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Showing 28 results for Social Capital
Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)
This paper investigates the social relationship
and life quality. The paper analyzes a secondary data form a survey is
conducted by Iranian Student’s Polling Agency, ISPA, about favorable or optimal
life among University students. The sample is consisted of 20670 people in
different parts of Tehran.
Results show 59 percent of respondents have
average life quality and social capital and its dimensions social trust and social
participation had the highest score among others. The levels of these three
variables were different and significant in types of life quality.
After analysis of findings through calculation
of path analysis coefficient, the results indicate that among variables
influencing on the social capital, average life quality with 85 correlation co-efficiency,
has the highest influence. Results indicate that average life quality increases
solidarity and relation
realm of individuals and it can result into the trust and finally, all these
factors increase and reinforce social capital.
Majid Movahed, Rohollah Mozafari, Samane Alizadeh, ,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
paper studies the relationship between cultural capital and trust in
foundations and organizations. Its method is quantitative and its technique is
survey. The sample content includes 384 youths aged 14-29 in Shiraz who have
been selected through Multi-stage stratified sampling. The Data collection tools include
questionnaire, and data analysis has been undertaken via SPSS. Evaluating the
validity and reliability of questionnaire has been performed through face
validity and Kronbach’s Alpha coefficient.
multi-variant regression has been used in the inferential statistics section.
The results indicate that the two factors of watching satellite and television
have entered the equation in all of the models, where watching satellite and
watching TV lie in a negative and positive relation to the dependent variable
respectively. Moreover, historical- religious and scientific aspects have
entered the equation in most of the models where both of them have a positive
relation to dependant variable. The individual’s education is also considered
as a variant included in most of the models but with a negative relation to the
Volume 1, Issue 4 (5-2013)
The problem of this study is differtiation degree of democracy. At theoritical level,
component of social capital and Inequality of income distribution and unrentier
revenue are necessary condition for democracy.The method of this essay is the
comparative cross- national. population of this study is 156 countries that have data
for comparison, but in each analysis,because of missed data, quantity of cases is
different . The method of judging of hypothesis is Fuzzy and used software is spss,
Exel and Fs/QCAf. Empical results show in the almost always cases, Interpersonal
Trust and unrentier revenue are necessary condition for democracy. Participation in
Civil Society and Trustworthines and Inequality in distribution income usually are
necessary condition for democracy. Assessment of sufficient conditions for taking
place of result show that there are three separate path for democracy. common
specification of this pathes is high Participation in Civil Society and unrentier
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
In recent years, various organizations and companies have begun joining to the process of knowledge. Therefore, the organizations are expected to more rapidly create new knowledge (Knowledge Creation) and try to solve the problems and needs of society with their knowledge in any respect and become much more useful. Takeuchi and Nonaka offered a dynamic model of Knowledge Creation. Accordingly, organizational knowledge creation has been determined with socialization, externalization, compositions and internalization dimensions. "Knowledge Creation" is dependent on various reasons and factors such as social capital.
Social capital includes the social participation which can accelerate the reproduction process of knowledge creation, because this is a society that lacks sufficient social capital and other assets are being wasted. Therefore, the issue of social capital as a guiding principle for achieving knowledge creation seems necessary. This study is a cross sectional survey using a stratified random sampling method. Statistical population of study includes the all employees in Power Management in East Azerbaijan from whom we choose 381 as samples of study. Results of this study indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between social capital and knowledge creation. Public participation, institutional trust and interpersonal trust variables have been able to explain 36% of variance in knowledge creation.
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
present paper, from a sociological perspective, aims to study the proverb in
novels taking Social Participation as one of the factors of social
capital in Bahmanyari's novels. Proverbs as the internal voice of each nation
are seen as the reflection of the most hidden agenda of the people's lives as
well as a reliable source for the studies on anthropology, sociology and
psychology. The research Social Participation in proverbs as a part in
the popular culture can make us aware of the amount of the reflection of the Social
Participation aspects in traditional societies and have an influential
effect on the facilitation of purposeful actions in the today's society.
investigation of 6016 Proverbs in Bahmanyari's novel book demonstrates that
among different factors of social capital, Social Participation is
considered as one of the most intensive social and ethical issues in
traditional societies. Participation after trust is the second factor that is
repeated in the novel and with bilateral indices it is divided into two-way
participation, the other side participation, obligatory participation,
participation based on the division of work, instrumental participation and
counseling participation. The study concludes that among the different types of
participation, the other side participation has the highest effect.
