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Showing 20 results for Media
Susan Bastani, Fatemeh Lolaie,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
The main goal
of this paper is to study the effect of media use especially
the Internet on political behavior of Tehran University students. To this end,
the effect of Internet use is investigated not only by considering the amount
of access, the utilized online sources for the news-seeking, etc., but also
through the effects of environmental and cognitive elements.
this study is composed of students from Tehran University divided into 4 groups
of Humanities, the Arts, Engineering, and Sciences. Data was collected using
the survey method through conducting 295 structured, face-to-face interviews.
Findings show that the
Internet is used more frequently than other media for
tracking political news, with nearly 90 percent of
respondents indicating that they use the Internet for the purpose of finding
political news. Participation in the demonstrations among non-traditional
political behaviors, and voting in elections among traditional political
behaviors are more common among the students than the other political
activities. The results of structural equation modeling show that the
effect of media news exposure on political behavior is through the intermediate
variable of political efficacy.
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Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
main objective of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting on
high school students' cultural deviance in Fereydunkenar City.
method employed in the present study is a cross-sectional survey research and
for collecting the data, a researcher-made questionnaire is used. The
population of the research consists of high school students of Fereydunkenar
City. The sample size was evaluated to be equal as 300 participants using
Cochran formula and the sampling was conducted using multi-stage cluster
sampling. The findings of the research indicate that using satellites and using
the Internet have positive and significant correlation with cultural deviance.
However, the correlation of the variables of bonding with family and bonding
with religion is negative and significant. The results of standard coefficients
in structural equations indicate that the variables of using satellites with
0.43, using the Internet with 0.26, bonding with family with -0.26 and bonding
with religion with -0.23 respectively have the most effects on the variable of
cultural deviance. In addition, the independent variables of the research
explain about 44 percents
of the variations of cultural deviance
Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
This paper is based on path analysis of effective factors in media socialization, based on the five models in theory of V. Schramm. The population is audiences of media’s message of 18-years old and up in city of Zanjan, 227,790 people. Sample is368 people, based on method multi-stage cluster sampling& quota. Findings based on the Pearson correlation coefficient indicates that process of media socialization in cyberspace, especially in the area of advertisements internet & satellite networks, the was male audiences also high motivation follow & also are high attitude of advertisements. Meanwhile, there are not significant differences between male & female audiences of media persuasion, economical value, selection of adverts advertising. In the case of multiple regression & path analysis of factors Affecting audiences media socialization, for goodness of fit of the theoretical model, based on value of beta 64% of change in audiences media socialization, depends with increasing of media persuasion, increasing of motivation follow, depreciation of economical value, increasing of adverts selection & increasing of attitude of advertisements, between the female audiences in city of Zanjan living in Housing Impersonal, With High-Volume Sampling of Households.
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Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
research seeks to study the impact of media consumption (local and satellite
televisions) on the social trust. The population of the study is all of the
enrolled students of Mazandaran University which 400 students through
proportionate stratified sampling method have been selected as sample of the
study. The required data has been gathered by self administered questionnaire
and data were analyzed via SPSS software. Research findings indicate that while
there is no significant relationship between watching local TV and social
trust, watching satellite TV is related to social trust, negatively. Moreover,
some variables such as the participation in voluntary associations, reciprocity
norms, positive attitude toward law administration, and justice feeling all
were positively related to social trust. In addition, the results of multiple
regression analysis indicate that after the variable of justice feeling which
has the most significant impact on the social trust, the variable of
reciprocity norms is placed in the next ranking.
Masoud Hajizadeh, Hamed Sayarkhalaj, Kaveh Shokohifar,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
One of the social problems on Yazd is the environment and if this problem cannot be controlled, it becomes a crisis and decreases the outcomes of developmental benefits. This problem is mainly caused by industrial development, geographical, climatic conditions, and dehydration. This paper focuses on the socio-cultural namely cultural capital, religiosity, life style and mass media use with environmental behaviors among citizens in Yazd. This is survey research and the population consisted of citizen in Yazd for whom 384 individuals were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection technique was a questionnaire that has a suitable validity and reliability. The results showed that the environment factor was significantly related to cultural capital and lifestyle. There is a significant difference between men and women in environmental behaviors, too. However, age, marital status, mass media use, religiosity, education and environmental behaviors do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression analysis showed that the adjusted coefficient of determination for all the independent variables was equal to 0.278, meaning that all these variables could explain approximately 28 percent of the variation of the dependent variable (environmental factors).
