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Showing 24 results for Participation

, ,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)
Abstract

This paper investigates the social relationship and life quality. The paper analyzes a secondary data form a survey is conducted by Iranian Student’s Polling Agency, ISPA, about favorable or optimal life among University students. The sample is consisted of 20670 people in different parts of Tehran.

Results show 59 percent of respondents have average life quality and social capital and its dimensions social trust and social participation had the highest score among others. The levels of these three variables were different and significant in types of life quality.

After analysis of findings through calculation of path analysis coefficient, the results indicate that among variables influencing on the social capital, average life quality with 85 correlation co-efficiency, has the highest influence. Results indicate that average life quality increases solidarity and relation realm of individuals and it can result into the trust and finally, all these factors increase and reinforce social capital.


, , , ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

In recent years, various organizations and companies have begun joining to the process of knowledge. Therefore, the organizations are expected to more rapidly create new knowledge (Knowledge Creation) and try to solve the problems and needs of society with their knowledge in any respect and become much more useful. Takeuchi and Nonaka offered a dynamic model of Knowledge Creation. Accordingly, organizational knowledge creation has been determined with socialization, externalization, compositions and internalization dimensions. "Knowledge Creation" is dependent on various reasons and factors such as social capital. Social capital includes the social participation which can accelerate the reproduction process of knowledge creation, because this is a society that lacks sufficient social capital and other assets are being wasted. Therefore, the issue of social capital as a guiding principle for achieving knowledge creation seems necessary. This study is a cross sectional survey using a stratified random sampling method. Statistical population of study includes the all employees in Power Management in East Azerbaijan from whom we choose 381 as samples of study. Results of this study indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between social capital and knowledge creation. Public participation, institutional trust and interpersonal trust variables have been able to explain 36% of variance in knowledge creation.
, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

The present paper, from a sociological perspective, aims to study the proverb in novels taking Social Participation as one of the factors of social capital in Bahmanyari's novels. Proverbs as the internal voice of each nation are seen as the reflection of the most hidden agenda of the people's lives as well as a reliable source for the studies on anthropology, sociology and psychology. The research Social Participation in proverbs as a part in the popular culture can make us aware of the amount of the reflection of the Social Participation aspects in traditional societies and have an influential effect on the facilitation of purposeful actions in the today's society.

The investigation of 6016 Proverbs in Bahmanyari's novel book demonstrates that among different factors of social capital, Social Participation is considered as one of the most intensive social and ethical issues in traditional societies. Participation after trust is the second factor that is repeated in the novel and with bilateral indices it is divided into two-way participation, the other side participation, obligatory participation, participation based on the division of work, instrumental participation and counseling participation. The study concludes that among the different types of participation, the other side participation has the highest effect.



Karim Rezadoost, Alihosin Hossinzadeh, Ehsan Kohansal,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

This research is about social consensus and the effective factors on it in Dehdasht (A city of kohkiloieh and Boier ahmad state). 389 Participants were 15 years old and older, used multistage cluster sampling method and a questionnaire as an instrument that was used for the data collection. The results have shown that social participation, specific social confidence, general social confidence, or social confidence generalized and social economic status have the direct and meaningful relation with dependent variable and so sense of anomie, fatalism, sense of comparative deprivation have the opposite and meaningful relation with the social consensus. Regeration analyses have shown interred variable in this investigation explain 37 per cent of dependent variable variance and here social participation plays the most role in variance explanation of the social consensus. Pass Analysis results have shown social-mental economic status and general social trust don’t have any effect on universalism explanations but have an indirect effect on universalism through deprivation sense and Social participation.
Aboalghasem Heidarabadi, Abrahim Salehabadi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

Electoral participation, as an important form of political participation, is important in discussions of political sociology and sociology of elections. Modernization theory is one of the major theories to explain electoral participation. Part of the impact of modernization on political participation is done through education. This paper shows that the effect of education on electoral participation is more complex than it is emphasized that modernization theory. This article examines the educational development and electoral participation through critical review of other studies, secondary analysis and Sub-national comparative study. Looking at the overall statistics, the literacy rate of electoral participation between 1978 to 2005, there is a contrasting relationship that is inconsistent with the findings of other researchers. This article article is intended to report on this relationship. This analysis showed that nine presidential elections, despite the findings of other researchers, there is not a direct positive relationship between Literacy rates of electoral participation. Given the fact that our data were limited, efforts will be the seventh presidential election (1997) to be analyzed as a case study. Comparison showed in 1997 in the provinces of Iran, between electoral participation and the literacy rate, there is a contrasting relationship as an inverted U shape. Subgroup analysis showed that participation in elections directly related to education and electoral participation is more complex than the theories of modernization. The results showed a relationship between educational development and political participation is determined by the the type of literate people's jobs and their dependence on government.
Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.