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
This paper has assessed socio - cultural impacts of urban
park by regarding public spaces theory. Results of study in Sharif and Roshd park users in 22 region,
show that users viewpoints is in contract with the defined goals, functions and
the outcomes for public spaces.
Unhappiness from “presence of others” - whit characteristics
such as low Socio-economic status, different living place, younger and Abnormal
social behaviors and …. - Shows that the social processes changes to social
relationship conflicts instead of increasing social capital and solidarity.
This paper is based on results of two social impact assessment studies in 22
regions. Data have been gathered by qualitative method upon deep interviews.
Results of theoretical analysis based on Pierre
Bourdieu's theory of "distinction” explains that these issues are
inevitable in Modern society, but socio – cultural impacts assessments
researchers should be aware conflict accumulation may change these “distinction
Stress” to social conflict and social resistance. Thereby it is necessary to
explain contents of conflicts in park's sphere, determine the role of park in strengthening
those conflicts and subjection socio- cultural framework for reduce them
Volume 3, Issue 1 (8-2014)
Social capital is a form of capital along with economic and cultural capital by which the individual can access to the available resources and support within different groups and society. The main purpose of the present research is to examine the different levels of social capital among men and women. It is assumed that men and women enjoy differential levels of social capital due to the cultural and social differences and gender inequalities. The study is a secondary analysis based on the data gathered by Iran University of Medical Sciences, World Health Organization, Tehran Municipality, and Jihad Daneshgahi on 2008 within the project called Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool. The sample is 20670 people aged over 18 years old who live in Tehran. The results indicate that there are no significant differences between men and women in terms of family social capital. However, significant differences are found between men and women in the mean of peer social capital. Men enjoyed higher levels of peer, neighborhood, and total social capital compared with women.
Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.
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Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Citizenship as a social phenomenon is a central component of modern democratic political systems and key indicators to demonstrate democracy in a modern society. Citizenship requires a sense of community membership. Cultural and social development and active citizenship require active citizens and active citizenship requires a sense of citizenship. Current study is an evaluation about the role of social capital and cultural capital in the sense of citizenship among people of Kashan. The sample size for this study was 318 citizens and for conducting a questionnaire -based survey method for assessing the validity Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. In this paper, four dimensions were considered for sense of citizenship, they are a sense of equality of opportunity , equality of distributive sense , sense of equality of participation, and a sense of social identity, Based on the results, sense of Kashanian citizensWith an average of 2/47 in the range of 1-4 is in average level. Social capital, including trust, integrity, collaboration and social knowledge with an average of 2/98 in the range of 1-5 and cultural capital with a moderate level of mental, physical and institutional, With an average of 1/88 in the range of 1-5 are also below average. Research findings show relationship between social capital, the sense of citizenship and cultural capital. This means that the greater degree of social capital and cultural capital among citizens would lead to more of a sense of citizenship.
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Social capital is one of the important capabilities and properties of organization which could help it in knowledge share and creation and by providing proper field, would equip human resources to organizational entrepreneurship's knowledge and skill, and could be one of the effective alternatives in personnel performance promotion, so the main aim of this study was to examine the effect of social capital on organizational entrepreneurship in Babol's Education & Training Office. Social statistics were 780 persons of teachers of babol's guidance schools which 250 persons were selected as sample statistics by Morgan table. Designed questionnaire after confirming validity by experts and reliability by %88 alpha cronbakh were distributed. Results of regression tests indicated that there was a significant relationship between social capital and organizational entrepreneurship in Babol's Education & Training Office. Also there is a significant relationship between two dimensions of social capital such as the quality and structure of social capital and organizational entrepreneurship in Babol's Education & Training Office. The result of Spearman correlation tests also showed that there were significant relationships between trust and relations in quality of social capital and between variables in structure of social capital such as size and extension of relation network, relations structure and social solidarity with organizational entrepreneurship. Finally it was concluded that strong and rich structure of social capital could lead to reinforce organizational entrepreneurship in Education & Training Office
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
The ability of public spaces in attracting people is resulted that have been considered as a container for formation of social capital. Therefore this study is an attempt about the relationship between public spaces and social capital in different aspects and according to explanatory framework and deductive reasoning for testing the assumptions of the theory. The main assumption of the study has been organized on the bases of physical and social aspects of space which impact over social trust and participation contingent factors such as social networks. In this way explanation between social capital and public spaces has been performed by Polynomial regression test in SPSS and MATLAB. The analysis is on the bases of 384 sample size which has been derived according the cochran Q test and in a random sampling method. The gathering instrument was questionnaire in public spaces within the selected community contexts of Amol.
