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Showing 10 results for Higher Education

Maryam Rafatjah, Zeinab Vafadar,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)

The rise of various religiosity and new religious identities from one hand and the prevalence of modern life styles in Iran from the other hand are due to common modern lifestyles. However, much research show that religion still plays a significant and effective role in directing lifestyles. This situation requires studying the role of religious beliefs on resisting the consumerist modern culture and understanding the relationship between religious identity and modern life styles. This research has been done among Tonkabonian women and tried to investigate the acceptance or resistance of these women against the consumerist culture or its combination with the religious culture which ever advises moderate consumption. The women studied in this research have purposively been chosen from the married ones of Tonekabon city and categorized in four types based on the amount of religiosity and employment. The research findings show some relationships between religiosity and lifestyles among them, that is, the religiosity affects accepting or resisting modern lifestyle and its components (leisure activities, mode of shopping and consumption, and the kind of social communications). It means that the more religious women were the less they followed modern lifestyle. Moreover the comparison between the religious working and non-working women shows that the employment made no difference in their approaches to mode lifestyle and consumption but in either of them, religious attitudes have had more influence on their everyday lifestyle. The findings also indicate that working women lifestyles differ from nonworking women. The working women often spend their leisure outside of home with previous planning in a more favorable and useful way, division of housework in their home is more participatory and most of them consider both applied and aesthetic criteria for shopping.
Khadijeh Keshavarz,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)

After the 1979 Revolution, women in the field of public and higher education achieved substantial improvement. However, employment statistics show that their economic participation has not changed much compared to the pre-revolution era. While considering the mission of higher education, the objective of this article is trying to understand this gap and to seek ways of reducing it. The research method is based on the study of the gap through documents and interviews with educated or working women and professionals. The study concludes by stressing on the most important reasons of this disparity which could be: little transfer of skills when entering the labor market, weak professional identity among girls, as well as structural discrimination based on gender division of labor in society.

Mr Mostafa Azizi, Dr Abdolrahim Naveh Ebrahim, Dr Hamidreza Arasteh, Dr Mohamad Reza Behrangi,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)

The present paper aims to examine developing market orientation constraints and opportunities in Iranian higher education. In doing so, mix method was applied. A purposive sample of 10 informants consisting of higher education and marketing experts and deans was selected. After the implementation of interviews, to analyze data, open, axial, and selective coding system was applied. The initial questionnaire was designed, in order to validate components and Based on the findings of qualitative research phase. After verifying the reliability and validity, was conducted on the sample of 120 non-governmental deans of higher education institutions. A quantitative validation component was performed using the software PLS by factor analysis. And eventually, components were ranked using the Friedman test. Results show higher education market orientation constraints in order include economic constraints, institutional, administrative, educational, political, cultural and social; and Opportunities in order include internal efficiency, economic, educational and public. 

Dr Mostafa Azizi Shamami,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)

The present paper aims to explore mechanisms for marketing in non-profit higher education institutions. In doing so, mix method design was applied. A purposive sample of 10 informants was selected. Findings were organized under mechanisms for marketing development in higher education. Based on qualitative findings, an initial questionnaire was designed. After ensuring its reliability and validity, we administered it with a sample of 120 non-profit deans of higher education institutions. Using PLS, first and second order factor analysis was used to validate the proposed model. Results are presented as follows: The components segmentation: geographical factors, demand behavior (behavior), demographic and psychological; the choice of target market part: components absorbers and market success factors in each section; in the mechanism of positioning: focus on customer perception ,emphasizing the competitive advantage and an emphasis on basic resources; and in mix marketing mechanism part: process, physical evidence, product (educational program), personnel, promotions and pricing were Confirmed.

Dr Zahra Rashidi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the social phenomenon of bullying among faculty members. In this way, various aspects of these issues were tried and presented with respect to the context of the institution of university in Iran. The present study was conducted within the framework of the qualitative approach and using the fundamental theory research method (with a Strauss and Corbin system look). For data collection, informative media, in-depth interviews and informal interviews were used. Selection of information media of the research was done purposefully and using sampling strategies with maximum variation and theoretical sampling. The research media included 32 faculty members  of comprehensive universities in Tehran. Data analysis was performed in three stages of open, axial, and selective coding.. According to the findings, the phenomenon of bullying in faculty members' relations in Iran's higher education has verbal, physical, or psychological and social dimensions(Phenomena). This phenomenon has arisen due to organizational and individual circumstances(Causal Conditions) and resulted in reactions such as avoidance, conflict, acceptance(Strategy). These reactions have been affected by the responses of the authorities, the persistence and common beliefs (intervening conditions), structure and academic culture (context), resulting in occupational, personal, social and economic vulnerability(Consequences)
Dr Zahra Rashidi, Dr Somayeh Fereidouni,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (8-2019)