Reza Fezell, Hossein Rezaii,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
This paper examines the relationship between the use of internal and external communications and political participation is Ghyrantkhabaty. The survey method was used to collect the required data from the questionnaire used. The population of the study consisted of all participants with 18 years old from Hamadan in June, 1390. The sample size was 400 and the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used. The results show the average non-electoral political participation. This type of partnership with the mean (0/60 of 4) located on the lower level. The non-electoral political participation shows that the highest average (1/9 of 4) to support items of a person, or a political movement dedicated slightly below the average level and the situation is relatively good. Multivariate linear regression variables with independent variables in this study show that political participation in Ghyrantkhabaty has the highest influence on the dependent variable, which is non-electoral political participation (internal media analysis) and This variable could explain about % 18.4 of the dependent variable space concept.
Soheila Hashemi, Ameneh Hoseinzade, Mohammad Javade Mohmmadi Parsa,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
The influence of mass media and the internet on human societies have changed in information societies. Nowadays, the internet is a vital part of the present generation life. Because of the youth and adolescents increasing interest to use this phenomenon in different domains (science, entertainment, commercial affairs and interpersonal relations), its impact on various aspects of their life are considered in this paper. By this technology, the educational system also, has been able to take effective steps towards educational purposes. However, there were watchfully considerations towards using the internet by teenagers. Based on this fact, present study was conducted to measure the impact of the internet on education social goals realization. Afterward, by stratified random sampling method, 362 students were selected among Gorgan female high school students. Subsequently, a researcher-made questionnaire was conducted to collect data. T-test and Pearson-test findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 18. The results demonstrated no significant relation or correlation between the use of the internet and the education social goals realization (three components family relationships, social participations, primacy of communal interests over individual interests).
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)
As the most important channel of political communication, mass media can play sensitive and determinant role in political participation. So by the way, doing scientific research about the role of mass media in political participation is very important and have enough necessary. With respect to it, the goal of the study was to identify the relationship between mass media usage and political participation. Based on the opinions of Lerner, implant, Replacement, Mobilization. Research method is survey method; hence 407 citizens with over 19 years old were selected and studied using random sampling. Research – made questionnaire was used to collected data which its validity was approved using nominal validity and its reliability using Cranach' alpha. The results indicated that there is a significant relationship between usage level of TV, press and non – textbook with the level of political participation. It also showed that there are significant different between gender and political participation, where as the measure of male political participation is higher than female
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Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)
The technological andcommunication-information changes is a manifest feature of contemporary era. The society and culture hadn’t been exempted from these changes either. By developing communication and information technologies, many social and cultural aspects also have been changed. In this study, we attempted to study and analyze the relationship between foreign text and audio media and value system of Shiraz’s youth and teenagers. For this purpose, 400 adolescents of Shiraz were selected based on multi-stage cluster sampling and answered to the questions of researcher-made questionnaire. The dependent variable of the research included different categories and a range of values composed of eight categories namely native, national, global, religious, economic, scientific, social/cultural, and familial values. The foreign text and audio media also was analyzed in detail. The findings of the study showed that there is a meaningful relationship between foreign audio media and five values namely native, national, religious, economic and social/cultural ones. In addition, a meaningful relationship was observed between text media and social/cultural values.
Dr Mahmoudreza Rahbarghazi, Mrs Somayeh Motamedi, Mrs Azam Shahriyari,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (11-2017)
این تحقیق به بررسی ارتباط بین شبکه اجتماعی با دو نوع مشارکت سیاسی منفعلانه و فعالانه بر اساس مدل میانجیای می پردازد که در آن بحث سیاسی، اثربخشی سیاسی و فرهنگ سیاسی به عنوان متغیرهای میانجی درنظر گرفته شدهاند. جامعه مورد بررسی کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه اصفهان می باشدکه از طریق روش نمونه گیری سهمیهای به تعداد 390 نفر انتخاب شدند. با تقسیم مشارکت سیاسی به دو نوع منفعلانه و فعالانه نتایج نشان داد در حالیکه مدت زمان عضویت در شبکههای اجتماعی تاثیر منفیای بر روی بحث سیاسی و اثربخشی سیاسی میگذارند، اما عمیق شدن فعالیت در شبکههای اجتماعی و واقعی تلقی کردن محتوای شبکههای اجتماعی با ایجاد تاثیرات مثبت بر روی افزایش بحث سیاسی، اثربخشی سیاسی و فرهنگ سیاسی باعث بهبود وضعیت مشارکت سیاسی فعالانه در جامعه میشود. اما یافتهها نشان میدهد که مدل نظری پژوهش در مورد مشارکت منفعلانه(رای دادن در انتخابات) تایید نمیشود.