The results indicates that the physical dimensions of (space) and social (activity) in public spaces affect the norms and social networks as a dimensions of social capital. Also all indicators of social capital is positively associated with the acceptance of public space and has established a positive 65.3% correlation. Therefore, improving the physical and social conditions of public spaces result in a positive way on social capital at the community level scope (areas).
Dr. Mohammad Taghi Abbasi Shavazi, Mr. Farshad Karami,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
In contemporary sociological debates, the concept of social capital is as a rich theoretical concept with e dense research findings and Because of its association with different dimensions of development in the society, social and political policymakers have focused on investigation of its role on development. With this regard, the aim of the survey is to study the association between participation in religious communities and social capital among residents in Shiraz city. Using multi-stage cluster sampling method 410 participants (196 male, 214 female) randomly selected and answered to the questionnaire. The results show between participation in religious communities and the different dimensions of social capital such as social cohesion, inter-group trust and institutional trust there is a significant positive correlation, except social participation findings also show that correlation with institutional trust is stronger than other dimensions. This means that with increased participation in religious communities, participant's social capital increases. The investigators suggest future research to analyze the content of the messages in religious communities can also affect different dimension of social capital.
Hamid Rahimi, Asieh Mohammadian,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
The purpose of this research was to analyzesimple and multiple relationships between social capital and moral intelligence with the responsibility in students at University of Kashan. Research type was descriptive correlative. The statistical population consisted of 7132 students in Universities of Kashan in an academic year 2014-2015.Cocran Formula from the 2700 was used to choose 258 students through the stratified randomized sampling.The instrument used forgathering information were a moral intelligence questionnaire with 40 items in 3 component (honest, forgiveness & compassion), social capital questionnaire with 24 items in 4 components (social partnership, social integration, social belongings& social trust) and a responsibility questionnaire with 42 items in 5 components (self-management, trusteeship, dutiful, organizing & progressivism) based on 5 likert scales. The validity of Questionnaires was confirmed by experts. Through Cronbach alpha coefficient, reliability coefficients were obtained equal to 0.83 for moral intelligence, 0.87 for social capital and 0.91 for responsibility. Data analyses were used in level inferential statistics (correlation, t-test, regression) through SPSS and Amos software’s. Finding showed mean of moral intelligence, social capital and responsibility components are bigger than average (3). There are positive and significant relationship between all of components moral intelligence and social capital with responsibility.
Vakil Heidari Sarban,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Some of researchers are believed that ICT plays important role on social development, rising of the decision-making of rural peoples, enforcement of social capital, decreasing of the effects of natural hazardous, empowerment of the rural poor peoples, promotion of the life quality and etc. the purpose of this paper is survey of ICT role on social development in the rural areas. This research from point view of purpose is developmental and from point view of identity is descriptive and from point view of type is analytical research. Target population in the study was the rural people of located in Meshkinshar County. The needed information by means of questionnaire was collected from rural people of settled in Meshkinshar County. Statistical society of research included all of rural that have had ICT office. In addition for determining sample size the rural peoples of settled in the rural areas of Meshkinshar county was used Cochran formula. Finally, the sample size of rural peoples 195 was determined. The tool of measurement was made researcher questionnaire. The content and face validity of the instrument was specified after several times review and correction by the faculty of members at university and several expertise of administrative offices. The reliability analysis was conducted and Cronbach’s alpha values for the various sections of instrument were estimated to be between 0.87 and 0.92. The results of research showed that there was a statistically significant positive relationship between social consolidation, satisfaction, social participation, employment, and responsibility, access to social services, life quality and enforcement of educational infrastructure and using of ICT services. Finally, based on the results analysis, some applied recommendations have been provided
ِdr Farhaf Nosrati Nejad, Mr Ayoub Sakhaei, Mr Hojat Sharifi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract Problem Statement: Happiness is one of the major psychological needs of humankind and because of its significant influence on the life of humans, it has always drawn the attentions. Happiness is the primary material for transformation, revolution and evolution of human life and is subject to several social factors. Among the social factorsinfluencing the happiness levels of the youth, social capitaland its dimensions may be mentioned. Thus present paper seeks to study the relationship between social capital of the youth and their level of happiness. Methodology: present study used a survey technique and a random sample of 384 young people in the age range of 18-30 in Tehran city in 2014. Data collection instrument was a researcher-developed questionnaire which had face and construct validity (KMO = 0.81) and a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Findings of Pearson’s correlation test showed that there was a direct significant and positive relationship betweensocial capital andits dimensions and happiness level. The extent of social participation had the most strong relationship (r=0.548) with happiness followed by social trust(r =0.435) and social cohesion (r =0.331). Results: results of the present research suggested that social capital dimensions accounted for 25 percent of variance in happiness in a way that social participation and social cohesion respectively had themost and the least influence on happiness also amongbackground variables, age and marital status had significantrelationships with happiness.
