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Showing 39 results for Development

, , ,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (8-2012)
Abstract

This research, with the aim of investigating the applied indicators of social
development, has studied the concept of social development at international and
national levels. Considering research purposes and questions, the research method is
descriptive and qualitative which has been carried out in two stages of library and
Delphi technique. The research sample size (Delphi method) consists of 30
academic experts and executive authorities in social development area, who have
been selected randomly. Finally, according to calculation of social indicators,
significance and priority in process of Delphi technique, the concept of social
development was defined and interpreted as the quality of social system through
institutionalization of development ethics, especially “ethics of social development”
in order to achieve “social solidarity (consensus)” and “social equality” for
promoting “life quality level” and enhancing the coefficient of “social security”. In
the end, social development was divided, based on scientific logic of indicatormaking,
into five-fold dimensions as well as sub-dimensions associated with it.
 


, ,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)
Abstract

In the Iranian traditional culture, women's employment is not considered as a necessary matter because men are responsible for supplying the economic needs of family. On the other hand women’s interests and capabilities do not limit to the domestic activities and they can act beyond their domestic roles and much of them are interested to participate in the socioeconomic activities. Recent researches show that for Iranian women the social and psychological profits of employment have been more important than economic autonomy which it brings. Hence in this research we have tried to recognize the different aspects of this issue using the knowledge and experiences of executive managers. We choose these managers from the organizations of Tehran city. The research data has been gathered by interview. The findings show that all the managers believe in the economic, social and psychological importance of women’s employment but women had more emphasis on the economic necessity and men had more emphasis on the social necessity of women’s employment. Moreover most of the managers believed that women's employment has both individual and socio economic benefits so we need to remove the structural and cultural obstacles of women’s employment and provide the appropriate conditions for their optimum employment.



, ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

Developmental projects in humanities and social sciences are based on fundamental concepts and their definitions. This paper tries to investigate and scrutinize the definition of “National Identity” among Iranian thinkers and intellectuals. The article studies the works and publishes of seven famous and contemporary thinkers around “national Identity” as the representatives of various majors of humanities and social sciences. The majors which are selected from are Sociology, Political Sciences, History, Persian Literature, Philosophy, and Geopolitics. In conclusion, the paper attains a collection of most accepted definitions of “National Identity”. There are ten more frequent and emphasized items in these definitions. The ten items are a: Homeland, b: Ethnicity and Nationality, c: Culture and rituals, d: Political and governmental system, e: History, f: Economic, g: Language, h: Art & Literature i: Religion and j: globalization.
, ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

Whenever development in spatial aspect could provide some certain guidelines for convenient and just satisfaction of service needs of residents, it could be a sustainable one. In this study, by recognizing the pattern of development spatial distribution in Khusetan cities, we try to find out whether they are in a sustainable path or not. The study is a practical one and based on a descriptive-analytical method. Our data have been gathered from Statistical Annual of Khusetan in 2011. The results suggest that development spatial distribution in Khusetan cities are not according to the goals and principles of sustainable development. All analyses show that development spatial distribution in the province is so unequal and completely against the spatial justice rendered by sustainable development. Inequality has been occurred in different levels Inequality between Ahvaz (center of province) and surrounding cities, between populous and thinly populated cities of the province, and inequality between northern and southern cities in one side and eastern and western ones in the other side. Besides, the current pattern of development in the province is against the wholistic view and systematic conduct of sustainable development in a way that sectional view of spatial development is so clear and evident.



, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

 In the first phase of the present article, through reviewing different definitions of the concept of social development, it is tried to identify the different aspects of this concept as well as achieve a comprehensive definition of the concept. In the next step, through identifying and examining multiple Indicators which are presented by various organizations for measuring this concept, we tried to recognize the most comprehensive index of social development which measures more dimensions of this complex concept. In the third phase, considering the selected index, in addition to reporting the current status of social development in Iran, we have compared the ranking status of this country with other countries. According to the obtained results, the present status of social development in Iran, in comparison with other countries of the world and also the 16 countries of the region, is not in so appropriate situation and needs a serious consideration around the reasons of this matter and the way of improving and changing it.
, ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

The main objective of this study is to determine social factors on social health.  This study has been conducted via survey and data collected by questionnaire. Questionnaire including three Sections: Personal information, social support and social health that were evaluated by Keyes social health questionnaire and Phillips social support questionnaire. Among the older people in Babol town, 374 elderly were selected through stratified random sampling

 

Overall, the findings indicate that there is a significant relationship between social support (friends, family and others) and social health. Among the types of social support, family support has the greatest impact on the health of elderly community. There is a significant relationship between age, marital status, gender, and social health. There is a significant difference between education and income.


,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (11-2013)
Abstract

This paper investigates and identifies the characteristics of the study in the development of the local press in Kashan.  It seems that development indexes have the most influential role in developing local press through the section of natural resources. The main assumption is that how much the development of indicators impact on the local press and has provided conditions for the trust in economic support and on the political and social support.

Using the two descriptive and inferential methods and through statistical analysis of the research questions the rejection or approval of hypotheses are discussed result of the study showed that the most important challenge for local press refers to the issue of human resources management issues that it is possible to categorize them as follow: 1. Developing human resources 2. Paying attention to issues and social subjects of the geographical regions that can insure press against having audience and therefore, to result in increasing the level of increasing economy. 3. Corporate bonds that are indexes in which can insure local press against lack of development and environmental problems, even domestic problems.


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

Rural development should be compatible with environmental conditions, social and cultural aspects of a society. Rural development is a step towards self-sufficiency to improve the rural community. Therefore it is necessary to pay attention to the domestic context. This paper is a fundamental study and library in order to introduce indigenous knowledge into a relevant context for rural development and localization and in this regard to consider indigenous knowledge and its characteristics such as holistic, cumulative, dynamic and intertwined with the culture of a nation and its practical application. Not only rural development adapt with local conditions, but also a community can achieve inner development. Villagers in the shadows of offering their knowledge and experiences can benefit from the comprehensive development. Besides it leading to empowerment of rural people rather than mere reliance on, they feel safe, effective, to be effective, worthwhile and having a choice is created.

 


Gholam Reza Pirouz, ,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

The rise of the constitutional movement (Mashrootiat) was an introduction to the changes in the traditional society of Iran. This movement (constitution) has led to social and cultural development since it required some orientations to make different groups of people – either intellectuals or illiterates– familiar with the political, social and cultural modernized waves. These orientations were provided through translating European books into Persian, Iranian people’s relationship with people from other countries, intellectual’s knowledge of science and culture, college students and industrial effects, renewal and modernizing the whole country. After the familiarization, there were developments in all aspects of an individual life. During this period, Iran’s literature accepted the cultural changes and developments due to the new ways of social and political activities in the country. In order to be in harmony and adopt these developments for achieving the public’s goal, there was a desire in literature for new method and style considered by the poets and writers. MirzadehEshqi is one of the most active poets and the most effective figure in the literature during the constitutional movement. He realized the need for the change more than others and revealed this important factor in his poems. MirzadehEshqi is a pioneer in applying a new style in Persian poetry while maintaining its origin. During the wave of asking for development and changes, MirzadehEshqi – in his short life – made some changes in the shape, language and content of the poem considered as a significant movement.
Mahdi Montazerolhodjah, Mojtaba Sharifnejad, Afshin Omidi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

