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Showing 124 results for Subject: Special

, , ,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (8-2012)
Abstract

This research, with the aim of investigating the applied indicators of social
development, has studied the concept of social development at international and
national levels. Considering research purposes and questions, the research method is
descriptive and qualitative which has been carried out in two stages of library and
Delphi technique. The research sample size (Delphi method) consists of 30
academic experts and executive authorities in social development area, who have
been selected randomly. Finally, according to calculation of social indicators,
significance and priority in process of Delphi technique, the concept of social
development was defined and interpreted as the quality of social system through
institutionalization of development ethics, especially “ethics of social development”
in order to achieve “social solidarity (consensus)” and “social equality” for
promoting “life quality level” and enhancing the coefficient of “social security”. In
the end, social development was divided, based on scientific logic of indicatormaking,
into five-fold dimensions as well as sub-dimensions associated with it.
 


Masoud Hajizadeh, Hamed Sayarkhalaj, Kaveh Shokohifar,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

One of the social problems on Yazd is the environment and if this problem cannot be controlled, it becomes a crisis and decreases the outcomes of developmental benefits. This problem is mainly caused by industrial development, geographical, climatic conditions, and dehydration. This paper focuses on the socio-cultural namely cultural capital, religiosity, life style and mass media use with environmental behaviors among citizens in Yazd. This is survey research and the population consisted of citizen in Yazd for whom 384 individuals were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection technique was a questionnaire that has a suitable validity and reliability. The results showed that the environment factor was significantly related to cultural capital and lifestyle. There is a significant difference between men and women in environmental behaviors, too. However, age, marital status, mass media use, religiosity, education and environmental behaviors do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression analysis showed that the adjusted coefficient of determination for all the independent variables was equal to 0.278, meaning that all these variables could explain approximately 28 percent of the variation of the dependent variable (environmental factors).


Ali Shakoori,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

Street labor children have been a new emerging phenomenon as well as a main concern about modern society. Due to the vulnerability of these children, and inability of governments to tackle their mounting problems, an increasing involvement of NGOs in helping these children have recently emerged. Having believed that the best way to deal with the issue of street children is to empower them so that they can live normally, this paper aims to study the role of NGOs in the empowerment of street labor children in Tehran through using a field research method. For this purpose, three dimensions of empowerment, including education, living skills and health were chosen for the study. It was assumed that NGOs initiatives affect the difficult states of the children positively through following both NGOs initiatives and the children socio-economic background. Findings indicated that most of the respondents believed that NGOs activities have had considerable effect on changing wretched conditions of the children. Moreover, the analysis of the data showed that NGOs initiatives are significantly associated with the empowerment of the children. The paper concludes that to enhance the state of the children, the active involvement of NGOs is necessary. Otherwise, they are rarely able to develop themselves, though this involvement should be based on a comprehensive approach. That is, any successful policy or initiative not only should focus on the street children as a very target group, but also on family as a major basis for the children misery and delinquency.


Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.


Masomeh Bagheri, Ali Hossein Hosseinzadeh, Samira Heydari, Masoud Zalizadeh,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

This article aims to examine sociological life satisfaction of citizens above 18 years old and over in Ahvaz .Theoretical framework to explain about the problem and the related sociological perspectives and assumptions used were extracted .This research used a survey method to gather data. In this study, participants of this study were all citizen in Ahvaz, and 384 were set through Cochran's sample size formula. This study was conducted from 1391 to 1392. The results show that all independent variables have a significant relationship with the dependent variable. It also shows that social and economic backgrounds have a significant relationship and 30% of life satisfaction derives from the relations between the two backgrounds.


Mansour Saei, Ahmad Saei, Hayat Saei,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the Factors influencing the social health of teachers (in primary, middle and high school) in Boukan city. According to "the Keyes model", we have measured the rate of social health of the 234 teachers in Boukan city. The results show that the mean of social health between teachers is 62.17 percent. The results also show that the social health among men is more than the social health among women. The results show that the mean of social health among those who have been homeowners is much more than those of tenants. The findings of the study show that with social class promotion, social health is severely diminished. Also, the results show that the more increasing the cultural capital, the better social health. The results indicate that increasing rate of religiosity the social health will also increase.


