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Volume 2, Issue 2 (11-2013)
The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate
the compliance status of the cultural identityof the members of the social
network Face book case study of Tehran University's undergraduate student majors.
This paper reviews the status of student commitment to social network facebook,
the facebook components and indicators of cultural identity. This paper
is exploratory and the results of a survey. The subjects of this study are
students of Tehran University undergraduate courses. The data collection
techniques used questionnaire and structuralism theories of Anthony Giddens and
Stuart Hall's Representation. The findings suggest that membership and
participation in the community of single women aged 20 to 22 years compared
with men in Face Book more. Sense of belonging to the Persian language، Friendship is based on values and norms,
Choose dress and makeup according to the values and norms، respect to different cultures and nationalities Notes and Comments
on Face book Students will adhere to the cultural identity of anecdote on Face
book On the other hand, students who disagreements with their religious norms -
National and tend to less their use of religious symbols and sayings، Interest in learning Linguistic terms
Common on Face book suggest a Cultural identity is a lack of to adhere to
students. Cultural identity indicates that the content of the benchmark to
evaluate students on Face book, change, comparison, and selection is located.
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Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
main objective of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting on
high school students' cultural deviance in Fereydunkenar City.
method employed in the present study is a cross-sectional survey research and
for collecting the data, a researcher-made questionnaire is used. The
population of the research consists of high school students of Fereydunkenar
City. The sample size was evaluated to be equal as 300 participants using
Cochran formula and the sampling was conducted using multi-stage cluster
sampling. The findings of the research indicate that using satellites and using
the Internet have positive and significant correlation with cultural deviance.
However, the correlation of the variables of bonding with family and bonding
with religion is negative and significant. The results of standard coefficients
in structural equations indicate that the variables of using satellites with
0.43, using the Internet with 0.26, bonding with family with -0.26 and bonding
with religion with -0.23 respectively have the most effects on the variable of
cultural deviance. In addition, the independent variables of the research
explain about 44 percents
of the variations of cultural deviance
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Volume 3, Issue 1 (8-2014)
The aim of the present paper is empirical and theoretical explanation of the relationship between the religious and self-actualization. This study is performed by survey method among students of Yazd University. Also according to Cochranchr('39')s formula, the sample is selected using stratified method equivalent 272 people. Based on the results, the degree of religiosity and self-actualization are more between women than men. In terms of statistical, religiosity has a positive and significant relationship with self-actualization. Also among dimensions of religious, the Outcome dimension has the strongest relationship with self-actualization. To explain the relationship between two variables, structural equation modeling (SEM) is used, that impact factor equivalent 0.21, indicates a positive relationship between these two variables
Hossein Masoudnia, Raziyeh Mehrabi Kooshki, Nahid Kiani,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Local and ethnical awareness has highly increased in the contemporary age. Especially, some people believe that factors such as globalization have intensified ethnical sentiments followed by weakening of national identity. On the contrary, some others believe that the increase of ethical tendencies is not in conflict with national identify of people and can be improved. Today, experimental examination of each of these viewpoints in the societies with various ethnics and languages is considered as a necessity because adopting identity-based policies in such societies and especially in Iran requires constant observation and monitoring of tendency level of active population and especially young individuals of the society in national and ethnical identity. The present research aims at examining the relationship between national and ethnical identities among Kurd, Turkish, Lor and Fars students at the University of Tehran in the academic year 2013-14 and their backgrounds were also considered. A surveying method was used to collect data extracted by distribution of a questionnaire among 294 samples and the data was then analyzed by SPS22 software. Findings indicate that despite common popular beliefs among some viewpoints, there is no contradictory relationship between national and ethnical identities. The findings of this research show that there is a positive and synergic relation between national and ethnical identities. Moreover, analysis of the effect of their background on national and ethnical identities indicate that gender, field of study and level of education are the most predictors of national identity and type of religion predicts the highest variance of national identity among students.
Akbar Aliverdinia, Maryam Sohrabi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
School Bullying is a complex, widespread issue involving students for years however this psychosocial phenomenon has gained attention among researchers from 1980s. Most of the researches on bullying are mainly done by psychological perspective, thus this study tries to highlight the social factors associated with bullying. Given the aim of the study, three of the most famous criminology theories: General theory of crime, Differential association theory and General strain theory (GST) were chosen as the theoretical framework and three types of bullying (verbal, physical & social) were considered. Based on the theories It has been hypothesized that there is a positive correlation between low self control and bullying, differential association and bullying and general strain and bullying. The population of the study consists of all the high school students from first to third grade in Sarichr('39')s urban area. A total of 410 persons were selected by stratified random sampling proportional to size. The results showed that 7.6 percent of the respondents never involved in bullying. 65.4 percent of students have bullying in low level, 22.2 percent in moderate and 4.9 percent of those in high extents. Also boys bully more than girls. Multiple regression analysis results also show that the variables low Self-control, differential association, and general strain are the strongest predictors of bullying.
