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Showing 14 results for Culture

, ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)

Assessment of cultural necessities as a major step toward cultural development planning, equanimity realization and improvement of social relations is taken into account. The method of the current study is surveying in which questionnaires are used for collecting needed information. In this survey, 720 above 15 years old peoples in Kashan are sampled according to the Cochran formula. Superficial credit, detecting factor analysis method and Kronbakh alpha factor are used for validating this survey. According to the measured detecting factor analysis, studied necessities were divided into four groups: cultural-social, scientific-instructional, religious and sportive-artificial. Maximum and minimum values belong to cultural-social necessities with 37.11% average and religious necessities with 15.01% respectively. The rest are in between. Average of cultural-social, scientific-instructional and religious necessities differ with the gender, as women necessities average is more than that of the men. Cultural-social and sportive-artificial necessities averages are different based on habitat, so those who live in villages have more necessities. There is no difference in the other necessities. Although no relation is seen between education and religious and sportive-artificial necessities, education has reverse relation with cultural-social and scientific-instructional necessities. Eventually, artificial-sportive necessities are only increased with increasing the age of people and there is no relation between the age of the people and the rest of the necessities.

Likewise, in prioritization of the studied patterns, family is the first, friends, teachers, instructors, clergy and Islamic characters are the second and the other characters (artificial, sportive, political, actors and foreign sportsman, classmates …) are the third priority according to the respondents’ opinions.

, ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)

During transition from a familiar environment to a strange environment, people would encounter with different challenges in an intercultural environment. They would realize the behavior patterns, attitudes and cultural values ​​which are acceptable in their own familiar environment, may not be accepted in other environments. In order to reduce the uncertainty caused by cultural differences, individuals should be aware of cultural diversity and should reinforce the ability to communicate with people from different cultures in their boost. These types of behaviors emanate from people’s cultural intelligence and can be an indicator for the ability to adapt to a new cultural environment.

The purpose of this study is to consider the role of cultural intelligence in cross-cultural adjustment and job performance in organizations. After reviewing the theoretical literature, the conceptual model is developed. Data is collected through questionnaires and based on the results of the data analysis, cultural intelligence, culture shock and cultural adjustment are presented as factors affecting performance in organizations. Finally, based on considering aspects of each concept, practical suggestions for improving performance in organizations are presented.

, , ,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)

Present study examined the status of culture of Sport and Youth Organization of Northern Khorasan and determine its relationship with Organizational Identity. This study, in terms of purpose is applied and in terms of data collection is descriptive - correlation. research statistical population was all of the employee of  sport and youth organization of northern khorasan with 105 persons that all individuals comments were taken. Research instruments including: organizational culture- denison and organizational identity- mael & ashforth. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and Enter- regression test . Results revealed that there is posetive significant relation between organizational culture and its dimensions with organizational identity. Furthermore, the results indicate that the organizational culture variables can significantly predict the changes of corporate identity. Also Results suggest that organizational culture in all four dimensions is greater than the average. Based on the research findings can be expected with improve of  statuse of organizational culture, organizational identity of people will increase.

, , Javad Aghamohammadi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)

Cultural development is the development of both disability and development, so that other aspects of the development of the field has emerged and is leading the way toward growth and perfection. The Islamic religious community and the cultural values ​​of the teachings of the divine nature constitute, religion and culture are closely interwoven and religion, the heart and pulse of culture and Muslim religious communities. In other words, Islam as a comprehensive religion and culture unit in particular, to respond to all human needs and their claims of life for all human beings. The aim of this study claims that utilizes the spiritual atmosphere and an insight into Islamic religious texts such as the Nahj and using strategic criteria and cultural components proposed by the High Council of Cultural Revolution, the theoretical study and the development of goals and indicators cultural excellence in the light of the words of Imam Ali (as) there. In the field of library and documentation based on, and inspired by the sermons, letters and sayings of Imam Ali (PBUH) remaining index of morality, rationality, justice, identity, capital and social order, unity and solidarity. , intellectual independence and national cultural goods and services, physical and mental health, international relations, human dignity and freedom and family explained, and it was obvious, with the flow of religious teachings in the Muslim culture, Islamic community certainly true glory to establish and to higher stages of development will achieve spiritual and material dimensions.

Saieed Mortazavi, Davood Khani,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)

The relationship between technology and cultural context is considered by many scholars. Whereas managers as part of their duties, develop organizationschr('39') technology, analysis of environmental changes can help them predict the dominant technology. In this study, whilst introduce the different approaches of relationship between technology and culture, different aspects of this relationship and the intricacies of this process has been studied library. Historical trends indicate that the interaction of culture and technological developments. Opposition of Cultural elements of the "Heritage" and "technology" is at the heart of this interaction. Role of government decisions and policies of traditional intellectuals and ideology in the balance of this contrast is undeniable. In this study, in a model inputs and outputs of the technological development in the short and long term has been identified and "Birth to decline" process of a technological style in a cultural context has been studied Which can be used to improve the cultural policies of industrialized countries.

