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Showing 7 results for Tourism

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Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)

The aim of this study is to measure the bio-environmental effects on the development of mass-tourism Tameshkelvillage (Tonekabon) located on the north of Iran. This study measures the attitude of the host and guest community and the objective documents. The area of the present study covers 18 villages,2481 households, and 9024 people who live in Neshtai district in Tonekabon.The method used for this study is a survey with random sampling.More than 190 households lived in 9 sample villages and 180 tourists responsed to the questionnaires. The data were gathered and analyzed by parametric statistic tests. The results show that the development of tourism and the poor management in the local villages have negative effects onthe natural resources destruction, the misusage of farmland and gardens and the increase of environmental pollutions. The results also clear that based on the attitudes of host and the guest comunition and the objective documents and lack of effective programings caused negative results on the bio-environmental tourism in the area.

Mrs , Dr , Dr ,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)

The present study seeks to identify the potentials of the development of ecotourism in the view of condition of local community. Urmia Lake is one the largest lakes in Iran which plays an important role in the socio-economic and environmental sectors in this region. However, due to the fact that the lake has shrunk substantially, it brought about national and international concerns.

The study with focus on qualitative methods employed semi-structured interviews in persons and groups and some observations. The study population consisted of all stakeholders concerning the revival of the lake and the potentials of the development of ecotourism in the area. Purposive sampling with snowballing method was used to find the informants. The techniques of SWOT, IEA, and QSPM were employed for strategic evaluations. Based on the results of external and internal factors, it was found that the most appropriate strategy for the development of ecotourism in the basin would be adaptive strategy. Among the identified strategies, the strategy of the formation of integrated management with the function of inter-province for the restoration of Urmia Lake was suggested as the most appropriate strategy for sustainable development of the ecotourism in basin.

, , ,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (2-2018)

The research instrument is questionnaire. This questionnaire is composed of 36 indicators in three categories of variables economy, culture and environment. To ensure validity, the questionnaire was placed at the disposal of experts to evaluate the reliability of the results was 903. Cronbach's alpha coefficient equal Data analysis have done by using SPSS and AMOS software. Single sample T-test has been used for examining the research hypotheses and Freedman test has been applied for ranking the effects of development of ecotourism. The results showed that between the economic, cultural, environmental, the most important dimension is economic, cultural and environment are in their next orders. According to the results of T-test, average number of respondents to the effect of tours on economic variable is significantly higher than the average number of this component. Hence, the hypothesis is confirmed and it can be inferred that ecotourism tours have affected economic of Damavand. In investigation of the effect of   social and cultural variables, the results of the test demonstrate effectiveness of ecotourism tours on the studied region and finally the results about environmental effects has confirmed this effectiveness.

Dr Hamdollah Sojasi Qeidari, Miss Hamideh Mahmoodi,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (8-2018)

The present study seeks to investigate the role of cultural-historical attractions of rural destinations in the development of cultural tourism in the rural areas. This is an applied research conducted in a descriptive-analytical method. Based on studies on two cities of Mashhad and Binalud, 14 rural areas with­ historical and cultural attractions were selected as the sample. Using Cochran's formula, the volume of tourists and the host community was determined 196 and 222 respectively. The scope of analysis in this study was "households". The data acquired from questionnaires were analyzed using the statistical analysis methods. The findings show that in these villages, attractions, facilities, services and cultural factors higher than the moderate level, can totally have a positive effect on socio-cultural, cultural-environmental development and development of cultural tourism in general. Besides, in ARAS model for socio-cultural dimension of cultural tourism, the village of Miami was on the top, and the village of Chahak was in the last place. Also according to the research findings, despite many problems in the study area, taking care of the facilities and rural infrastructure of the villages with tourist attractions and relevant advertisements in Mashhad ­can make way for growth of cultural tourism

Zahra Raisi Dehkordi, Sayed Naser Hejazi, Mohammadali Chitsaz,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (4-2020)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sustainable tourism development and improvement of social welfare indices based on structural equation analysis. Based on the new theoretical approaches, some hypotheses have been developed that this research is descriptive and correlational. The population of the study consisted of all the inhabitants of the villages of Koohrang city with 5 persons. Researcher-made questionnaires (using existing theoretical background) on tourism development, social welfare were used as research tools. Statistical analysis was performed based on structural equation using Spss and Amos software. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between tourism development and social, economic, legal, educational, demographic and social dimensions of social welfare. Also the regression values of the structural model indicate that the variable of rural tourism development among the social welfare dimensions has the most effect on the social dimension (ß=0.42) and then on the demographic dimension (ß=0.40) and economic dimension (ß=0.34) respectively.  legal dimension (V=0.28), biological dimension (ß=0.27) and least impact on educational welfare dimension (ß=0.24).
Mrs Elham Habibi, Dr Mohamad Sadegh Mahdavi, Dr Mostafa Azkia,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (12-2020)

Considering the necessity of women employment and the effective role of tourism in increasing job opportunities in this paper, we investigated the constraints provided by this job by using the experiences of women tour guide. The methodology in this study was qualitative and by using the Grounded Theory method. Data were collected by interviews and observations. Sampling method was targeted with maximum diversity (21 internal and international (input, output) women tour guides, single, married, single-parent, divorced in Tehran) with theoretical saturation criterion. The collected information was analyzed by coded interviews (open, axial and selective) and the collected concepts and categories. The most important category in this investigation was "constraint of tour leader's phenomenon for women” which covers other categories. The findings show that the gender constraints, gender constructs, low Job Status, Job instability, structural and normative pressure, were among the causes of the emergence of the phenomenon of constraints. And also, conditions such as family conflicts, multiplicity and conflict of role, redefinition of maternal and spousal roles, and the strengthening of male attributes can be among the consequences.
Dr Faezeh Asadian Ardakani, Dr Fatemeh Azizi, Dr Ali Akbar Farhangi,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (3-2021)

Tourism is the most important factor in generating wealth and employment in the world. Cultural tourism has been one of the main forms of tourism in Iran and developing countries. Cultural Tourism can open the new gates of knowledge, development and sustainability for communities.
The aim of this study is identify and assess the direct and indirect effects of each factor affecting the development of Cultural tourism. For this purpose, first with comprehensive review of the literature and opinions of experts in this field, factors affecting the Cultural tourism of Yazd Province identified and uses Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM).
According to the results, "Infrastructure, facilities and adequate Accommodation”, “Advertising Programs and information about cultural attractions” and “cultural expert guides” are the basic factor of Cultural tourism development in Yazd province that should be serious attention from Managers in this industry. The results of this study will help policy makers to choose the best path or developing Cultural tourism.

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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