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Showing 11 results for Social Development
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Volume 1, Issue 1 (8-2012)
This research, with the aim of investigating the applied indicators of social
development, has studied the concept of social development at international and
national levels. Considering research purposes and questions, the research method is
descriptive and qualitative which has been carried out in two stages of library and
Delphi technique. The research sample size (Delphi method) consists of 30
academic experts and executive authorities in social development area, who have
been selected randomly. Finally, according to calculation of social indicators,
significance and priority in process of Delphi technique, the concept of social
development was defined and interpreted as the quality of social system through
institutionalization of development ethics, especially “ethics of social development”
in order to achieve “social solidarity (consensus)” and “social equality” for
promoting “life quality level” and enhancing the coefficient of “social security”. In
the end, social development was divided, based on scientific logic of indicatormaking,
into five-fold dimensions as well as sub-dimensions associated with it.
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
In the first phase of the present article, through reviewing different definitions of the concept of social development, it is tried to identify the different aspects of this concept as well as achieve a comprehensive definition of the concept. In the next step, through identifying and examining multiple Indicators which are presented by various organizations for measuring this concept, we tried to recognize the most comprehensive index of social development which measures more dimensions of this complex concept. In the third phase, considering the selected index, in addition to reporting the current status of social development in Iran, we have compared the ranking status of this country with other countries. According to the obtained results, the present status of social development in Iran, in comparison with other countries of the world and also the 16 countries of the region, is not in so appropriate situation and needs a serious consideration around the reasons of this matter and the way of improving and changing it.
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
main objective of this study is to
determine social factors on social health. This study has been conducted via survey and data collected by questionnaire.
Questionnaire including three Sections: Personal information, social support and social health that were evaluated by Keyes social health questionnaire and Phillips social support questionnaire.Among the older people in Babol town, 374 elderly were selected through stratified random sampling
Overall, the findings indicate that
there is a significant relationship between
social support (friends, family and others)
and social health. Among the types of social support, family support
has the greatest impact on the health of elderly community. There is a significant relationship between age, marital
status, gender, and social health. There is a significant
difference between education and income.
Vakil Heidari Sarban,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Some of researchers are believed that ICT plays important role on social development, rising of the decision-making of rural peoples, enforcement of social capital, decreasing of the effects of natural hazardous, empowerment of the rural poor peoples, promotion of the life quality and etc. the purpose of this paper is survey of ICT role on social development in the rural areas. This research from point view of purpose is developmental and from point view of identity is descriptive and from point view of type is analytical research. Target population in the study was the rural people of located in Meshkinshar County. The needed information by means of questionnaire was collected from rural people of settled in Meshkinshar County. Statistical society of research included all of rural that have had ICT office. In addition for determining sample size the rural peoples of settled in the rural areas of Meshkinshar county was used Cochran formula. Finally, the sample size of rural peoples 195 was determined. The tool of measurement was made researcher questionnaire. The content and face validity of the instrument was specified after several times review and correction by the faculty of members at university and several expertise of administrative offices. The reliability analysis was conducted and Cronbach’s alpha values for the various sections of instrument were estimated to be between 0.87 and 0.92. The results of research showed that there was a statistically significant positive relationship between social consolidation, satisfaction, social participation, employment, and responsibility, access to social services, life quality and enforcement of educational infrastructure and using of ICT services. Finally, based on the results analysis, some applied recommendations have been provided
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Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)
Aims: This study was conducted to Comparison of the effects of competitive and non-competitive physical activity on the social development of 7 to 9 and 10 to 12 year old students.
Methods: Semi-experimental pretest-posttest design with two competitive and non-competitive physical activity random groups used for the present study. The participants were 200 elementary school male students in Khalilabad during the year 2016. participants of two schools assigned randomly to competitive physical activity group and the students in the other two schools were assigned to the non-competitive physical activity group. Winelend Social Growth Scale was given to the participants as pre-test. The treatment was totally 12 weeks and two sessions per week. At the end of the experiment post-test was conducted.
Findings: The results of Multivariate covariance analysis showed the meaningful impact of competitive- noncompetitive activities interaction with age category (P = 0/005 and f (1,199) =7/89).
Conclusion: The competitive and non-competitive activities have different effects on students' social growth of 9-7 and 12-10 years old. As a result it can be used as a positive interventions to improve social development of the students.
Dr Asadollah Babaiefard,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)
In this study, using the Network Analysis, the topic of Development and Underdevelopment in Iran, has been studied, with Historical-Experimental Approach and using Secondary Analysis of Empirical Findings. This study is based on analysis of some National Surveys, particular, a National Survey on Iranians Cultural Behaviors and two National Surveys on Iranians Values and Attitudes, which have been conducted, respectively, in the years 1999, 2000 and 2003. Overall, our findings suggest that there are relationships between variables of Social Capital, Social Development. Our assumption in this study was that Lack of Social Capital has led to Lack of Social Development, and this phenomenon, in turn, can play an important role in Underdevelopment of Society. These findings suggest that in terms of some important elements of Social Development, such as Trust in Social Groups, Social Participation, Commitment to the Social Values and Norms, Belonging to National Identity and Culture in Iranian Society, the situation is not desirable. In our opinion, the lack of Social Development would lead to Underdevelopment of Society. Consequently, if we want to achieve the goal of Comprehensive Development of Society, we should provide required backgrounds to increase the levels of Social Capital, and consequently, Social Development.