Achieving the national and regional development is an ideal desire for any community. Regarding cultural effect on development, the emergence of potentials such as cultural skills and products can significantly improve the social welfare. The main aim of this article is to evaluate the cultural development (i.e., cultural indexes) of Yazd townships during a decade (from 2002 to 2011). This investigation can be considered as an applicable research type and as analytical-descriptive study from methodological viewpoint. To this end, necessary data were obtained from evidence records and library studies, in which a numerical taxonomy technique was used in order to analyze the data. Statistically, the research included 10 townships of Yazd province in 2002 and also 11 townships of this province in 2011 according to the last country political subdivisions and official divisions of province in that year. Based upon the findings of this article, the studies show that the townships of Ardekan, Bahabad respectively in 2002 and 2011 were known as the most prosperous townships, while the townships of Tabas and Yazd were known as the non-prosperous townships. The townships such as Khatam and Tabas were under cultural development level from 2002 to 2011 and they are among non-prosperous townships. The township of Yazd in 2011 due to the high population growth and mismatch Development of cultural indicators with population growth was known as the non-prosperous township. It is necessary for the authorities to consider planning as the central role of this township in Yazd province.
Masoud Hajizadeh, Hamed Sayarkhalaj, Kaveh Shokohifar,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

One of the social problems on Yazd is the environment and if this problem cannot be controlled, it becomes a crisis and decreases the outcomes of developmental benefits. This problem is mainly caused by industrial development, geographical, climatic conditions, and dehydration. This paper focuses on the socio-cultural namely cultural capital, religiosity, life style and mass media use with environmental behaviors among citizens in Yazd. This is survey research and the population consisted of citizen in Yazd for whom 384 individuals were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection technique was a questionnaire that has a suitable validity and reliability. The results showed that the environment factor was significantly related to cultural capital and lifestyle. There is a significant difference between men and women in environmental behaviors, too. However, age, marital status, mass media use, religiosity, education and environmental behaviors do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression analysis showed that the adjusted coefficient of determination for all the independent variables was equal to 0.278, meaning that all these variables could explain approximately 28 percent of the variation of the dependent variable (environmental factors).


, ,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Abstract

The current research is intended to study the relationship and impact of objective life quality on subjective life quality for the population of more than 15 years of age in Amol County. The required data was collected by using a survey method and questionnaire which were done on a statistical sample of 384 individuals. The descriptive findings indicated that two dimensions including the subjective and objective life qualities and their variables are lower than medium level in the county of Amol. This shows that the situation was not appropriate. The definitional findings showed that all of the hypotheses except the hypothesis for age were confirmed with a confidence level more than 99% and with an error level lower than 1%. The main variables were entered into the model for multiple regression analysis. The value of determination coefficient was 0/483. This indicated that the independent variables were defining 48/3% of the variance and changes in the dependent variables. The value is good. In order to measure the direct and indirect impacts of the independent variables on the dependent variables, the path analysis method was used. The results of the research revealed the importance of simultaneous study, relationship and the impact of the subjective and objective qualities of life instead of using the approaches individually.


Seyed Ali Hoseini, Ali Ahmadi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

Many studies have investigated the development issue but none focused on the economic development. The role of culture in development is proposed as one of the subjects connected to development as well.This studyis based on the Analytic-Applied research method and the numerical taxonomy usedTopsis models to analyze the results. The required data were collected using the filed study and reviewing the existing literature. Totally, 48 indices are considered to evaluate the cultural development coefficient in Hormozgan Province. The results indicate that Hormozgan is culturally underdeveloped.Based on the Topsis model, results show that the highest and lowest development coefficients are 0.54 (Abomosa) and 0.03(Khamir), respectively. Also, according to the cultural indices estimated by Numerical Taxonomy model, the highest and lowest development coefficient measured 0.66(Bandarabas) and 1.07(Khamir), respectively.Many studies have investigated the development issue but none focused on the economic development. The role of culture in development is proposed as one of the subjects connected to development as well.This studyis based on the Analytic-Applied research method and the numerical taxonomy usedTopsis models to analyze the results. The required data were collected using the filed study and reviewing the existing literature. Totally, 48 indices are considered to evaluate the cultural development coefficient in Hormozgan Province. The results indicate that Hormozgan is culturally underdeveloped.Based on the Topsis model, results show that the highest and lowest development coefficients are 0.54 (Abomosa) and 0.03(Khamir), respectively. Also, according to the cultural indices estimated by Numerical Taxonomy model, the highest and lowest development coefficient measured 0.66(Bandarabas) and 1.07(Khamir), respectively.