Dr Zohreh Gharibian, Professor Abdolvahed Shemalov, Dr. Gholamreza Khoshfar,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
With purpose of determining tendency difference towards national identity based on belonging to ethnic minorities, the research tries to answer following question: is national identity tends to be based on different ethnic groups? The research is a descriptive – survey research. Statistical population consists of all students studying in Azad and State Universities in center of Golestan Province. According to the latest statistics, their number was 83110 persons. Cochran formula was used to determine sample volume. After removing incomplete questionnaire, obtained data from 430 participants were analyzed. Under – studied statistical sample was selected using random stratified sampling method. Needed data was collected using researcher – made questionnaire. Validity of tools was measured using nominal validity method and its reliability was calculated using Cronbachchr('39') Alpha which consist of 785/0respectively. Data analysis was conducted in two inferential and descriptive levels. The results indicate that behavioral dimension of national identity in students is higher than other dimensions (cognitive and emotional dimensions), but average indicator indicate that totally studentschr('39') tendency towards national identity is in high level (4.118 of 5). Comparing ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity indicated that there is not a significant difference between ethnic groups in terms of tendency to national identity. Trivial differences show that Kurdish students have the maximum tendency, while Lor students have the minimum one, after Kurds, Turks and Turkmen. Persians are ranked in fifth rating and Sistanichr('39')s are placed close to Persians as a lingual group. Ranking studentschr('39') tendency in terms of study field indicated that there is a significant difference in this regard, so that the student studying in the fields of technical and engineering and then basic sciences have the maximum tendency, while the students in the fields of medical sciences and agricultural sciences are placed in last ratings.
Hamid Rahimi, Asieh Mohammadian,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
The purpose of this research was to analyzesimple and multiple relationships between social capital and moral intelligence with the responsibility in students at University of Kashan. Research type was descriptive correlative. The statistical population consisted of 7132 students in Universities of Kashan in an academic year 2014-2015.Cocran Formula from the 2700 was used to choose 258 students through the stratified randomized sampling.The instrument used forgathering information were a moral intelligence questionnaire with 40 items in 3 component (honest, forgiveness & compassion), social capital questionnaire with 24 items in 4 components (social partnership, social integration, social belongings& social trust) and a responsibility questionnaire with 42 items in 5 components (self-management, trusteeship, dutiful, organizing & progressivism) based on 5 likert scales. The validity of Questionnaires was confirmed by experts. Through Cronbach alpha coefficient, reliability coefficients were obtained equal to 0.83 for moral intelligence, 0.87 for social capital and 0.91 for responsibility. Data analyses were used in level inferential statistics (correlation, t-test, regression) through SPSS and Amos software’s. Finding showed mean of moral intelligence, social capital and responsibility components are bigger than average (3). There are positive and significant relationship between all of components moral intelligence and social capital with responsibility.
Dr Mehraban Parsamehr, Mr Seyed Pouya Rasoulinejad,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
The present article aims theoretical and empiricalexplanation of the relationship between Religiosity and Sports participation. This research was done with a Survey and 380 students of Yazd University in 93-94 academic year were selected by method of harmonic proportion as participants according to Cochranformula. Exams of validity and stability were high. According to results of research, level of women religiosity was more than men, but men have had morepartnership in sports than women. There is a direct and meaningful relationship between religiosity and Sports participation and in between, the components of religiosity were considered thatdimension has the most powerful relationship with variable of Sports participation. According to regression results, five dimensions of religiosity totally explained 32%of changes of Sports participation.
Jahangir Jhangiri, Nasrin Mohammadi,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)
This study was conducted to evaluate the factors related to social courage. In the current study Durkheim’s and Latane and Darleychr('39')s theory had been used as the theoretical framework. The method used in this research was of a survey and questionnairs as a tool for data collection among a sample of 400 people of university students that choosed by stratified sampling method. The results showed that the social courage of % 40.2 of student was moderate to low,% 27 moderate to high, %17.8 low and only %12.5 had high social courage. Also, the results of regression analysis using stepwise method showed that the Political alienation, Religious – political voluntary groups, internal mass media and voluntary groups explain %18 of social courage changes.