Mostafa Zhairinia, Taqi Azadarmaki,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

Values are considered the most powerful determinant factor in the cultural and social system of societies and play a crucial role in explaining, controlling, directing and predicting individuals' acts. Therefore, based on the Ronald Inglehart's theory of value transformation, the present paper intends to examine the condition of peoples' value orientation in order to investigate the relationship between social and economical changes and the type of value orientation. The data were obtained from 31 qualitative interview by individuals with the age range of 18 and above in Bandar Abbas. The analysis of the data revealed that 51.6% of respondents had material value orientation, and 41.9% of them have both material and meta material value orientation while only 6.5 % of them have meta material value orientation. Furthermore, the results show that younger individuals, and also individuals with higher education give more priority to meta material values. Therefore, it may be concluded that in the population investigated for this study, people prefer material values because their basic needs have not been fully satisfied. Moreover, it appears that Hormozgan is still experiencing the hard dimension of development and it is still far away from soft dimension of development. In addition, findings of the present study show that there is a relationship between variables such as social trust, social interaction, and universalism and the type of social value orientation.


Reza Fezell, Hossein Rezaii,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between the use of internal and external communications and political participation is Ghyrantkhabaty. The survey method was used to collect the required data from the questionnaire used. The population of the study consisted of all participants with 18 years old from Hamadan in June, 1390. The sample size was 400 and the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used. The results show the average non-electoral political participation. This type of partnership with the mean (0/60 of 4) located on the lower level. The non-electoral political participation shows that the highest average (1/9 of 4) to support items of a person, or a political movement dedicated slightly below the average level and the situation is relatively good. Multivariate linear regression variables with independent variables in this study show that political participation in Ghyrantkhabaty has the highest influence on the dependent variable, which is non-electoral political participation (internal media analysis) and This variable could explain about % 18.4 of the dependent variable space concept.


Soheila Hashemi, Ameneh Hoseinzade, Mohammad Javade Mohmmadi Parsa,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The influence of mass media and the internet on human societies have changed in information societies. Nowadays, the internet is a vital part of the present generation life. Because of the youth and adolescents increasing interest to use this phenomenon in different domains (science, entertainment, commercial affairs and interpersonal relations), its impact on various aspects of their life are considered in this paper. By this technology, the educational system also, has been able to take effective steps towards educational purposes. However, there were watchfully considerations towards using the internet by teenagers. Based on this fact, present study was conducted to measure the impact of the internet on education social goals realization. Afterward, by stratified random sampling method, 362 students were selected among Gorgan female high school students. Subsequently, a researcher-made questionnaire was conducted to collect data. T-test and Pearson-test findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 18. The results demonstrated no significant relation or correlation between the use of the internet and the education social goals realization (three components family relationships, social participations, primacy of communal interests over individual interests).


, ,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Abstract

در این مقاله سعی شده تا جایگاه زنان در برنامه چهارم توسعه بررسی و در مقایسه با سایر برنامه های پیشین مورد واکاوی قرار گیرد. در مرحله بعد، شاخص های توسعه در مدت زمان اجرای برنامه چهارم به کمک داده های ملی و بین المللی مورد مطالعه جنسیتی قرار گرفته تا چگونگی تحقق این برنامه در عمل مشخص شود. این پژوهش با استفاده از روش اسنادی، کتابخانه ای و روش تحلیل داده های مرتبط انجام شده است. اطلاعات در خصوص شاخص های توسعه عمدتا برگرفته از داده های انتشار یافته قابل دسترس مرکز آمار ایران، سازمان بهداشت جهانی، گزارش شکاف جنسیتی مجمع جهانی اقتصاد و نیز بانک جهانی است. مطالعه جنسیتی مفاد برنامه نشان می دهد درحالیکه نقطه تمایز برنامه چهارم توسعه نسبت به برنامه های پیشین، مبتنی بر ایجاد زمینه برای افزایش مشارکت اقتصادی، اجتماعی زنان است، واقعیت امر به گونه دیگری است. به عبارت دیگر اگر چه شاخص های بهداشت و سلامت و نیز آموزش، خصوصا آموزش عالی حکایت از بهبود وضعیت زنان دارد، شاخص های اقتصادی و نیز سیاسی نسبت به برنامه سوم توسعه و نیز انتظارات مندرج در برنامه چهارم، رشد مطلوبی نداشته است. این مهم، در کنار درک برخی استلزامات سیاستگزاری، ضرورت اتخاذ رویکردی استراتژیک در برنامه های کلان معطوف به زنان را برجسته می سازد.