Volume 6, Issue 2 (11-2017)
In this article, we examine audiences’ interaction with news media. The main question is what the status of news and news media is in the everyday life of the audiences. For this purpose, using semi-structured interview method, 29 individual and group interviews with 54 Tehran citizens from different age and sex groups were conducted.
Results show that the news presence in the audiences’ everyday life is ritual. The experience of news absence makes this rituality more apparent. Interviewees simultaneously confront with news from both domestic and foreign news televisions (which are contained established official discourse in Iran and rival discourses) because of five specific reasons and uses: access to the reality of an event, access to knowledge about rival discourse, coercion and monopoly, trust on news of domestic and foreign televisions, attraction and professionalism. In addition, the pattern of news consumption among Tehranian audiences can be categorized into five levels: weak, medium, strong (discrete - purposive, continuous, non-purposive, and continuous- purposive). Moreover the level of trust on media among people who have a strong relationship with the media is low due to the variety of available discourses.
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Volume 6, Issue 3 (2-2018)
Introduction: Drying away has threatened Urmia Lake in recent years. Fading away of this lake can negatively affect the nature, economy, population structure and, all aspects of the region in general. Meanwhile, beside the natural cuases, all inhabitants around the Urmia lake have affection in shrinking of this lake and on the other side, will be affected by collapsing of this lake.So, this research has done to findout the effective sociological factors in relatedness with nature of Urmia lake between citizens of Urmia city.
Methodology: The method of this research is survey. Population consists of all Urmia citizens with the age of 15 and older than that. 384 people were selected through Cochran formula as sample. Random sampling selected as the method for sampling and a standard questionnaire used in gathering data. Spss software used in analyzing data.
Conclusion: The resuls shows that: relatedness with Urmia Lake is related with age, social capital and its subtypes. Also, results of regression analysis showed that independent variables can provide 24 percent of the relatedness with Urmia Lake.
Key words: Nature Relatedness, Urmia Lake, Social Capital, Citizenship Rights, Media.
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Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)
The purpose of this study was to investigate social factors affecting environmental behavior among citizens of Gorgan city. This descriptive-analytic study was done by cross sectional survey on 400 citizens of Gorgan city in 1396. The standard information collection tool is standard. A multi-stage random sampling method was used for sampling. The collected data were analyzed by parametric test (T-test), variance analysis and correlation test. The results of the study indicate that there is a relationship between age and environmental behavior, but there is no relationship between sex and marital status with environmental behavior. Also, according to the research findings, there is a relationship between the economic beneficiary, media consumption and social trust of citizens of Gorgan city with environmental behavior.
Mojtaba Bagheri, Bahram Ghadimi, Zahra Alipour Darvish, Mohammadali Aslankhani,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (1-2019)
The present article attends to detection of social factors influential in expansion of soccer in the Iranian society during the Second Pahlavi era. The aim has been proposing a model for the process of soccer expansion in the mentioned period, with a qualitative perspective. The research data have been collected through reference to books, documents, evidences and also interview with knowing people and witnesses to the occurrences and have been analyzed using Grand Theory. After performing three stages of open, axial and selective coding, on the all, from the 20 extracted sub-category, 5 main category, "westernization," "the expansion of group media," "power and ability of Great Britain" and also "opportunities" and "functions" that a phenomenon like soccer can bring for rulers have been proposed as the paradigm model. “Modernization” is the core item of the research which explains the other category. The findings show that the expansion of soccer in the studied period, more than being the product of the sport's features, is the logical result of the strategy of the contemporary government and its supporting powerful parties for modernizing and westernizing the Iranian society in the form of modernization.
Dr Omid Ghaderzadeh, Mis Fateme Sharifi, Mis Elnaz Hasankhani,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (4-2019)
Political participation is the main component of political development and according to the fact that students are considered from political development agents and brokers, their interests are important . The present study dealt with how and why the political participation of students among the students of the Kurdistan University . In the theoretical section , based on the results obtained from the study of empirical sources and reviewing the empirical sources of an integrated conceptual framework , it has been formulated in the context of the underlying questions and key assumptions.Research has been conducted by means of the questionnaire using the questionnaire Descriptive descriptions of the study show that the degree of political involvement The students, among the dimensions of political participation , are more involved in low levels of political participation such as voting and participation in elections and a little percentage in political parties and contacts with officials .