Vakil Heidari Sarban,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Some of researchers are believed that ICT plays important role on social development, rising of the decision-making of rural peoples, enforcement of social capital, decreasing of the effects of natural hazardous, empowerment of the rural poor peoples, promotion of the life quality and etc. the purpose of this paper is survey of ICT role on social development in the rural areas. This research from point view of purpose is developmental and from point view of identity is descriptive and from point view of type is analytical research. Target population in the study was the rural people of located in Meshkinshar County. The needed information by means of questionnaire was collected from rural people of settled in Meshkinshar County. Statistical society of research included all of rural that have had ICT office. In addition for determining sample size the rural peoples of settled in the rural areas of Meshkinshar county was used Cochran formula. Finally, the sample size of rural peoples 195 was determined. The tool of measurement was made researcher questionnaire. The content and face validity of the instrument was specified after several times review and correction by the faculty of members at university and several expertise of administrative offices. The reliability analysis was conducted and Cronbach’s alpha values for the various sections of instrument were estimated to be between 0.87 and 0.92. The results of research showed that there was a statistically significant positive relationship between social consolidation, satisfaction, social participation, employment, and responsibility, access to social services, life quality and enforcement of educational infrastructure and using of ICT services. Finally, based on the results analysis, some applied recommendations have been provided


, , Javad Aghamohammadi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Cultural development is the development of both disability and development, so that other aspects of the development of the field has emerged and is leading the way toward growth and perfection. The Islamic religious community and the cultural values ​​of the teachings of the divine nature constitute, religion and culture are closely interwoven and religion, the heart and pulse of culture and Muslim religious communities. In other words, Islam as a comprehensive religion and culture unit in particular, to respond to all human needs and their claims of life for all human beings. The aim of this study claims that utilizes the spiritual atmosphere and an insight into Islamic religious texts such as the Nahj and using strategic criteria and cultural components proposed by the High Council of Cultural Revolution, the theoretical study and the development of goals and indicators cultural excellence in the light of the words of Imam Ali (as) there. In the field of library and documentation based on, and inspired by the sermons, letters and sayings of Imam Ali (PBUH) remaining index of morality, rationality, justice, identity, capital and social order, unity and solidarity. , intellectual independence and national cultural goods and services, physical and mental health, international relations, human dignity and freedom and family explained, and it was obvious, with the flow of religious teachings in the Muslim culture, Islamic community certainly true glory to establish and to higher stages of development will achieve spiritual and material dimensions.


, ,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

The success of developmental interventions due to its complex and multidimensional nature and reaction of the people against its effects, in most cases require to pay attention about social background of that actions. Social impact assessment (SIA) can be called the management of developmental plans impacts to sustainability especially in the social dimensions and its purpose is a level of development that minimize the cost and maximize the benefits of planned interventions on human societies. Public participation has crucial role in SIA and show under what conditions people are ready to co-operation with developmental plans. So assessment requires to understanding of the views of people that affected by the developmental interventions and socioeconomic and political context of this interventions. This research meanwhile investigating the philosophy and theoretical foundations of SIA, has analyzed its role in development of social partnership and empowerment of people, using knowledge and information of all actors, dialogue, negotiation and transparency in project management and conflict management between stakeholders. The results show that this participatory approach try to create good interaction between the social system actors and increase their power to influence on the local and national relations in developmental programs that result of such area, is human and more sustainable development in society.