Azar Eskandari, Mehdi Nooripoor,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (5-2018)
The aim of this study was to investigate upgrading rural to urban areas and its effects on social development indicators the Sistan Region. A causal-comparative research method was used for this purpose. Research instrument was a pre- structured questionnaire. The research population consisted of 2,851 households from different districts of Sistan Region which a sample of 333 heads of households obtained through stratified random sampling technique. The validity of the questionnaire was verified using face validity procedure and its reliability was also calculated between 0.81 and 0.91 using Chronbach's Alpha Internal Consistency Coefficient. Moreover, some analysis techniques such as paired t- test, independent t- test and covariance were used to analyze data. The results showed that social development indicators have declined during the last five years in both rural and urban areas. Furthermore, there was no positive and significant relationship between upgrading rural to urban areas in one hand and promoting social development indicators in the other hand.
Dr Zahra Rashidi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the social phenomenon of bullying among faculty members. In this way, various aspects of these issues were tried and presented with respect to the context of the institution of university in Iran. The present study was conducted within the framework of the qualitative approach and using the fundamental theory research method (with a Strauss and Corbin system look). For data collection, informative media, in-depth interviews and informal interviews were used. Selection of information media of the research was done purposefully and using sampling strategies with maximum variation and theoretical sampling. The research media included 32 faculty members of comprehensive universities in Tehran. Data analysis was performed in three stages of open, axial, and selective coding.. According to the findings, the phenomenon of bullying in faculty members' relations in Iran's higher education has verbal, physical, or psychological and social dimensions(Phenomena). This phenomenon has arisen due to organizational and individual circumstances(Causal Conditions) and resulted in reactions such as avoidance, conflict, acceptance(Strategy). These reactions have been affected by the responses of the authorities, the persistence and common beliefs (intervening conditions), structure and academic culture (context), resulting in occupational, personal, social and economic vulnerability(Consequences)
Dr. Asghar Mirfardi, Mrs. Asieyeh Sadeghnia, Dr. Ramin Moradi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (4-2019)
Social development is one of the most pervasive aspects of development. This article has addressed the analysis of barriers to social development in Iran regarding governmental universities faculty members' viewpoints. data collection was done via reviews and survey. The research sample consisted of 131 faculty members selected through purposeful sampling whose view toward social development barriers was questioned. As the first step open reviews were used to identify the main components and then in the second one. The data was collected through structured questionnaire. Face validity and Cronbach coefficient alpha were used to assess the validity and reliability of the assessment tools. The result indicated that the economic, political, cultural, and social barriers had been recognized as the most important ones to social development, respectively. For instance; corruption network, governmental economy, and lack of meritocracy have been considered as the most important barriers to the country social development, respectively. It was concluded that economic and political barriers have been introduced as the most important deterring factors to social development.
Dr. Sadreddin Taheri, Dr. Zohreh Soltanmoradi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (7-2020)
Due to various continuing social, environmental, and economic challenges facing contemporary Iran, striving for sustainable development is our first serious and undeniable national need; and achieving sustainable development depends on our effort to recount the historical experiences. The main purpose is to measure the Sustainability of development during the period of Shah Abbas I Safavid. This study is historical research with an analytic approach. The authors have used the TBL framework to evaluate the success rate of Shah Abbas I. Based on the results obtained in this paper, the strengths of his management strategies can be categorized in three sections, as follows: social (securing the country, avoiding religious and ethnic prejudices, legal protection of minorities, etc.), environmental (successful management of water resources, water sensitive urban design, transferring economic orientation from agriculture to trade, etc.) and also economic (permanent support for craftsmen and traders, reconstruction and securing the roads network, creating economic security, etc.). By implementing these management policies, he succeeded in achieving sustainable development, that its benefits continued until four decades after his death. Learning from historical experiences, like what was discussed in this article, can be a path out of the current situation.
Farahnaz Sardarzahi, Golamreza Miri,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (8-2021)
The present study has attempted to explore the effective social factors (humanitarian factors) on sustainable development in four spectra including promoting, inhibitory, internal, and external factors among native inhabitants of the city of Chabahar. Nineteen indicators were studied in order to identify the main factors. Also a questionnaire containing 100 questions was distributed among 318 native inhabitants. The reliability value of the questionnaire was 0.75. Regarding data analysis, the KMO and Bartlett's test of sphericity were used for determining the adequacy and selection of proper data. Finally, thirteen factors and thirty nine items assessing the status of these factors among the native residents of Chabahar were extracted and named as follows: the internal promoting social factors (four general indicators and two indicators specific to the people with work experience) resulting to the sum of the total varience equal to %73.341, including “social trust” (low) , “social participation” (intermediate), “interpersonal trust” (intermediate), “collective spirit” (high), and “job commitment” (intermediate); the internal inhibitory factors (sum of total varience equal to (%65.602) including “restricting women’s independence” (low), “religious fanaticism” (low), and “racial distinction” (relatively low); the external promoting factors (sum of total varience equal to (%61.920) including “political freedom and social opportunities” (low), “justice-centeredness” (very low), and “ensure transparency” (low); the external inhibitory social factors (sum of total varience equal to (%59.784) including “inefficiency of rules” (high) and “ethnic discrimination” (high)