Reza Fezell, Hossein Rezaii,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between the use of internal and external communications and political participation is Ghyrantkhabaty. The survey method was used to collect the required data from the questionnaire used. The population of the study consisted of all participants with 18 years old from Hamadan in June, 1390. The sample size was 400 and the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used. The results show the average non-electoral political participation. This type of partnership with the mean (0/60 of 4) located on the lower level. The non-electoral political participation shows that the highest average (1/9 of 4) to support items of a person, or a political movement dedicated slightly below the average level and the situation is relatively good. Multivariate linear regression variables with independent variables in this study show that political participation in Ghyrantkhabaty has the highest influence on the dependent variable, which is non-electoral political participation (internal media analysis) and This variable could explain about % 18.4 of the dependent variable space concept.


Soheila Hashemi, Ameneh Hoseinzade, Mohammad Javade Mohmmadi Parsa,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The influence of mass media and the internet on human societies have changed in information societies. Nowadays, the internet is a vital part of the present generation life. Because of the youth and adolescents increasing interest to use this phenomenon in different domains (science, entertainment, commercial affairs and interpersonal relations), its impact on various aspects of their life are considered in this paper. By this technology, the educational system also, has been able to take effective steps towards educational purposes. However, there were watchfully considerations towards using the internet by teenagers. Based on this fact, present study was conducted to measure the impact of the internet on education social goals realization. Afterward, by stratified random sampling method, 362 students were selected among Gorgan female high school students. Subsequently, a researcher-made questionnaire was conducted to collect data. T-test and Pearson-test findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 18. The results demonstrated no significant relation or correlation between the use of the internet and the education social goals realization (three components family relationships, social participations, primacy of communal interests over individual interests).


ِdr Farhaf Nosrati Nejad, Mr Ayoub Sakhaei, Mr Hojat Sharifi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Abstract Problem Statement: Happiness is one of the major psychological needs of humankind and because of its significant influence on the life of humans, it has always drawn the attentions. Happiness is the primary material for transformation, revolution and evolution of human life and is subject to several social factors. Among the social factorsinfluencing the happiness levels of the youth, social capitaland its dimensions may be mentioned. Thus present paper seeks to study the relationship between social capital of the youth and their level of happiness. Methodology: present study used a survey technique and a random sample of 384 young people in the age range of 18-30 in Tehran city in 2014. Data collection instrument was a researcher-developed questionnaire which had face and construct validity (KMO = 0.81) and a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Findings of Pearson’s correlation test showed that there was a direct significant and positive relationship betweensocial capital andits dimensions and happiness level. The extent of social participation had the most strong relationship (r=0.548) with happiness followed by social trust(r =0.435) and social cohesion (r =0.331). Results: results of the present research suggested that social capital dimensions accounted for 25 percent of variance in happiness in a way that social participation and social cohesion respectively had themost and the least influence on happiness also amongbackground variables, age and marital status had significantrelationships with happiness.


Dr Mehraban Parsamehr, Mr Seyed Pouya Rasoulinejad,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

The present article aims theoretical and empiricalexplanation of the relationship between Religiosity and Sports participation. This research was done with a Survey and 380 students of Yazd University in 93-94 academic year were selected by method of harmonic proportion as participants according to Cochranformula. Exams of validity and stability were high. According to results of research, level of women religiosity was more than men, but men have had morepartnership in sports than women. There is a direct and meaningful relationship between religiosity and Sports participation and in between, the components of religiosity were considered thatdimension has the most powerful relationship with variable of Sports participation. According to regression results, five dimensions of religiosity totally explained 32%of changes of Sports participation.