Akbar Aliverdinia, Maryam Sohrabi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

School Bullying is a complex, widespread issue involving students for years however this psychosocial phenomenon has gained attention among researchers from 1980s. Most of the researches on bullying are mainly done by psychological perspective, thus this study tries to highlight the social factors associated with bullying. Given the aim of the study, three of the most famous criminology theories: General theory of crime, Differential association theory and General strain theory (GST) were chosen as the theoretical framework and three types of bullying (verbal, physical & social) were considered. Based on the theories It has been hypothesized that there is a positive correlation between low self control and bullying, differential association and bullying and general strain and bullying. The population of the study consists of all the high school students from first to third grade in Sari's urban area. A total of 410 persons were selected by stratified random sampling proportional to size. The results showed that 7.6 percent of the respondents never involved in bullying. 65.4 percent of students have bullying in low level, 22.2 percent in moderate and 4.9 percent of those in high extents. Also boys bully more than girls. Multiple regression analysis results also show that the variables low Self-control, differential association, and general strain are the strongest predictors of bullying.


Mehdi Hoseinabadi, Ali Asghar Saidi, Mansour Haghighteyan,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

هدف این پژوهش، مطالعه جامعه شناختی رابطه کارگران، کارفرمایان و دولت در تنظیم روابط کار صنعتی است. گفتگوی اجتماعی سه جانبه در روابط کار صنعتی ایران تحقق نیافته و همواره این رابطه درگیر تنش‌های مختلفی بوده است. بررسی این رابطه تنش آمیز (اجتماعی – فرهنگی) در بنگاه های اقتصادی زمینه مطالعات میان رشته ای را فراهم می کند. نظریه های جامعه شناسی به تبیین علل بروز این تنش‌ها از ظهور انقلاب صنعتی تا رشد صنایع در قرن بیستم پرداخته‌اند..مثلا مارکس به تبیین این رابطه از نظر تحلیل طبقاتی پرداخت؛ نظریه پدر سالاری، روابط سازمانی، نظریه حدوث و گفتمان فوکو نیز این رابطه را از زوایای دیگری بررسی نموده‌اند، که راهنما و لنز نظری محقق در توصیف و درک تاریخ معاصر روابط کارگری و کارفرمایی ایران بوده‌اند. این تحقیق به دنبال پاسخ گویی به این سؤال اصلی است که وضعیت گفتگوی اجتماعی در روابط کار صنعتی کنونی ما چگونه است؟ یافته های این تحقیق بر اساس روش تحقیق کیفی چندگانه و از طریق مصاحبه عمیق فردی، گروهی متمرکز جمع آوری شده است. که بیان گر این امرند که در حال حاضر از یک سو وجود تشکل‌های مختلف کارگری و کارفرمایی، ضعف هماهنگی در بین آن‌ها، عدم تمرکز در بین تشکل‌های کارگری و کارفرمایی و نرسیدن به یک دستور مشترک عامل مهمی در عدم برقراری گفتگوی اجتماعی در محیط کار است. از سوی دیگر با استفاده از نظریه گفتمان می‌توان بیان کرد که تولید و درک مختلف معنایی از گفتگوی اجتماعی توسط کنش گران مختلف در روابط کار صنعتی نیز سبب کنش‌های متفاوت و متعارضی شده که گفتگوی اجتماعی را با چالش مواجه کرده است. نگرش پدرسالارانه کارفرمایان به کارگران وجود گفتگوی اجتماعی را به ضرر منافع جمعی دانسته، تشکلات مختلف کارگری نیز قادر نبودند حول مساله مشترک خود به اجماع برسند و همین امر موجب طرد گفتگوی اجتماعی شده است، همچنین منفعت طلبی کارفرمایان سبب شده تا هیچ تفویض اقتداری از سوی آن‌ها به کارگران در محیط کار صورت نگیرد، به نظر می‌رسد که کنش‌های دو طرف بر اساس اصل کنش عقلانی و منافع جمعی انعکاس یافته، اصل گفتگوی اجتماعی را نقض و به جای اینکه هر دو طرف بخشی از منافع خود را معطوف به طرف دیگر نماید تا منافع مشترک به حداکثر برسد، در صدد به حداکثر رساندن منافع خود هستند، پدیده ای که به آن تنش و تضاد در روابط سازمانی و صنعتی گفته می‌شود


Leila Rasouli, Ashkan Bayat,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

