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Showing 3 results for Ethnicity

Dr Zohreh Gharibian, Professor Abdolvahed Shemalov, Dr. Gholamreza Khoshfar,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)

With purpose of determining tendency difference towards national identity based on belonging to ethnic minorities, the research tries to answer following question: is national identity tends to be based on different ethnic groups? The research is a descriptive – survey research. Statistical population consists of all students studying in Azad and State Universities in center of Golestan Province. According to the latest statistics, their number was 83110 persons. Cochran formula was used to determine sample volume. After removing incomplete questionnaire, obtained data from 430 participants were analyzed. Under – studied statistical sample was selected using random stratified sampling method. Needed data was collected using researcher – made questionnaire. Validity of tools was measured using nominal validity method and its reliability was calculated using Cronbachchr('39') Alpha which consist of 785/0respectively. Data analysis was conducted in two inferential and descriptive levels. The results indicate that behavioral dimension of national identity in students is higher than other dimensions (cognitive and emotional dimensions), but average indicator indicate that totally studentschr('39') tendency towards national identity is in high level (4.118 of 5). Comparing ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity indicated that there is not a significant difference between ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity. Trivial differences show that Kurdish students have the maximum tendency, while Lor students have the minimum one, after Kurds, Turks and Turkmen. Persians are ranked in fifth rating and Sistanichr('39')s are placed close to Persians as a lingual group. Ranking studentschr('39') tendency in terms of study field indicated that there is a significant difference in this regard, so that the student studying in the fields of technical and engineering and then basic sciences have the maximum tendency, while the students in the fields of medical sciences and agricultural sciences are placed in last ratings.

Sajjad Moeinfar, Sajjad Moeinfar, , Parviz Alizadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (11-2017)

The aim of this research is Survey of the social factors influenced at the tendency of citizens to street violence (case study: the city of Urmia).In the present study, The most important applied theories include social disorganization theory of Shaw and McKay, Bandurachr('39')s social learning, Yuval Davis, Gessen (victimization), Durkheimchr('39')s anomie, social control Hirsch. The research methodology is a survey method. Urmia citizens’ are as statistical population of this research that 428 citizenship of them, selected as sample bye two steps clusters sampling . In order to collect data, researcher-made questionnaire have been used. The reliability of questionnaire has been estimated in selection as 0.85. And for the validity of construct validity was used. In order to analyze data Pearson correlation and step wise regression were applied . The main results include that there is a significant and direct and positive relation between street violence with Fading of religious beliefs, decline of morality in popular culture, Lack of ethics in relations between authorities, Lack of proper execution of laws by responsible organizations, Non-observance of traffic norms, Drawing attention, Victimization, Loss of social capital, ethnicity. Result of Stepwise regression analysis showed that citezens’  street violence is more under effect of Victimization.

Ali Moeinfar, Dr Rezaali Mohseni, Dr Majid Kaffashi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural and functional barriers to the implementation of citizenship rights in West Azerbaijan Province. The present study mainly uses the theories of Marshall, Faulks, Parsons, Giddens, and Castells.
This research is a descriptive survey which was carried out by cluster sampling and a researcher-made questionnaire on 384 citizens of West Azarbaijan province. To test the hypotheses, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, multiple regression analysis was used. The reliability of the questionnaire was based on Cronbachchr('39')s alpha (weakness in 0.826 citizenship enforcement) and construct validity and factor analysis technique were used for validity.
Analysis of the survey data showed that there is a direct and significant relationship between discrimination, incomplete socialization, kinship, manorialism, underdeveloped civil society, and weak and proper governance and weakness in the implementation of citizenship rights. The weaknesses in the implementation of citizenship rights are not different among the respondents based on their ethnicity. The results of concurrent regression show that 22.7% of the variance of the weaknesses in the implementation of citizenship rights is explained and predicted by independent variables. .

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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