Mahmoodreza Rahbargazi, Mr Saied Gashool, Mr Hossein Arabian, Mrs Soheyla Ashnayi,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)

This article by using the Almond and Verba the political culture, political culture as Ryshh¬Ha and principles of participatory political culture Tby- gives studied. The approach of this paper, sociological approach is thus rooted cultural and social-political culture degree discussed. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of social capital on the political culture of citizens in the city Isfahan respectively. The research methodology used in collecting and analyzing data, survey respectively. This study was conducted on 359 residents of the city, for gathering information, using a questionnaire which its validity, the validity, and reliability, using Cronbachchr('39')s alpha Marh¬ and data SPSS22 were analyzed through software under Windows environment. Social capital is divided into three variables (cognitive social capital, social capital and social capital structure), with regard to the participatory political culture that Hmbstgy¬ They are observed significant cognitive social capital among respondents participatory political culture there. In this regard, the results show that social capital Shakhtar on participatory political culture influence and increase their participation in the political culture in throughput.

Atiyeh Safardoust, Maryam Mohammad Rozesara, Mohammad Naghizadeh, Manochehr Manteghi,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)

In the process of technology transfer are many elements that affect the effectiveness of this process. One of these cases, organizational culture. Organizational culture that affect from national culture can underlie the success or failure of the technology transfer process. For this purpose this study examined, the role of organizational culture based on Hofstedechr('39')s framework in the effectiveness of technology transfer. Accordingly, in order to check the model, managers and experts in technology-oriented companies that have experience of participation in international technology transfer, particularly  as Statistical population were examined. A total of 89 managers and experts in various fields of technology transfer as the study samples were analyzed. Findings of the hypothesis reflects the role of organizational culture on technology transfer (to determine the success and failure). The results also showed that Normative/pragmatic and open/closed system are the most role in the effectiveness of technology transfer.

Dr Mohammad Mahmoodi, Mr Vahid Ghafari,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)

Mostly present study is to examine another dimension of accounting concerning the fields other than financial ones in line with achieving main goal of the companies namely profit the dimension may include company responsibility in relation to environment , work place , community , market , capital and country . So we examined the relation between , organizational culture , management tenure and financial performance of the companies in the companieschr('39') social responsibility accounting . This study was done by questionnaire according to Likert scale among 120 companies listed in Tehran stock exchange in financial years : 2010 – 2012 . The test concerning the study hypotheses indicated that there is a positive and significant relation between organizational culture, management tenure and financial performance of the companies in environment , work place , community , market , capital and country in proportion to the companieschr('39') social responsibility and all the hypotheses were confirmed in the confidence rate of 95 percent

Dr Asadollah Babaiefard,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)

In this study, using the Network Analysis, the topic of Development and Underdevelopment in Iran, has been studied, with Historical-Experimental Approach and using Secondary Analysis of Empirical Findings. This study is based on analysis of some National Surveys, particular, a National Survey on Iranians Cultural Behaviors and two National Surveys on Iranians Values ​​and Attitudes, which have been conducted, respectively, in the years 1999, 2000 and 2003. Overall, our findings suggest that there are relationships between variables of Social Capital, Social Development. Our assumption in this study was that Lack of Social Capital has led to Lack of Social Development, and this phenomenon, in turn, can play an important role in Underdevelopment of Society. These findings suggest that in terms of some important elements of Social Development, such as Trust in Social Groups, Social Participation, Commitment to the Social Values ​​and Norms, Belonging to National Identity and Culture in Iranian Society, the situation is not desirable. In our opinion, the lack of Social Development would lead to Underdevelopment of Society. Consequently, if we want to achieve the goal of Comprehensive Development of Society, we should provide required backgrounds to increase the levels of Social Capital, and consequently, Social Development.

Maryam Moosivand, Majid Hamidi Jahed, Pouria Ataei, Ali Safaei Shakib,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)

One of the main roles of universities is entrepreneurship culture development among students. Accordingly, the aim of this study was investigating influence of internal factors in university on the entrepreneurial culture development among agricultural students of Hamedan Universities. This descriptive research has done by survey method and questionnaire instrument. Research population were included agricultural students of Bu-Ali Sina, Payam Noor and Applied Science Universities (640 students) that selected 160 students as study sample based on Cochran formula. Findings showed that variable suitable creating conditions only have not significant effect among seven factors of internal factors in university. Also, creativity culture had the most impact on entrepreneurial culture. Also, conceptual model of study was good fitness. In finally, according to results, some recommendations have presented at the end of article.