Tehran's distressed areas due to the lack of flexibility with unimaginable speed of socio-economic changes, technology changes and etc. lost their effectiveness over time. And now has faced with various problems such as environmental degradation and spatial qualities, physical exhaustion and social issues. These problems caused by spatial streams that producing locational discrimination. Therefore, the causes of Distressed Areas of Tehran should be examined under the spatial factors and relationships. Accordingly, the aim of study was to evaluate the impact of the production and distribution of urban space in spatial injustice of Tehran Deteriorated Areas. This study is analytical and the study question is causal question. The research methodology is analytical and research approach is structural.Because they basically pay attention to multiple representations of social reality. To investigate the spatial interactions of Urban Distressed Areas, we should return to the beginning of changes from feudal mode of production into the capitalist mode of production in country. Production process of studied distressed areas have been made gradually after the changes. So, the effect of spatial elements in the formation of Location discrimination and Tehran distressed areas should be considered to extracting mechanism of spatial injustice manufacturer. In general it can be concluded that the spatial streams over time aggravate unfair allocation of resources (which causes the formation of urban decay), and have increased spatial changes speed. Since the low-income groups because of the lack of power and knowledge, don’t have ability to adapt and take advantage of the caused situation to increase the resources, in location, are enclosed with spatial streams. Distressed area of Tehran is one of these places.


Dr Zohreh Gharibian, Professor Abdolvahed Shemalov, Dr. Gholamreza Khoshfar,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

With purpose of determining tendency difference towards national identity based on belonging to ethnic minorities, the research tries to answer following question: is national identity tends to be based on different ethnic groups? The research is a descriptive – survey research. Statistical population consists of all students studying in Azad and State Universities in center of Golestan Province. According to the latest statistics, their number was 83110 persons. Cochran formula was used to determine sample volume. After removing incomplete questionnaire, obtained data from 430 participants were analyzed. Under – studied statistical sample was selected using random stratified sampling method. Needed data was collected using researcher – made questionnaire. Validity of tools was measured using nominal validity method and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach' Alpha which consist of 785/0respectively. Data analysis was conducted in two inferential and descriptive levels. The results indicate that behavioral dimension of national identity in students is higher than other dimensions (cognitive and emotional dimensions), but average indicator indicate that totally students' tendency towards national identity is in high level (4.118 of 5). Comparing ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity indicated that there is not a significant difference between ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity. Trivial differences show that Kurdish students have the maximum tendency, while Lor students have the minimum one, after Kurds, Turks and Turkmen. Persians are ranked in fifth rating and Sistani's are placed close to Persians as a lingual group. Ranking students' tendency in terms of study field indicated that there is a significant difference in this regard, so that the student studying in the fields of technical and engineering and then basic sciences have the maximum tendency, while the students in the fields of medical sciences and agricultural sciences are placed in last ratings.


Dr. Mohammad Taghi Abbasi Shavazi, Mr. Farshad Karami,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

In contemporary sociological debates, the concept of social capital is as a rich theoretical concept with e dense research findings and Because of its association with different dimensions of development in the society, social and political policymakers have focused on investigation of its role on development. With this regard, the aim of the survey is to study the association between participation in religious communities and social capital among residents in Shiraz city. Using multi-stage cluster sampling method 410 participants (196 male, 214 female) randomly selected and answered to the questionnaire. The results show between participation in religious communities and the different dimensions of social capital such as social cohesion, inter-group trust and institutional trust there is a significant positive correlation, except social participation findings also show that correlation with institutional trust is stronger than other dimensions. This means that with increased participation in religious communities, participant's social capital increases. The investigators suggest future research to analyze the content of the messages in religious communities can also affect different dimension of social capital.


Khadijeh Keshavarz,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

After the 1979 Revolution, women in the field of public and higher education achieved substantial improvement. However, employment statistics show that their economic participation has not changed much compared to the pre-revolution era. While considering the mission of higher education, the objective of this article is trying to understand this gap and to seek ways of reducing it. The research method is based on the study of the gap through documents and interviews with educated or working women and professionals. The study concludes by stressing on the most important reasons of this disparity which could be: little transfer of skills when entering the labor market, weak professional identity among girls, as well as structural discrimination based on gender division of labor in society.