The purpose of this study is to reflection the social agency of female students in the course of socio-cultural transformation in the society, was designed in the interpretiveism paradigm and qualitative approach using phenomenological method. The data collection tool was a deep, unstructured interview. Participants included 60 faculty members, Social activists, and female students from four provinces of Gilan, Qom, Kurdistan and Sistan and Baluchestan selected by targeted strategies and sample with maximum diversity. Data were analyzed based on a seven-step Colaizzi's strategy and the obtained classes. The findings show that although some contributors "the damage caused by women's academic education" in areas such as " Lack of work for men "," delayed marriage "," full-time female out-of-home employment "," increased moral scrutiny "and even" serious divorce ", but they still believe that changes in the field of women and social change It depends on the increase of women's social empowerment, the point Haye is turning to the consequences of increasing access to higher education in the country, "the transformation of beliefs," "the new style of life for women," "the erosion of gender stereotypes," "understanding the new identity for girls," and "increasing the sense of empowerment" of these transformations.
Ms Sima Alipour, Mr Abbas Sabet, Mr Ardalan Feili,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (4-2020)

The present study is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of how to collect data, it is a descriptive research of correlational type. The statistical population of the study is 430 teachers of Apadana Higher Education Institute in 2020; Of these, 203 people were selected based on Cochran's formula by simple random sampling. Data collection tools are Carroll Social Responsibility Questionnaire (1991), Akbari E-Learning Quality Questionnaire (2012) and a researcher-made questionnaire on the performance of higher education in the Corona crisis.The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by convergence and content and the reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. SPSS 25 software was used for data analysis in the inferential section and LISREL 8.8 software was used for path analysis. Model fit indices such as GFI, RMSEA and X2 / df were equal to 0.96, 0.08 and 2.21, respectively, which indicate a very good fit of the model in the statistical population of the research.

Miss Somayeh Mohammadizad, Professor Nematolah Azizi, Professor Ebrahim Salehi Omran,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (12-2020)

The purpose of this study research is to study the development of higher education with emphasis of the polytechnic approach. The method presented here is of historical analysis. The findings of this research reveal various factors are in effect in university development, factors including cultural, political, economical  and social, national and international.  Among the challenges of the development of poly is the lack of communication or the need for between universities and the industry. This research concludes that polytechnic university development will lead to a much needed progress at the country industry. The training of the Special Forces will pave the way for better prepared individuals who can lead market at the top level in the country.

Ali Eghbali, Akbar Salehi, Yahya Ghaedi, Alireza Mahmoudnia,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (3-2021)

The purpose of this study is to analyze and critique the situation of higher education in Iran from the perspective of the development of democratic university spaces.And it seeks to answer this fundamental question:From the perspective of professors and based on the Emancipatory classroom of higher education in Iran in the dimensions of the development of democratic university spaces, what challenges does it face? Therefore,using Fairclough critical discourse analysis method and relying on semi-structured interviews with eight university professors -at the discretion of the researcher and with the approval of eight professors of educational sciences-the theoretical adequacy of the data was announced and then implemented and described in three stages.And interpretation and explanation were analyzed. The results showed that professors' discourse includes a large number of concepts that express professors' protest and dissatisfaction with the common monologue-based discourse in academia and the classroom, so that the role of teachers' agency and activity is marginalized and leads tothe creation Banking education and the reproduction of discourse have become dominant, and at the same time, in parallel with this situation,a new discourse is emerging that seeks to change and reform things, which in a sense can be called the discourse of resistance.
Dr Atefeh Rigi,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (8-2021)

The present study has aimed to investigate changes in students' attitudes and believes that ultimately lead to the formation of their final identity after entering the university. Hence a qualitative narrative approach has been used. The statistical population comprised all students of Kurdistan University in Iran. Using convenience sampling, 14 students who volunteered to participate in the study and express their narratives were selected. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews, which continued to reach a theoretical saturation. The duration of the interviews varied from 40 to 60 minutes. The Braun and Clark method were used to analyze the data and achieve the main themes. The main issue in this study was the changes in students' believes and the formation of their identity in different fields, which were influenced by several factors. According to the results, the main extracted themes are: political identity, spiritual identity, scientific identity and social identity of students, which has been formed as a result of attending university in a different way than the time of arrival.

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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