, ,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

The success of developmental interventions due to its complex and multidimensional nature and reaction of the people against its effects, in most cases require to pay attention about social background of that actions. Social impact assessment (SIA) can be called the management of developmental plans impacts to sustainability especially in the social dimensions and its purpose is a level of development that minimize the cost and maximize the benefits of planned interventions on human societies. Public participation has crucial role in SIA and show under what conditions people are ready to co-operation with developmental plans. So assessment requires to understanding of the views of people that affected by the developmental interventions and socioeconomic and political context of this interventions. This research meanwhile investigating the philosophy and theoretical foundations of SIA, has analyzed its role in development of social partnership and empowerment of people, using knowledge and information of all actors, dialogue, negotiation and transparency in project management and conflict management between stakeholders. The results show that this participatory approach try to create good interaction between the social system actors and increase their power to influence on the local and national relations in developmental programs that result of such area, is human and more sustainable development in society.


, , ,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Under the influence of urbanization, socio-cultural and economic factors diversity change of the people lifestyle. Preferences of people demonstrated in leisure activities, clothing, nutrition, body management, architecture and interior layout is smart homes. This study aimed to examine social factors, cultural and economic impact on the lifestyle of the inhabitants of the villages has become a city in Khorasan Razavi Province khaf and Roshtkhar done. Theoretical research is based on theories of Ibn-Khaldun, Bourdieu, Giddens and Cheney have been developed. Survey and Data has built a questionnaire. The results show that lifestyle changes in Nashtifan and Salami influenced by cultural factors and economic factors have caused in Jangal. The test research hypotheses show that among participation of social, political and administrative organizations, ways and means of communication network, the spirit of individualism, identity and relationships, indirect and secondary classes as agents of social, cultural and educational facilities, media consumption and cultural capital as cultural factors, consumerism, shopping, tend to speculative interests, fading support joint economic prosperity as economic and lifestyle factors, there is a significant relationship.


, ,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)
Abstract

Social trust, generalized trust, institutional trust, social participation, social-economic status


Dr Ebrahim Salehi Omran, Sodabeh Hasanzadeh Barani Kord,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)
Abstract

Social and political life of human society depends on the cooperation and participation of its members. It will be built through public contributions and education as a social system requires the participation and cooperation of all the people. The system can process without the effective participation of people in different aspects of their education as well as practical. This research is descriptive and to investigate the reasons for people's participation and contribution in the development of educational space is Mazandaran province. The sample of 143 participants from all donors school design and construction managers, officers and experts associated with the school activities in the province were in 1392. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The statistics in this study, the frequency table, frequency, and charting and analytical in order to use data from the sample and identify significant statistical differences between the views, binomial test and Friedman Used. The results show that for economic reasons, social, cultural participation and cooperation of the people in order to develop effective educational space, but the results were indicative of the priority ranking of the cultural, social and economic participation.


Shahram Mollania Jelodar, Seifollah Farzaneh, Seyedeh Moghadaseh Homayoni Baei,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)
Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: Women are half of active population in every country. This half of population is not only objecting of any development but also is the effective leverage in advance of economic development goals. Goals: The goal of this research is to study of factors effecting on level of women social participation in Mazandaran province cooperative production in year of 1390. Research method: This research is study descriptive- analytical from cross- sectional. The study is survey and the theoretical framework of this research is Parsons' theory of social action. The research population is 1472 people from women who are selected and studied based on Cochran formula that the samples of the population are 305 and the members of the population are selected by simple random sampling. Findings: T he survey shows that there isn't any meaningful relationship between women's activism and their social participation, but there is meaningful relationship among generality, rationalization, evaluation of the benefits of participation, social trust , hope for the future, married and women's education with their social participation. Results: Results of findings of regression model shows that variables as education, social trust, hope for the future, generality have the highest effective on women's social participation in turn. The 8th independent variables can explain 0.42 percent of changes related to the dependent variable.


