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scds 2020, 8(3): 27-51 Back to browse issues page
Cultural and Demographic Foundations of Social Trust in Iran
Yaghoob Foroutan , Somayeh Mirzaee
University of Mazandaran
Abstract:   (1552 Views)
This study primarily aims to examine the cultural and demographic foundations of social trust. The research findings presented and discussed in this paper are based on a survey that includes a total sample of 5200 males and females residing in varying rural and urban areas across Iran. In order to examine social trust more appropriately, it has been classified into three main domains: trust towards family members, trust towards relatives and friends, and trust towards the officials so-called ‘institutional trust’.
Generally speaking, the results of this study have shown that about 95 per cent of the respondents trust family members. The corresponding proportions are approximately two-third and one-third for trust towards relatives and friends and towards institutional trust, respectively. Furthermore, the results have indicated that while the trust towards family members is not significantly affected by socio-demographic determinants, the opposite applies to the two other domains of social trust, particularly to the institutional trust. This suggests that the institutional trust in particular is substantially affected by such demographic determinants as age, gender, place of residence, and education as well as by the determinants associated with religiosity and gender attitude.
Keywords: Social Trust, Cultural and Demographic Foundations, Family, Relatives and Friends, Institutional Trust.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/06/8 | Accepted: 2020/07/20 | Published: 2020/01/30
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Foroutan Y, Mirzaee S. Cultural and Demographic Foundations of Social Trust in Iran. scds. 2020; 8 (3) :27-51
URL: http://journals.sabz.ac.ir/scds/article-1-955-en.html

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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