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Showing 37 results for Media

Susan Bastani, Fatemeh Lolaie,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
Abstract

The main goal of this paper is to study the effect of media use especially the Internet on political behavior of Tehran University students. To this end, the effect of Internet use is investigated not only by considering the amount of access, the utilized online sources for the news-seeking, etc., but also through the effects of environmental and cognitive elements.

Population of this study is composed of students from Tehran University divided into 4 groups of Humanities, the Arts, Engineering, and Sciences. Data was collected using the survey method through conducting 295 structured, face-to-face interviews.

Findings show that the Internet is used more frequently than other media for tracking political news, with nearly 90 percent of respondents indicating that they use the Internet for the purpose of finding political news. Participation in the demonstrations among non-traditional political behaviors, and voting in elections among traditional political behaviors are more common among the students than the other political activities. The results of structural equation modeling show that the effect of media news exposure on political behavior is through the intermediate variable of political efficacy.



Seyedmehdi Etemadifard,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
Abstract

"Dispute" is the most basic forms of human communication that occurs under various circumstances. The main issue addressed in this paper is quality of disputes and their solutions that are mediated by generations. After reviewing the conceptual aspects, various theories have been proposed. Question model based on theoretical rudiments were designed. The main method to collect field data is in-depth interviews by various people living in Tehran that belongs to younger age (15 to 29 years), middle-aged (30 to 49 years) and elderly generations (50 years old and up) in two groups: men and women. More than forty-five interviews in this area have been collected and analyzed. Based on the information obtained, generational experiences have main role in formation of subjectivity, modes of dispute-confrontation and their strategies of solutions in various social positions. Younger generations because of their socialization and norms that gradually learning choose more faster and ejective strategies. While later generations with diverse experiences gained over the time lead to solving disputes by neglect, passivity or reform. Thus generation is a major mediator in Iranian social relations especially in dispute-confrontations.


,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (11-2013)
Abstract

Science and technology has provided in communications new tools for Actors in the International System. Media in the field of psychological warfare are the best and most modern propaganda tool for the realization of the goals of Western Countries. After the Revolution, United State of America due to blocked channels formal diplomatic, has used propaganda tools, in particular against the Islamic Republic of Iran. USA use propaganda against Iran through VOA TV and Radio channels and Radio Farda. Now Voice ofAmericaTV, every day, 5 hours, produces diversified and effective programs witha focus onnews from Iran. Parasite program is the most interesting (according to its practitioners) its programs. This research uses the content analysis method for investigating the program.

The result of this research showed that themes in the program are indivisible in three political, social and economic contexts.  Techniques such create division and conflict division and conflict (6%), Sweeping generalizations (some true), encouragement and Card stacking each with5% where the most using
, ,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (11-2013)
Abstract

Health messages design is a field and subset of health communication area. What is actually followed in this thesis is a review of TV health messages appeals effects from audiences’ point of view. The Important question of research is that how media products and its health related programs through various appeals lead in behavior changes.

In this study, health messages refer to direct or indirect messages which discuss people’s personal and social health. Since health message design is a subset of the broad area of health communication definition of health communication is mentioned at first. Then the main topic of this research has been mentioned. After discussing health message related literature, related communication theories are mentioned and finally the theoretical framework of research is defined as “The Extended Parallel Process Model”.

To measure Tehran’s above15-years old inhabitants’ attitudes toward health messages and TV health related programs, the survey method of research has been chosen and after designing questionnaire, and   distributing among inhabitants of Tehran. The most important result of this research is that TV health messages are not adequate to make behavior changes in personals, and interpersonal communication has a complementary and powerful role in adopting recommended TV health messages.


, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
Abstract

The main objective of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting on high school students' cultural deviance in Fereydunkenar City.