- Alaleh Ghaemi, - Maryam Larijani, Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri, - Mohammad Reza Sarmadi,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)
Abstract

Studies have shown that most of the existing problems in the water sector are the outcomes of unsustainable methods of development caused by unawareness and lack of public training. Researchers have found that the social systems and mechanisms affecting water cycle are beyond the scope of water management and that the issue of water crisis must be addressed in the frame of social entities and systems, which are known as the water governance. The objective of this study is to identify the criteria and indicators of sustainable governance and to prepare an appropriate training program towards its realization. The tool for evaluation was a questionnaire and the research methodology was of descriptive survey. The validity of the indicators was established by taking into account the views and comments of relevant scholars and experts, and the reliability of the indicators was calculated as 0.869 using the Cronbach’s alpha formula. All criteria and indicators were graded in the fuzzy environment using the relevant software. The results show the criterion of public participation to be more sustainable than other governance criteria, while the indicators of training scored higher than others. Since the realization of sustainable governance becomes facilitated by increasing public awareness about the importance of environmental issues, the research proposes an appropriate training model to increase public participation.


Mr Ali Nooralivand, Phd Amir Maleki, Phd Mehrban Parsamehr, Phd Hamid Ghasemi,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)
Abstract

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between social capital and women’s participation in sport. The study was conducted using survey and the data were collected through questionnaires. The population consisted of women upper than 19 years of age and the sample consisted of 500 women. The sample was selected using multi-stage random cluster sampling. To analyze the data and to test the research model, the researchers used regression and SEM using Amos. The analyses of the data indicated that women in Ilam participate in professional sport (15%), regular sport (188%), health-oriented sport (17%), recreational sport (15.2%), and irregular exercises (8%). Additionally, 26% of women follow no sport activities. Furthermore, the results indicate that social participation (organizational membership and social network), and social trust (interpersonal, general, civil and institutional) can respectively explain .268 and .366 of the variance in sport participation. Together, they explain .59 of the variance in women’s sport participation.


Dr Asadollah Babaiefard,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)
Abstract

In this study, using the Network Analysis, the topic of Development and Underdevelopment in Iran, has been studied, with Historical-Experimental Approach and using Secondary Analysis of Empirical Findings. This study is based on analysis of some National Surveys, particular, a National Survey on Iranians Cultural Behaviors and two National Surveys on Iranians Values ​​and Attitudes, which have been conducted, respectively, in the years 1999, 2000 and 2003. Overall, our findings suggest that there are relationships between variables of Social Capital, Social Development. Our assumption in this study was that Lack of Social Capital has led to Lack of Social Development, and this phenomenon, in turn, can play an important role in Underdevelopment of Society. These findings suggest that in terms of some important elements of Social Development, such as Trust in Social Groups, Social Participation, Commitment to the Social Values ​​and Norms, Belonging to National Identity and Culture in Iranian Society, the situation is not desirable. In our opinion, the lack of Social Development would lead to Underdevelopment of Society. Consequently, if we want to achieve the goal of Comprehensive Development of Society, we should provide required backgrounds to increase the levels of Social Capital, and consequently, Social Development.


, ,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)
Abstract

As the most important channel of political communication, mass media can play sensitive and determinant role in political participation. So by the way, doing scientific research about the role of mass media in political participation is very important and have enough necessary. With respect to it, the goal of the study was to identify the relationship between mass media usage and political participation. Based on the opinions of Lerner, implant, Replacement, Mobilization. Research method is survey method; hence 407 citizens with over 19 years old were selected and studied using random sampling. Research – made questionnaire was used to collected data which its validity was approved using nominal validity and its reliability using Cranach' alpha. The results indicated that there is a significant relationship between usage level of TV, press and non – textbook with the level of political participation. It also showed that there are significant different between gender and political participation, where as the measure of male political participation is higher than female 


, ,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)
Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the effective sociocultural factors on social participations of Bandar Abbas citizens. The population of the study consisted of all citizens of Bandar Abbas city who were 18 years old or older the total population included 400 people, who were interviewed by multi-level cluster sampling. The independent variables of the research included social trust, sense of social belonging, social responsibility, sense of powerlessness and individual factors social participation was considered as the dependent variable of the research and was assessed both objectively and subjectively. Finally, the results of the study revealed that there was a significant correlation between social trust, sense of social belonging, social responsibility, sense of powerlessness, age, education, job status and income, and social participation of Bandar Abbas citizens, with the significance level at 99% whereas, variables such as gender, marital status and being indigenous had no correlation with citizens' social participation. Besides, the respondents were objectively so ready for social participation, but subjectively, they showed a lower participation level. Therefore, generally, citizens of Bandar Abbas appeared to have a low level of social participation.

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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