Mahmoodreza Rahbargazi, Mr Saied Gashool, Mr Hossein Arabian, Mrs Soheyla Ashnayi,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)
This article by using the Almond and Verba the political culture, political culture as Ryshh¬Ha and principles of participatory political culture Tby- gives studied. The approach of this paper, sociological approach is thus rooted cultural and social-political culture degree discussed. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of social capital on the political culture of citizens in the city Isfahan respectively. The research methodology used in collecting and analyzing data, survey respectively. This study was conducted on 359 residents of the city, for gathering information, using a questionnaire which its validity, the validity, and reliability, using Cronbach's alpha Marh¬ and data SPSS22 were analyzed through software under Windows environment. Social capital is divided into three variables (cognitive social capital, social capital and social capital structure), with regard to the participatory political culture that Hmbstgy¬ They are observed significant cognitive social capital among respondents participatory political culture there. In this regard, the results show that social capital Shakhtar on participatory political culture influence and increase their participation in the political culture in throughput.
Volume 5, Issue 1 (8-2016)
addressing the relationship between the social capital and its dimensions with the social security is the aim of the current study. The research method is descriptive- explanatory and survey that has been done by using a questionnaire with interview. The above 18 residents of Kerman city constitute the research statistics population that it was chosen 384 persons using the Kookran formula and multistage cluster sampling method. It was used Spss16 to analysis the information and Pearson test, regression analysis and path analysis to examine the hypothesis.
The findings show that the social security of responders is in the middle. There is a significant relationship between the strong social trust, social support and social network. While there was not a significant relationship between the membership in voluntary institutes and trade-off norms with the social security. The results of regression analysis show that the independent variables can explain 12 percentages of the dependent variables changes, totally. Moreover, the results of path analysis show that the trust dimension can be generalized amongst the social capital and the instrumental support have the most effect on social security.
Mr Aliakbar Akbaritabar, Prof. Jafar Hezarjaribi,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (8-2016)
This research suggests a methodological improvement to study social capital in online social networks. We have designed a measurement tool based on Lin's theory of social resources. It is named Social Village and can be accessed in (http://socialvillage.me). By this tool, we are getting access to profile and friendship data of users of online social networks (Facebook and Google Plus). To access this data, we ask for users’ permission by social login and we have designed a gamified and interesting social survey that helps users get an in-depth knowledge of their online life. This tool combines three structural generators for social capital data (name, position and resource generators) and it has been developed in three languages (English, French and Persian) enabling us to conduct comparative studies. Based on our results presented in this report, 412 users in sample of our study know who they are connected with in online social networks, they know their friends’ socio-economic positions and they are providing or receiving various resources through their online friendships and their level of social capital is signifacntly correlated with their activities in online social networks and some other variables that are discussed in the report.
Ebrahim Qasemi, Mohammad Sadegh Mahdavi, Ali Reza Kaldi,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (8-2016)
Lack of social capital and a threat to the sense of security is synonymous with social deviance. Because social capital reflects the cooperative behavioral norms, lack of social capital will be reflected actual social deviations. In this paper, the relationship between social capital (social particiption, trust, solidarity and social interaction) and social security (with dimensions of intellectual, physical, financial, speech, occupational and judicial) of a sample of 370 male and female students of the university student,s city of zanjan has been studied. Research methodology, quantitative study with questionnaires and relying on multi-stage cluster sampling and simple random. The results showed that the results of the relationship between underlying variables and the average sense of security indicates that the significant difference between men and women feel safe there.
Mr Ali Nooralivand, Phd Amir Maleki, Phd Mehrban Parsamehr, Phd Hamid Ghasemi,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)
The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between social capital and women’s participation in sport. The study was conducted using survey and the data were collected through questionnaires. The population consisted of women upper than 19 years of age and the sample consisted of 500 women. The sample was selected using multi-stage random cluster sampling. To analyze the data and to test the research model, the researchers used regression and SEM using Amos. The analyses of the data indicated that women in Ilam participate in professional sport (15%), regular sport (188%), health-oriented sport (17%), recreational sport (15.2%), and irregular exercises (8%). Additionally, 26% of women follow no sport activities. Furthermore, the results indicate that social participation (organizational membership and social network), and social trust (interpersonal, general, civil and institutional) can respectively explain .268 and .366 of the variance in sport participation. Together, they explain .59 of the variance in women’s sport participation.