The method employed in the present study is a cross-sectional survey research and for collecting the data, a researcher-made questionnaire is used. The population of the research consists of high school students of Fereydunkenar City. The sample size was evaluated to be equal as 300 participants using Cochran formula and the sampling was conducted using multi-stage cluster sampling. The findings of the research indicate that using satellites and using the Internet have positive and significant correlation with cultural deviance. However, the correlation of the variables of bonding with family and bonding with religion is negative and significant. The results of standard coefficients in structural equations indicate that the variables of using satellites with 0.43, using the Internet with 0.26, bonding with family with -0.26 and bonding with religion with -0.23 respectively have the most effects on the variable of cultural deviance. In addition, the independent variables of the research explain about 44 percents of the variations of cultural deviance
, ,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
Abstract

This paper is based on path analysis of effective factors in media socialization, based on the five models in theory of V. Schramm. The population is audiences of media’s message of 18-years old and up in city of Zanjan, 227,790 people. Sample is368 people, based on method multi-stage cluster sampling& quota. Findings based on the Pearson correlation coefficient indicates that process of media socialization in cyberspace, especially in the area of advertisements internet & satellite networks, the was male audiences also high motivation follow & also are high attitude of advertisements. Meanwhile, there are not significant differences between male & female audiences of media persuasion, economical value, selection of adverts advertising. In the case of multiple regression & path analysis of factors Affecting audiences media socialization, for goodness of fit of the theoretical model, based on value of beta 64% of change in audiences media socialization, depends with increasing of media persuasion, increasing of motivation follow, depreciation of economical value, increasing of adverts selection & increasing of attitude of advertisements, between the female audiences in city of Zanjan living in Housing Impersonal, With High-Volume Sampling of Households.
, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

The present research seeks to study the impact of media consumption (local and satellite televisions) on the social trust. The population of the study is all of the enrolled students of Mazandaran University which 400 students through proportionate stratified sampling method have been selected as sample of the study. The required data has been gathered by self administered questionnaire and data were analyzed via SPSS software. Research findings indicate that while there is no significant relationship between watching local TV and social trust, watching satellite TV is related to social trust, negatively. Moreover, some variables such as the participation in voluntary associations, reciprocity norms, positive attitude toward law administration, and justice feeling all were positively related to social trust. In addition, the results of multiple regression analysis indicate that after the variable of justice feeling which has the most significant impact on the social trust, the variable of reciprocity norms is placed in the next ranking.

 


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Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

Thisstudy investigatesthe impact ofthe Internet onMulticulturalIdentityamongUniversity Students. The main objectiveof thisresearch istheoretical and empiricalstudy ofthe relationship between theInternet andMulticulturalIdentity.In order toachieve this objective, Stuart Hall's theory about Media Communication andMulticulturalIdentityand Manuel Castells' theory about the Internet andNetworkSociety, are studied as Theoretical Framework of Research.The populationstudiedincludes the studentsof Kashan State University and Kashan Medical Sciences Universityin 2013-14 school year (Equivalent to 9540people), that amongthis population, using Cochran's formula, 380people are selected, as theSampleSize. The results of hypotheses tests of this study suggest that there is meaningful and directcorrelations between the variable of Multicultural Identity and the variables of Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet, Proficient inthe use ofinternet, The UseofInternet Scientific Sites,The Use ofInternetArtSites, Shopping Internet Cultural Goods and The Use ofVirtualSocial Networks. Also, the results of theRegression Analysis, shows direct impact of the variables of Social Virtual Networks, The Use ofInternetArtSites and Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet onthe variable of Multicultural Identity.


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

Thisstudy investigatesthe impact ofthe Internet onMulticulturalIdentityamongUniversity Students. The main objectiveof thisresearch istheoretical and empiricalstudy ofthe relationship between theInternet andMulticulturalIdentity.In order toachieve this objective, Stuart Hall's theory about Media Communication andMulticulturalIdentityand Manuel Castells' theory about the Internet andNetworkSociety, are studied as Theoretical Framework of Research.The populationstudiedincludes the studentsof Kashan State University and Kashan Medical Sciences Universityin 2013-14 school year (Equivalent to 9540people), that amongthis population, using Cochran's formula, 380people are selected, as theSampleSize. The results of hypotheses tests of this study suggest that there is meaningful and directcorrelations between the variable of Multicultural Identity and the variables of Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet, Proficient inthe use ofinternet, The UseofInternet Scientific Sites,The Use ofInternetArtSites, Shopping Internet Cultural Goods and The Use ofVirtualSocial Networks. Also, the results of theRegression Analysis, shows direct impact of the variables of Social Virtual Networks, The Use ofInternetArtSites and Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet onthe variable of Multicultural Identity.


