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Showing 6 results for Institutional Trust
Majid Movahed, Rohollah Mozafari, Samane Alizadeh, ,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
paper studies the relationship between cultural capital and trust in
foundations and organizations. Its method is quantitative and its technique is
survey. The sample content includes 384 youths aged 14-29 in Shiraz who have
been selected through Multi-stage stratified sampling. The Data collection tools include
questionnaire, and data analysis has been undertaken via SPSS. Evaluating the
validity and reliability of questionnaire has been performed through face
validity and Kronbach’s Alpha coefficient.
multi-variant regression has been used in the inferential statistics section.
The results indicate that the two factors of watching satellite and television
have entered the equation in all of the models, where watching satellite and
watching TV lie in a negative and positive relation to the dependent variable
respectively. Moreover, historical- religious and scientific aspects have
entered the equation in most of the models where both of them have a positive
relation to dependant variable. The individual’s education is also considered
as a variant included in most of the models but with a negative relation to the
, , , ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
In recent years, various organizations and companies have begun joining to the process of knowledge. Therefore, the organizations are expected to more rapidly create new knowledge (Knowledge Creation) and try to solve the problems and needs of society with their knowledge in any respect and become much more useful. Takeuchi and Nonaka offered a dynamic model of Knowledge Creation. Accordingly, organizational knowledge creation has been determined with socialization, externalization, compositions and internalization dimensions. "Knowledge Creation" is dependent on various reasons and factors such as social capital.
Social capital includes the social participation which can accelerate the reproduction process of knowledge creation, because this is a society that lacks sufficient social capital and other assets are being wasted. Therefore, the issue of social capital as a guiding principle for achieving knowledge creation seems necessary. This study is a cross sectional survey using a stratified random sampling method. Statistical population of study includes the all employees in Power Management in East Azerbaijan from whom we choose 381 as samples of study. Results of this study indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between social capital and knowledge creation. Public participation, institutional trust and interpersonal trust variables have been able to explain 36% of variance in knowledge creation.
Reza Fezell, Hossein Rezaii,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
This paper examines the relationship between the use of internal and external communications and political participation is Ghyrantkhabaty. The survey method was used to collect the required data from the questionnaire used. The population of the study consisted of all participants with 18 years old from Hamadan in June, 1390. The sample size was 400 and the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used. The results show the average non-electoral political participation. This type of partnership with the mean (0/60 of 4) located on the lower level. The non-electoral political participation shows that the highest average (1/9 of 4) to support items of a person, or a political movement dedicated slightly below the average level and the situation is relatively good. Multivariate linear regression variables with independent variables in this study show that political participation in Ghyrantkhabaty has the highest influence on the dependent variable, which is non-electoral political participation (internal media analysis) and This variable could explain about % 18.4 of the dependent variable space concept.
Dr. Mohammad Taghi Abbasi Shavazi, Mr. Farshad Karami,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
In contemporary sociological debates, the concept of social capital is as a rich theoretical concept with e dense research findings and Because of its association with different dimensions of development in the society, social and political policymakers have focused on investigation of its role on development. With this regard, the aim of the survey is to study the association between participation in religious communities and social capital among residents in Shiraz city. Using multi-stage cluster sampling method 410 participants (196 male, 214 female) randomly selected and answered to the questionnaire. The results show between participation in religious communities and the different dimensions of social capital such as social cohesion, inter-group trust and institutional trust there is a significant positive correlation, except social participation findings also show that correlation with institutional trust is stronger than other dimensions. This means that with increased participation in religious communities, participantchr('39')s social capital increases. The investigators suggest future research to analyze the content of the messages in religious communities can also affect different dimension of social capital.
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)
Social trust, generalized trust, institutional trust, social participation, social-economic status
Dr Yaghoob Foroutan, Mrs Somayeh Mirzaee,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)
This study primarily aims to examine the cultural and demographic foundations of social trust. The research findings presented and discussed in this paper are based on a survey that includes a total sample of 5200 males and females residing in varying rural and urban areas across Iran. In order to examine social trust more appropriately, it has been classified into three main domains: trust towards family members, trust towards relatives and friends, and trust towards the officials so-called ‘institutional trust’.
Generally speaking, the results of this study have shown that about 95 per cent of the respondents trust family members. The corresponding proportions are approximately two-third and one-third for trust towards relatives and friends and towards institutional trust, respectively. Furthermore, the results have indicated that while the trust towards family members is not significantly affected by socio-demographic determinants, the opposite applies to the two other domains of social trust, particularly to the institutional trust. This suggests that the institutional trust in particular is substantially affected by such demographic determinants as age, gender, place of residence, and education as well as by the determinants associated with religiosity and gender attitude.