio-cultural namely cultural capital, religiosity, life style and mass media use with environmental behaviors among citizens in Yazd. This is survey research and the population consisted of citizen in Yazd for whom 384 individuals were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection technique was a questionnaire that has a suitable validity and reliability. The results showed that the environment factor was significantly related to cultural capital and lifestyle. There is a significant difference between men and women in environmental behaviors, too. However, age, marital status, mass media use, religiosity, education and environmental behaviors do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression analysis showed that the adjusted coefficient of determination for all the independent variables was equal to 0.278, meaning that all these variables could explain approximately 28 percent of the variation of the dependent variable (environmental factors).
Mansour Saei, Ahmad Saei, Hayat Saei,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the Factors influencing the social health of teachers (in primary, middle and high school) in Boukan city. According to "the Keyes model", we have measured the rate of social health of the 234 teachers in Boukan city. The results show that the mean of social health between teachers is 62.17 percent. The results also show that the social health among men is more than the social health among women. The results show that the mean of social health among those who have been homeowners is much more than those of tenants. The findings of the study show that with social class promotion, social health is severely diminished. Also, the results show that the more increasing the cultural capital, the better social health. The results indicate that increasing rate of religiosity the social health will also increase.
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Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Citizenship as a social phenomenon is a central component of modern democratic political systems and key indicators to demonstrate democracy in a modern society. Citizenship requires a sense of community membership. Cultural and social development and active citizenship require active citizens and active citizenship requires a sense of citizenship. Current study is an evaluation about the role of social capital and cultural capital in the sense of citizenship among people of Kashan. The sample size for this study was 318 citizens and for conducting a questionnaire -based survey method for assessing the validity Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. In this paper, four dimensions were considered for sense of citizenship, they are a sense of equality of opportunity , equality of distributive sense , sense of equality of participation, and a sense of social identity, Based on the results, sense of Kashanian citizensWith an average of 2/47 in the range of 1-4 is in average level. Social capital, including trust, integrity, collaboration and social knowledge with an average of 2/98 in the range of 1-5 and cultural capital with a moderate level of mental, physical and institutional, With an average of 1/88 in the range of 1-5 are also below average. Research findings show relationship between social capital, the sense of citizenship and cultural capital. This means that the greater degree of social capital and cultural capital among citizens would lead to more of a sense of citizenship.
Mona Asalemnejad, Dr Behjat Yazdkhasti, , ,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)
This study aimed to investigate the impact of social background of students on two important aspects of behaviors related to health that are feeding and sport. The sample is gathered among gifted and ordinary students of Rasht city. There were 2 schools for gifted students that belong to boys and girls and also for ordinary students. After all, sample volume reached at 101 gifted and 118 ordinary students. For achieving more accurate and deeper data, 54 parents of first group and 74 of second were included. For making sure of maximum accuracy of findings, associative triangulation was used. The results show that gifted students are rooted in petit-bourgeois class and the subclass which owns high cultural capital. These people, in food, pay attention in Form, Presentation and healthiness and in sports look for being unique, and the effects which it has on the soul and body. In contrast, ordinary students who go to public schools have origins in worker class and follow the taste of necessity. For them, the most important features in foods are those who relate to energy and in sports, those who need high power and few requirements are in high priority.
Dr Hossein Nazoktabar, Dr Shahram Molania Jelodar, Mr Hossein Nikandish,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (11-2021)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of cultural capital and social capital on family stability among couples in Chahardangeh. The research method is descriptive-correlational done by survey method. The statistical population was couples living in Chahardangeh in the second half of 2000. According to Cochran's formula, 200 people were selected as the sample size and the sampling method was cluster random. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire, the calculated alpha for each variable was higher than 0.70, which means the reliability of the questionnaire was acceptable. Data analysis was performed at both descriptive and inferential levels using SPSS software version 24. The results show that social capital in each of its dimensions, including the level of social trust, social participation and social networks had a significant effect on family stability among couples in Chahardangeh. Also cultural capital and each of its dimensions, including embodied cultural capital, objectified cultural capital and institutionalized cultural capital, have had a significant effect on the stability of the family among the couples of Chahardangeh. The results show that gender and education of couples do not have a significant effect on family stability.
Dr. Taha Ashayeri, Ms. Elham Abbasi, Ms Tahereh Jahanparvar,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (4-2022)
Social alienation means disgust, isolation, sense of lack of identity, cut off from society and finally the feeling of socio-cultural anomie in the modern society. The main purpose of this research is to study the factors affecting social alienation by meta-analysis method in the period of 1387 to 1401. The research method is Meta-Analysis (quantitative), its statistical population is 51 documents, of which 29 researches are a non-probability sample size from the Normex scientific database, Alamnet, Meg Iran, Jihad University database, with compliance with the entry criteria (validity and reliability) and the exit criteria ( lack of validity and reliability). The results show that between cultural capital (embodied, institutionalized and symbolic); social capital (weak social cohesion, low social trust and low social belonging); cultural factors (individualism, superstitions, normative pressures and low religious affiliation); media factors (use of virtual space, internal media and external media); psychological factors (low self-confidence, social isolation and sense of inferiority), Political factors (basis of political ineffectiveness, political dissatisfaction, feeling of political discrimination, political anomie) and factors of failure (social deprivation, job failure, educational failure), there is a significant relationship between social factors (social disorder, social dissatisfaction, social anomie, feeling of injustice), background factors (level of education, age, socio-economic base and income level) and the social alienation.
Pooya Afghannezhad, Abolghasem Heydar Abadi, Seyed Ahmad Jafari Kelarijani,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (10-2022)
This study has investigated the environmental behavior of tourists in the coastal cities of Mazandaran province. For this purpose, the theory of environmental culture of Georges Tomé and Bourdieu's cultural capital have been applied as the theoretical framework. The statistical population are tourists from the coastal cities of Mazandaran. The sampling method is a multi-stage cluster and the sample size is 400 according to Cochran's formula. The tool for data collection is a researcher-made questionnaire. The method of data analysis is Pearson's correlation coefficient, path analysis and regression analysis using SPSS software. Face validity was used to measure validity and the variable reliability of environmental behaviors was 0.851, which is very high and its items were able to have the necessary internal consistency. The test results show that the average of environmental behavior patterns among people is high and its average is 4.05 out of 5. About 10.3 percent of their environmental behavior is low, 9.7 percent is medium, and about 80 percent is high. There is a significant positive and direct relationship between the amount of urban participation, cultural capital and environmental awareness with environmental behavior. Independent variables explain and predict 35.6 percent of the variance and changes in environmental behavior. The result is that in order to strengthen, promote and develop responsible behaviors towards the environment, it is necessary to raise the level of cultural capital, expand environmental awareness and increase urban participation among tourists.