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Showing 16 results for Social Participation

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Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)

This paper investigates the social relationship and life quality. The paper analyzes a secondary data form a survey is conducted by Iranian Student’s Polling Agency, ISPA, about favorable or optimal life among University students. The sample is consisted of 20670 people in different parts of Tehran.

Results show 59 percent of respondents have average life quality and social capital and its dimensions social trust and social participation had the highest score among others. The levels of these three variables were different and significant in types of life quality.

After analysis of findings through calculation of path analysis coefficient, the results indicate that among variables influencing on the social capital, average life quality with 85 correlation co-efficiency, has the highest influence. Results indicate that average life quality increases solidarity and relation realm of individuals and it can result into the trust and finally, all these factors increase and reinforce social capital.

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Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)

In recent years, various organizations and companies have begun joining to the process of knowledge. Therefore, the organizations are expected to more rapidly create new knowledge (Knowledge Creation) and try to solve the problems and needs of society with their knowledge in any respect and become much more useful. Takeuchi and Nonaka offered a dynamic model of Knowledge Creation. Accordingly, organizational knowledge creation has been determined with socialization, externalization, compositions and internalization dimensions. "Knowledge Creation" is dependent on various reasons and factors such as social capital. Social capital includes the social participation which can accelerate the reproduction process of knowledge creation, because this is a society that lacks sufficient social capital and other assets are being wasted. Therefore, the issue of social capital as a guiding principle for achieving knowledge creation seems necessary. This study is a cross sectional survey using a stratified random sampling method. Statistical population of study includes the all employees in Power Management in East Azerbaijan from whom we choose 381 as samples of study. Results of this study indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between social capital and knowledge creation. Public participation, institutional trust and interpersonal trust variables have been able to explain 36% of variance in knowledge creation.
Karim Rezadoost, Alihosin Hossinzadeh, Ehsan Kohansal,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)

This research is about social consensus and the effective factors on it in Dehdasht (A city of kohkiloieh and Boier ahmad state). 389 Participants were 15 years old and older, used multistage cluster sampling method and a questionnaire as an instrument that was used for the data collection. The results have shown that social participation, specific social confidence, general social confidence, or social confidence generalized and social economic status have the direct and meaningful relation with dependent variable and so sense of anomie, fatalism, sense of comparative deprivation have the opposite and meaningful relation with the social consensus. Regeration analyses have shown interred variable in this investigation explain 37 per cent of dependent variable variance and here social participation plays the most role in variance explanation of the social consensus. Pass Analysis results have shown social-mental economic status and general social trust don’t have any effect on universalism explanations but have an indirect effect on universalism through deprivation sense and Social participation.
Yarmohammad Ghasemi, Behrooz Sepidnameh, Eshagh Gheisarian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)

The youth as the most important human capital, play a crucial role in development of every societies, and the social capital is considered as the most important issue in enhancing the youth's efficiency and improvement of their role in the enhancement of the community. The reduction in the social capital of the youth results in fading their role in the development of the society. Therefore, awareness about the amount of social capital of the youth could help the social programmers in reducing the drawbacks. The current paper aims to answer to this question focusing on the amount of social capital of the youth in Ilam province. The theoretical base of the paper includes the theories that express the social capital in 3 aspects of bonding, bridging and linking. The type of investigation method is functional description and the statistical data were collected by sampling from the statistical population of the youth of province via application of the volume proportional classified sampling. The findings of the research show that the average social capital of the youth in Ilam province is on the medium level. The averages of the social capital show no difference between the two genders. The maximum level of social capital was associated to political contribution and social Mediation, and the minimum was related to the amount of mass media application, :::::::union::::::: participation, and civil Intervention. The ranking of triple types of social capital according to the average obtained scores are: linking capital, bounding and bridging. The averages of each type of social capitals is on medium level. A significant difference was observed between the social capital of men and women, although the level of significance was indicative of a difference between the amount of social capital among men (2.88) and women (2.80) and the difference of the average was 0.85 for men, but this average difference is not too large. In other words, the difference between social capital of men and women is not considerable. The other hypothesis of the research focusing on the existence of a relationship between: habitat (city-village), marriage status, the level of education, employment condition, living of the parents, previous habitat and the history of residence in the neighborhood and the social capital were not confirmed.

Soheila Hashemi, Ameneh Hoseinzade, Mohammad Javade Mohmmadi Parsa,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)

The influence of mass media and the internet on human societies have changed in information societies. Nowadays, the internet is a vital part of the present generation life. Because of the youth and adolescents increasing interest to use this phenomenon in different domains (science, entertainment, commercial affairs and interpersonal relations), its impact on various aspects of their life are considered in this paper. By this technology, the educational system also, has been able to take effective steps towards educational purposes. However, there were watchfully considerations towards using the internet by teenagers. Based on this fact, present study was conducted to measure the impact of the internet on education social goals realization. Afterward, by stratified random sampling method, 362 students were selected among Gorgan female high school students. Subsequently, a researcher-made questionnaire was conducted to collect data. T-test and Pearson-test findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 18. The results demonstrated no significant relation or correlation between the use of the internet and the education social goals realization (three components family relationships, social participations, primacy of communal interests over individual interests).