Seyed Ali Hoseini, Ali Ahmadi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

Many studies have investigated the development issue but none focused on the economic development. The role of culture in development is proposed as one of the subjects connected to development as well.This studyis based on the Analytic-Applied research method and the numerical taxonomy usedTopsis models to analyze the results. The required data were collected using the filed study and reviewing the existing literature. Totally, 48 indices are considered to evaluate the cultural development coefficient in Hormozgan Province. The results indicate that Hormozgan is culturally underdeveloped.Based on the Topsis model, results show that the highest and lowest development coefficients are 0.54 (Abomosa) and 0.03(Khamir), respectively. Also, according to the cultural indices estimated by Numerical Taxonomy model, the highest and lowest development coefficient measured 0.66(Bandarabas) and 1.07(Khamir), respectively.Many studies have investigated the development issue but none focused on the economic development. The role of culture in development is proposed as one of the subjects connected to development as well.This studyis based on the Analytic-Applied research method and the numerical taxonomy usedTopsis models to analyze the results. The required data were collected using the filed study and reviewing the existing literature. Totally, 48 indices are considered to evaluate the cultural development coefficient in Hormozgan Province. The results indicate that Hormozgan is culturally underdeveloped.Based on the Topsis model, results show that the highest and lowest development coefficients are 0.54 (Abomosa) and 0.03(Khamir), respectively. Also, according to the cultural indices estimated by Numerical Taxonomy model, the highest and lowest development coefficient measured 0.66(Bandarabas) and 1.07(Khamir), respectively.


Hamid Rahimi, Asieh Mohammadian,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

The purpose of this research was to analyzesimple and multiple relationships between social capital and moral intelligence with the responsibility in students at University of Kashan. Research type was descriptive correlative. The statistical population consisted of 7132 students in Universities of Kashan in an academic year 2014-2015.Cocran Formula from the 2700 was used to choose 258 students through the stratified randomized sampling.The instrument used forgathering information were a moral intelligence questionnaire with 40 items in 3 component (honest, forgiveness & compassion), social capital questionnaire with 24 items in 4 components (social partnership, social integration, social belongings& social trust) and a responsibility questionnaire with 42 items in 5 components (self-management, trusteeship, dutiful, organizing & progressivism) based on 5 likert scales. The validity of Questionnaires was confirmed by experts. Through Cronbach alpha coefficient, reliability coefficients were obtained equal to 0.83 for moral intelligence, 0.87 for social capital and 0.91 for responsibility. Data analyses were used in level inferential statistics (correlation, t-test, regression) through SPSS and Amos software’s. Finding showed mean of moral intelligence, social capital and responsibility components are bigger than average (3). There are positive and significant relationship between all of components moral intelligence and social capital with responsibility.

, ,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Jeans are the popular garments worn by men and women from different ages in Iran. For religious Iranian garments, Jeans have special meaning in the mind.Meanwhile, it seems to have some values of Americanization and Westernization. The main hypotheses of this study are: 1. Religious have used American jeans. 2. Religious Iranians have used Jeans with different colors, models and Brands. 3. The meaning of Jeans wearing is different in different locations. This research questions is, "why do the religious Iranians follow Western values in their garments that are against their own values?" This research is based on the book by John Fiske for understanding popular culture. Qualitative research method and in-depth interview as the technique of research used by the author. Participants have been selected from two areas in East and North West of Tehran's mosques. They were asked of their meanings of wearing jeansthrough the interview. For example, people who attended in SharakeGharb Grand Mosque used more original brandJeans than those who were interviewed in Resalat Mosque who Frequently have been wearing fake Jeans. Jean's Connotations for Jean wearers in SharakeGharb Grand Mosque was fashion, modern, high class personality and for jean wearers in Resalat Mosque was just an ordinary clothing, just because of fashion and durability. Finally, none of the participants considered Jeans as a popular American goods.
 


ِdr Farhaf Nosrati Nejad, Mr Ayoub Sakhaei, Mr Hojat Sharifi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Abstract Problem Statement: Happiness is one of the major psychological needs of humankind and because of its significant influence on the life of humans, it has always drawn the attentions. Happiness is the primary material for transformation, revolution and evolution of human life and is subject to several social factors. Among the social factorsinfluencing the happiness levels of the youth, social capitaland its dimensions may be mentioned. Thus present paper seeks to study the relationship between social capital of the youth and their level of happiness. Methodology: present study used a survey technique and a random sample of 384 young people in the age range of 18-30 in Tehran city in 2014. Data collection instrument was a researcher-developed questionnaire which had face and construct validity (KMO = 0.81) and a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Findings of Pearson’s correlation test showed that there was a direct significant and positive relationship betweensocial capital andits dimensions and happiness level. The extent of social participation had the most strong relationship (r=0.548) with happiness followed by social trust(r =0.435) and social cohesion (r =0.331). Results: results of the present research suggested that social capital dimensions accounted for 25 percent of variance in happiness in a way that social participation and social cohesion respectively had themost and the least influence on happiness also amongbackground variables, age and marital status had significantrelationships with happiness.



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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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