Maryam Moosivand, Majid Hamidi Jahed, Pouria Ataei, Ali Safaei Shakib,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)
One of the main roles of universities is entrepreneurship culture development among students. Accordingly, the aim of this study was investigating influence of internal factors in university on the entrepreneurial culture development among agricultural students of Hamedan Universities. This descriptive research has done by survey method and questionnaire instrument. Research population were included agricultural students of Bu-Ali Sina, Payam Noor and Applied Science Universities (640 students) that selected 160 students as study sample based on Cochran formula. Findings showed that variable suitable creating conditions only have not significant effect among seven factors of internal factors in university. Also, creativity culture had the most impact on entrepreneurial culture. Also, conceptual model of study was good fitness. In finally, according to results, some recommendations have presented at the end of article.
Dr. Mousa Aazami, Dr. Karim Nadri Mahdei, Mrs. Leila Leila Zolikhaei Sayyar, Mr. Mehrdad Pouya,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (8-2018)
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of social capital on knowledge and experience sharing among female students of Nahavand unisex university using quantitative survey. The statistic population of the study consisted of all senior undergraduate students in four existing disciplines including agricultural extension education, industrial engineering, physical education, and medicinal plants disciplines (N=98). The standard scales of Nahapiet and Ghoshal (1998) accompanied by Putnam (2000), and the learning organization questionnaire of Watkins and Marsick’s (2003) were employed to assess the students’ social capital, and knowledge and experience sharing components, respectively. After re-validating research instrument by faculty members of agricultural extension and education department at Bu-Ali Sina University, its reliability was secured at 0.82 using the Cronbach’s alpha. The structural education modeling (SEM) and maximum likelihood method exposed the overt and covert variables’ interactions. Data indicated that the students’ social capital index was higher than average, while their knowledge sharing remained in a moderate level. Meanwhile, the SEM both confirmed the model and revealed that the social capital significantly and positively affected all components of the knowledge and experience sharing’s.
Dr Omid Ghaderzadeh, Mis Fateme Sharifi, Mis Elnaz Hasankhani,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (4-2019)
Political participation is the main component of political development and according to the fact that students are considered from political development agents and brokers, their interests are important . The present study dealt with how and why the political participation of students among the students of the Kurdistan University . In the theoretical section , based on the results obtained from the study of empirical sources and reviewing the empirical sources of an integrated conceptual framework , it has been formulated in the context of the underlying questions and key assumptions.Research has been conducted by means of the questionnaire using the questionnaire Descriptive descriptions of the study show that the degree of political involvement The students, among the dimensions of political participation , are more involved in low levels of political participation such as voting and participation in elections and a little percentage in political parties and contacts with officials .
Dr Zahra Rashidi, Dr Somayeh Fereidouni,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (8-2019)
The purpose of this study is to reflection the social agency of female students in the course of socio-cultural transformation in the society, was designed in the interpretiveism paradigm and qualitative approach using phenomenological method. The data collection tool was a deep, unstructured interview. Participants included 60 faculty members, Social activists, and female students from four provinces of Gilan, Qom, Kurdistan and Sistan and Baluchestan selected by targeted strategies and sample with maximum diversity. Data were analyzed based on a seven-step Colaizzichr('39')s strategy and the obtained classes. The findings show that although some contributors "the damage caused by womenchr('39')s academic education" in areas such as " Lack of work for men "," delayed marriage "," full-time female out-of-home employment "," increased moral scrutiny "and even" serious divorce ", but they still believe that changes in the field of women and social change It depends on the increase of womenchr('39')s social empowerment, the point Haye is turning to the consequences of increasing access to higher education in the country, "the transformation of beliefs," "the new style of life for women," "the erosion of gender stereotypes," "understanding the new identity for girls," and "increasing the sense of empowerment" of these transformations.
Mr Enayat Salariyan, Dr Seyyed Reza Salehiamiri, Dr Mohammad Soltanifar, Dr Abbasali Qayyumi, ,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (1-2020)
Advances in information technology have led to greater use by individuals as students have the best opportunity in school to learn science with their peers, so the education systemchr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))))s media literacy training for this group, especially courses Primary plays a special role in terms of effectiveness and institutionalization in society.
Thus, due to the importance of media literacy for children also due to the lack of research vacancy in this field, the topic of "Investigating how to teach media literacy to elementary students" was explored in this study.
The research method was qualitative research using content analysis technique and SWOT matrix data. The research findings showed how to teach media literacy to elementary students; For media literacy), the education system should also be identified using new educational methods, educational technologies, the use of social networks, the formation of workshops, the participation of students in discussion and discussion of media criticism and other factors identified. , The nature of media and the need for literacy learning Induce students with students