, , ,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

The aim of this study is to measure the bio-environmental effects on the development of mass-tourism Tameshkelvillage (Tonekabon) located on the north of Iran. This study measures the attitude of the host and guest community and the objective documents. The area of the present study covers 18 villages,2481 households, and 9024 people who live in Neshtai district in Tonekabon.The method used for this study is a survey with random sampling.More than 190 households lived in 9 sample villages and 180 tourists responsed to the questionnaires. The data were gathered and analyzed by parametric statistic tests. The results show that the development of tourism and the poor management in the local villages have negative effects onthe natural resources destruction, the misusage of farmland and gardens and the increase of environmental pollutions. The results also clear that based on the attitudes of host and the guest comunition and the objective documents and lack of effective programings caused negative results on the bio-environmental tourism in the area.


, ,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)
Abstract

Discourse evolution of foundations, variables and influencing factors in development have led to conceptual evolution in the relation between " communication and development" , So that itchr('39')s effects are also seen in development planning documents. Historical study of this evolution process in one hand, and recognition of both similarities and differences of important development plans on the other hand, present highlighting process of communication role in this field. Comparative study of communication in Sixth development plan(1355) that is the last development plan of prior regime and fourth development plan(1383) that is the first plan according to Iranchr('39')s 20-year outlook plan presents historical similarities and differences from development and communication concepts. Prior sixth plan has studied " "informational and communicational aspects of national development planning" on the base of "transition from a traditional society to an information society" in 1355 by the Joint Committee on Information and communication planning, and the fourth development planchr('39')s mission is defined "knowledge-based sustainable economic growth "Based on Iranchr('39')s 20-year outlook planchr('39')s goals. This paper describes and analyzes the concept of" communication "and" development" by content analysis of the theoretical documentations of tow plans (the report of planning Joint Committee of information and communication of sixth plan "(1355) and theoretical bases and documentation of fourth development plan "(1383) ) Based on this research, in sixth plan (1355), "national development" as developing aim and "transition from a traditional society to an information society" is problem of the country communication. These two concepts have been followed through Fourth plan (1383) with the goal of "sustainable economic growth" in development and "knowledge-based society" in communication.


, ,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)
Abstract

Educational and cultural services in different regions of Iran have been distributed unequally in such a way that Yazd province has the most and Sistan and Baluchistan province has the least amount of educational and cultural services in national level. Therefore, the present study has been conducted with this objective to identify factors affecting the development of mentioned services, determine the centralism levels of the provinces and predict factors affecting the improvement of the status quo. The method employed in this research is descriptive-analytical which was conducted using models of factor analysis, concentration coefficient, educational services and cultural development indicator (ECDI) and multivariate regression. The findings of the present study indicate that from 64 primary indicators, 49 selective indicators having reduced into 5 significant factors and in sum determine 65.48 percent of the population variance, are effective on the development of educational and cultural services of Iran. In terms of development of desired services, 9 provinces are located in supra-developmental levels, 10 provinces in upper semi-developed level, 4 provinces in lower semi-developed level and 7 provinces in lower-developed level. To reduces the imbalance and inequality among the regions, multivariate regression predicts the proportion of the factor "educational-administrative and student personnel" more than other factors.


Yaghoub Zarei,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (8-2016)
Abstract

This study was conducted with the aim of analysis and classification development of social services and  welfare in Counties of Khorasan Razavi province. This research is Basic and methods it has been used in the descriptive analysis. Statistical population Counteies of Khorasan Razavi Province and collecting method Information from the type of library entrance, and collected according to the research objectives of forms based on data tables and Statisticsin 2011, During which 19 files Welfare indicators extracted and slightly way by using Fuzzy Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solutionand was performed using SPSS software Level of development Counties of KhorasanRazavi province. The findings of this study describes unbalanced aspect of health field, Shows existence of a deep gap region in Khorasan Razavi province. So that the distribution and population access clients each County welfare services, Show that the only counties Gonabad, TorbatHeydarieh and Neyshabour have acceptable level of development and in other Counties ratio distribution facilities to distribution of the population covered it is unacceptable and deplorable. As far as that more than half of the Counties of Khorasan Razavi were subjected in the category of deprived areas in field of access to facilities and welfare services



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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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