Sharareh Mehdizadeh, Fatemeh Rezaei,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

This article is about emphasizing of Grbner, Festinger and Giddens, looks into the relationship between the rate of watching TV, program type, attitude to face and the appearance of women in the management bodies and its link with the satellite with the body match, self-esteem and friends’ and family’ attitude. For this purpose, the samples of 410 young women from 18 to 29 years from Tehran, and using a three-stage cluster sampling was selected. Research methodology in this study was survey used for data collection. The results of the data analysis showed that the effect of the existence of a significant relationship between the watch and the type of attitude and between the appearance of women in the satellite and the management of the body. Also, the findings indicate that there is a relationship between the attitude of the guys with satisfaction and body management. Also self-esteem also has a relationship with the consent of the body.
Masoud Hajizadeh, Hamed Sayarkhalaj, Kaveh Shokohifar,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

One of the social problems on Yazd is the environment and if this problem cannot be controlled, it becomes a crisis and decreases the outcomes of developmental benefits. This problem is mainly caused by industrial development, geographical, climatic conditions, and dehydration. This paper focuses on the socio-cultural namely cultural capital, religiosity, life style and mass media use with environmental behaviors among citizens in Yazd. This is survey research and the population consisted of citizen in Yazd for whom 384 individuals were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection technique was a questionnaire that has a suitable validity and reliability. The results showed that the environment factor was significantly related to cultural capital and lifestyle. There is a significant difference between men and women in environmental behaviors, too. However, age, marital status, mass media use, religiosity, education and environmental behaviors do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression analysis showed that the adjusted coefficient of determination for all the independent variables was equal to 0.278, meaning that all these variables could explain approximately 28 percent of the variation of the dependent variable (environmental factors).


Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.


Reza Fezell, Hossein Rezaii,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between the use of internal and external communications and political participation is Ghyrantkhabaty. The survey method was used to collect the required data from the questionnaire used. The population of the study consisted of all participants with 18 years old from Hamadan in June, 1390. The sample size was 400 and the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used. The results show the average non-electoral political participation. This type of partnership with the mean (0/60 of 4) located on the lower level. The non-electoral political participation shows that the highest average (1/9 of 4) to support items of a person, or a political movement dedicated slightly below the average level and the situation is relatively good. Multivariate linear regression variables with independent variables in this study show that political participation in Ghyrantkhabaty has the highest influence on the dependent variable, which is non-electoral political participation (internal media analysis) and This variable could explain about % 18.4 of the dependent variable space concept.


Soheila Hashemi, Ameneh Hoseinzade, Mohammad Javade Mohmmadi Parsa,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The influence of mass media and the internet on human societies have changed in information societies. Nowadays, the internet is a vital part of the present generation life. Because of the youth and adolescents increasing interest to use this phenomenon in different domains (science, entertainment, commercial affairs and interpersonal relations), its impact on various aspects of their life are considered in this paper. By this technology, the educational system also, has been able to take effective steps towards educational purposes. However, there were watchfully considerations towards using the internet by teenagers. Based on this fact, present study was conducted to measure the impact of the internet on education social goals realization. Afterward, by stratified random sampling method, 362 students were selected among Gorgan female high school students. Subsequently, a researcher-made questionnaire was conducted to collect data. T-test and Pearson-test findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 18. The results demonstrated no significant relation or correlation between the use of the internet and the education social goals realization (three components family relationships, social participations, primacy of communal interests over individual interests).


, , , ,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Abstract

This study examines factors influencing tendencies to hijab between citizens of Gorgan. In this context, the authors seek to answer the question, what is the tendency of the hijab between citizens of Gorgan and what factors affect it? Due to this question in the context of this study, several hypotheses have been formed and different theories have been used in the veiling, to explain it. The main ideas in this section are used, the ideas in the framework of economic, social, demographic, cultural etc are raised. To collect data for this study a questionnaire was used. The study sample consisted of 626 citizens of Gorgan and sampling method is random. Results based on questionnaire data show cultural, social, familial, personal, and economic factors sorted by importance, have positively significant correlation with the tendency to hijab, and among the seven underlying variables, age, income, integrity and consumption of media sort by importance, has significant positive or negative correlation with the tendency to hijab. So, the integrity and age have positive correlation, and consumption of media and income have negative correlation and underlying variables of trust, social class, and education has no significant correlation with the tendency to hijab. 