Ardeshir Zabolzade, Hadi Ebrahimi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (4-2019)
As a general diplomacy arm of the Islamic Republic of Iran, VoSiMa has extensive activities in international broadcasting of its radio and television programs. These programs are broadcast in different languages, such as English, French, Azeri, Arabic, and ... for regional and transnational audiences. The large volume of the organization's international activities is in the form of news and news programs. Three Al-Alam TV channels, Press TV and Hispanic TV channels broadcast news in Arabic, English, and Spanish. In this paper, with a comparative study of international news networks and their performance analysis in the area of branding for the media, a proposal is proposed to integrate the brand of the International Broadcasting Network (IRIB). Based on the proposal, these three networks will continue to operate alongside the International News Network with a name and brand, and each will be known as a branch network of English, Arabic, Spanish and Persian. This can be achieved through the creation of an integrated brand management, which will strengthen the brand's value in the international audiovisual organization.
Mitra Afzali Farooji, Ali Akbar Farhangi,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (11-2019)
IRIB as a main actor is responsible for joining public with science through which scientific discourse is institutionalized. In this essay, after providing the causal conditions and the context, the current model of science popularization, has been identified. The research method of this research is the grounded theory, and the data were gathered through the unstructured, deep interviews with 14 experts who were involved in scientific programming.
Findings of the essay suggest that IRIB current pattern, is purely ideological science. Following the conservatism, the preference for education to science popularization discourse, the low level of public perception of science, IRIB choose the approaches of tribune look like of media, extreme sophisticated of science language, scientific stereotyping and symbolic power tool which result in consequences like science distortion, the fusion of science and pseudoscience, failure to bring science to the public sphere While if IRIB modified the concept of science and adopted the non-politicized, critical and participative approaches, it could bring scientific authority for IRIB through simplification and attractiveness of science.
Mr Enayat Salariyan, Dr Seyyed Reza Salehiamiri, Dr Mohammad Soltanifar, Dr Abbasali Qayyumi, ,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)
Advances in information technology have led to greater use by individuals as students have the best opportunity in school to learn science with their peers, so the education systemchr('39')s media literacy training for this group, especially courses Primary plays a special role in terms of effectiveness and institutionalization in society.
Thus, due to the importance of media literacy for children also due to the lack of research vacancy in this field, the topic of "Investigating how to teach media literacy to elementary students" was explored in this study.
The research method was qualitative research using content analysis technique and SWOT matrix data. The research findings showed how to teach media literacy to elementary students; For media literacy), the education system should also be identified using new educational methods, educational technologies, the use of social networks, the formation of workshops, the participation of students in discussion and discussion of media criticism and other factors identified. , The nature of media and the need for literacy learning Induce students with students
Masoomeh Ahmadi, Gholamreza Jafarinia, Moloud Keykhosrovani,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between social networks and social responsibility and its role in social development in the city of Bushehr. in order to analyze the data from the questionnaire, correlation coefficient and structural equation tests were used and data were processed with Spss and Amos software.The results show that between duration of use of social networks (r: 0.226), membership history (r = 0.136), participation rate (r = 0.326), motivation and goal of users (r = 0.326). 128 / r :), there is a significant relationship between the actual rate of content perception (r = 0/301) and the active / passive audience of users (r / 0/286) and the degree of social responsibilityStructural equation results show that the mean index of 0.286, the standardized chi-square with a degree of freedom of 2.49, the adaptive fit index of 0.743, the goodness of fit index of 1.01 and with respect to the structural equation indices, the presented models have good fit. As a result, there is a good relationship between the social networks and the social responsibility of the citizens of Bushehr.
Sedigheh Rezaeipasha, Farideh Sharififar, Mahmoud Sharepour, Aliasghar Kia,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (3-2021)
The purpose of writing this article is to thematically analyze the news of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics by emphasizing gender and presenting an indigenous model of its related components using the theories of experts. The text of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic event is in Shargh 1400 newspaper (August 1 - August 17) which is a purposeful sampling, first based on commonalities, related themes, main and finally the central themes of each category of the research subject and identified in Finally, the network draws and analyzes topics related to what gender representation is in the Iranian media. Findings show that concepts (hegemony, sports metaphors, surrealism) play a key role in depicting gender representation. In the organizing themes in the form of sports hegemony, the sub-themes such as gender discrimination were used, in the organizing themes in the form of sports metaphors, the sub-themes of the words men and women were formed, and in the organizing themes in the form of distorted reality. Hegemony is a form of support for the dominant male ideology that leads to economic, social and cultural inequality for women. Also appears. In the findings related to sports metaphors, the words of the encounter are different in men and women, and in fact, magnifying or distorting information about a real event of sports reporting (Kimia Alizadeh competition), causes another trace of the original reality in TV reports or There is no press left. This research can be a good model with a holistic, systematic and long-term view of the sociology of Olympic sports
Keywords: thematic analysis, Olympic 2020 news, gender, representation, Media