Sajjad Moeinfar, Sajjad Moeinfar, , Parviz Alizadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (11-2017)

The aim of this research is Survey of the social factors influenced at the tendency of citizens to street violence (case study: the city of Urmia).In the present study, The most important applied theories include social disorganization theory of Shaw and McKay, Bandurachr('39')s social learning, Yuval Davis, Gessen (victimization), Durkheimchr('39')s anomie, social control Hirsch. The research methodology is a survey method. Urmia citizens’ are as statistical population of this research that 428 citizenship of them, selected as sample bye two steps clusters sampling . In order to collect data, researcher-made questionnaire have been used. The reliability of questionnaire has been estimated in selection as 0.85. And for the validity of construct validity was used. In order to analyze data Pearson correlation and step wise regression were applied . The main results include that there is a significant and direct and positive relation between street violence with Fading of religious beliefs, decline of morality in popular culture, Lack of ethics in relations between authorities, Lack of proper execution of laws by responsible organizations, Non-observance of traffic norms, Drawing attention, Victimization, Loss of social capital, ethnicity. Result of Stepwise regression analysis showed that citezens’  street violence is more under effect of Victimization.

Dr Mahmoudreza Rahbarghazi, Mrs Somayeh Motamedi, Mrs Azam Shahriyari,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (11-2017)

این تحقیق به بررسی ارتباط بین شبکه اجتماعی با دو نوع مشارکت سیاسی منفعلانه و فعالانه بر اساس مدل­ میانجی­ای می پردازد که در آن بحث سیاسی، اثربخشی سیاسی و فرهنگ سیاسی به عنوان متغیرهای میانجی درنظر گرفته شده­اند. جامعه مورد بررسی کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه اصفهان می باشدکه از طریق روش نمونه گیری سهمیه­ای به تعداد 390 نفر انتخاب شدند. با تقسیم مشارکت سیاسی به دو نوع منفعلانه و فعالانه نتایج نشان داد در حالیکه مدت زمان عضویت در شبکه­های اجتماعی تاثیر منفی­ای بر روی بحث سیاسی و اثربخشی سیاسی می­گذارند، اما عمیق شدن فعالیت در شبکه­های اجتماعی و واقعی تلقی کردن محتوای شبکه­های اجتماعی با ایجاد تاثیرات مثبت بر روی افزایش بحث سیاسی، اثربخشی سیاسی و فرهنگ سیاسی باعث بهبود وضعیت مشارکت سیاسی فعالانه در جامعه می­شود. اما یافته­ها نشان می­دهد که مدل نظری پژوهش در مورد مشارکت منفعلانه(رای دادن در انتخابات) تایید نمی­شود.

- Bizhan Zare, - Salahedin Ghaderi, - Mohammadkazem Koohi, - Zhila Moshiri,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (11-2018)

The statistical population of this study is all farmers in Garmsar County, which according to the statistics of the Agricultural Department, the number of them is 5675 people. Of these, 366 people were selected randomly according to the Cochran formula, and information were gathered through a researcher-made questionnaire. The research method is quantitative and we have tried to use the multivariate modeling of structural equation to test the model derived from the theoretical framework of the research. The theoretical framework of research is the theory of peasant subculture and Bourdieuchr('39')s theory of cultural, social and economic capital types. The findings show that experimental data support the theoretical model based on different types of processing indicators. Also, the assumptions that indicate a meaningful relationship between different types of capital and peasant subculture were confirmed, and those that emphasized the existence of a meaningful relationship between different types of capital and the attitude towards water use in agriculture were rejected. There is also a significant relationship between peasant subculture and the attitude towards water use in agriculture. According to the final result, various types of economic, cultural and social capital indirectly affect the attitude toward water use through the peasant subculture variables.
Ali Akbar Ghaffari, Alireza Asgari, Seyyed Hassan Abedian,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)

Today, justice and its place are considered as a vital component in social development by theorists. After the revolution In Iran, Positive law is like a support by which we can realize "justice" in different affairs of society. Therefore, in this study, we considered the place of justice in social development with emphasis on Positive law. The main question is where the real place of justice is meaning to give right to the owner in cultural- social development. With the analytic- descriptive method, the study is aimed at considering the place of justice in cultural- social development of human societies, especially Iran by relying on positive law. We considered that not only justice has effect on cultural- social development, but the development is also possible only in this way. On the other hand, regarding that the most important issue considered in Islamic revolution was to perform justice, presenting critic and scientific Viewpoint on the subject is the most effective step toward realizing justice and its effects on development.

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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