,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Abstract

This article primarily aims to present research-based evidence to examine the main gender characteristics associated with socialization. It focuses on three aspects of socialization: gender socialization, religious socialization, and national socialization. Using the symbolic interaction theory and the socialization theory, this article particularly explores the construction and representation of gender identity through Iran’s educational system. According to the findings of this study, the dominance of male gender is the key pattern and a visible observation which applies to all aspects of socialization considered in this analysis. This provides further research-based evidence to support the existing knowledge in which the masculine hegemony is taken for granted in the society and economy, a principal pattern that is also internalized and transformed through educational media from generation to generation. 


, , ,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Under the influence of urbanization, socio-cultural and economic factors diversity change of the people lifestyle. Preferences of people demonstrated in leisure activities, clothing, nutrition, body management, architecture and interior layout is smart homes. This study aimed to examine social factors, cultural and economic impact on the lifestyle of the inhabitants of the villages has become a city in Khorasan Razavi Province khaf and Roshtkhar done. Theoretical research is based on theories of Ibn-Khaldun, Bourdieu, Giddens and Cheney have been developed. Survey and Data has built a questionnaire. The results show that lifestyle changes in Nashtifan and Salami influenced by cultural factors and economic factors have caused in Jangal. The test research hypotheses show that among participation of social, political and administrative organizations, ways and means of communication network, the spirit of individualism, identity and relationships, indirect and secondary classes as agents of social, cultural and educational facilities, media consumption and cultural capital as cultural factors, consumerism, shopping, tend to speculative interests, fading support joint economic prosperity as economic and lifestyle factors, there is a significant relationship.


Reza Dehbanipor, Yasin Khorampour,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)
Abstract

Abstract:

Postmodernism is a new course that all components of modern and tradition also criticizes period. The virtual world is post-modern culture and media culture in this type of culture, cultural uncertainty disappears and media superficiality of thought is deeply social activists. Theories of postmodernism in the android market is growing strongly in our society. Yet empirical research was done in our community about postmodernism. The study of postmodern society that express the cultural elements of which experts are and which of these elements have penetrated into Iranian society. The research survey of 384 young people 29-16 years of Yazd examined. The survey instrument was a questionnaire and multi-stage cluster sampling was used. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between gender and post-modernism, post-modernism, even though some of the components of a meaningful relationship established with sex. There was no relationship between place of birth and post-modernism. The use of satellite and postmodernism, there was a positive and significant relationship. Variable use of satellites as well as 17% of the variance in the independent variable is explained.


Esfandiar Ghafarinasab, Seyyed Ebrahim Mosavat, Mohammad A. Ghaseminejad, Ahmad Alayi,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)
Abstract

National identity is a subjective sense of belonging to a specific national group, which is accompanied by a complex set of cognitions and emotions that express one attitudes towards this  group and other national groups.This study aims to study the social  and cultural factors related to national identity among over 15 year old citizes of Eghlid by the theory of  Castells as theoretical framework. The  method of this study was quantitative survey with questionnaire. 400 young people (over 15 year old) in Eghlid city by multistage cluster sampling were elected and were analyzed. The validity of questionnaire by face validity were obtained and reliability of research was verified by Cronbach's Alpha.Base on findings among 8  hypotheses in the study, 7 hypotheses were verified. Multivariate regression has shown that rate of religiosity (22 percent), age (6  percent), the communicative network expansion (5 percent) and rate of using media (3  percent) have explained 36  percent of the variations of dependent variable (national identity). 


Yazdan Karimi Monjarmoei, Mahnaz Farahmand,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)
Abstract

Vandalism is one of deviations of the modern society caused by rapid social changes, the growth of anomie, growing desires of humans, and their frustration at failing to satisfy such desires. Sociologically, vandalism is defined as the malicious behavior involving deliberate destruction of, or damage to, public or private property. This survey aimed to study the social factors affecting vandalism. The statistical population consisted of youth aged 15-20 in Lordegan, Iran. A total of 360 were enrolled as the sample using the Morgan table. Multistage cluster sampling was employed. Data were collected using the (Javaher Chian, Master thesis in sociology, 2013) Standard Questionnaire. Data were then analyzed using the descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression method. Findings showed that use of mass media, association with offenders, and alienation had a positive, significant relationship with the dependent variable. Social bond, however, had an inverse, significant relationship with the dependent variable. The results of multiple regression method showed that, in total, independent variables explained 21.6% of dependent variable variance.



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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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