ِdr Farhaf Nosrati Nejad, Mr Ayoub Sakhaei, Mr Hojat Sharifi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)

Abstract Problem Statement: Happiness is one of the major psychological needs of humankind and because of its significant influence on the life of humans, it has always drawn the attentions. Happiness is the primary material for transformation, revolution and evolution of human life and is subject to several social factors. Among the social factorsinfluencing the happiness levels of the youth, social capitaland its dimensions may be mentioned. Thus present paper seeks to study the relationship between social capital of the youth and their level of happiness. Methodology: present study used a survey technique and a random sample of 384 young people in the age range of 18-30 in Tehran city in 2014. Data collection instrument was a researcher-developed questionnaire which had face and construct validity (KMO = 0.81) and a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Findings of Pearson’s correlation test showed that there was a direct significant and positive relationship betweensocial capital andits dimensions and happiness level. The extent of social participation had the most strong relationship (r=0.548) with happiness followed by social trust(r =0.435) and social cohesion (r =0.331). Results: results of the present research suggested that social capital dimensions accounted for 25 percent of variance in happiness in a way that social participation and social cohesion respectively had themost and the least influence on happiness also amongbackground variables, age and marital status had significantrelationships with happiness.

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Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)

Under the influence of urbanization, socio-cultural and economic factors diversity change of the people lifestyle. Preferences of people demonstrated in leisure activities, clothing, nutrition, body management, architecture and interior layout is smart homes. This study aimed to examine social factors, cultural and economic impact on the lifestyle of the inhabitants of the villages has become a city in Khorasan Razavi Province khaf and Roshtkhar done. Theoretical research is based on theories of Ibn-Khaldun, Bourdieu, Giddens and Cheney have been developed. Survey and Data has built a questionnaire. The results show that lifestyle changes in Nashtifan and Salami influenced by cultural factors and economic factors have caused in Jangal. The test research hypotheses show that among participation of social, political and administrative organizations, ways and means of communication network, the spirit of individualism, identity and relationships, indirect and secondary classes as agents of social, cultural and educational facilities, media consumption and cultural capital as cultural factors, consumerism, shopping, tend to speculative interests, fading support joint economic prosperity as economic and lifestyle factors, there is a significant relationship.

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Volume 4, Issue 3 (2-2016)

Social trust, generalized trust, institutional trust, social participation, social-economic status

Shahram Mollania Jelodar, Seifollah Farzaneh, Seyedeh Moghadaseh Homayoni Baei,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2016)

Abstract: Introduction: Women are half of active population in every country. This half of population is not only objecting of any development but also is the effective leverage in advance of economic development goals. Goals: The goal of this research is to study of factors effecting on level of women social participation in Mazandaran province cooperative production in year of 1390. Research method: This research is study descriptive- analytical from cross- sectional. The study is survey and the theoretical framework of this research is Parsons' theory of social action. The research population is 1472 people from women who are selected and studied based on Cochran formula that the samples of the population are 305 and the members of the population are selected by simple random sampling. Findings: T he survey shows that there isn't any meaningful relationship between women's activism and their social participation, but there is meaningful relationship among generality, rationalization, evaluation of the benefits of participation, social trust , hope for the future, married and women's education with their social participation. Results: Results of findings of regression model shows that variables as education, social trust, hope for the future, generality have the highest effective on women's social participation in turn. The 8th independent variables can explain 0.42 percent of changes related to the dependent variable.

Mr Ali Nooralivand, Phd Amir Maleki, Phd Mehrban Parsamehr, Phd Hamid Ghasemi,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (2-2017)


The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between social capital and women’s participation in sport. The study was conducted using survey and the data were collected through questionnaires. The population consisted of women upper than 19 years of age and the sample consisted of 500 women. The sample was selected using multi-stage random cluster sampling. To analyze the data and to test the research model, the researchers used regression and SEM using Amos. The analyses of the data indicated that women in Ilam participate in professional sport (15%), regular sport (188%), health-oriented sport (17%), recreational sport (15.2%), and irregular exercises (8%). Additionally, 26% of women follow no sport activities. Furthermore, the results indicate that social participation (organizational membership and social network), and social trust (interpersonal, general, civil and institutional) can respectively explain .268 and .366 of the variance in sport participation. Together, they explain .59 of the variance in women’s sport participation.

Dr Asadollah Babaiefard,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (5-2017)

In this study, using the Network Analysis, the topic of Development and Underdevelopment in Iran, has been studied, with Historical-Experimental Approach and using Secondary Analysis of Empirical Findings. This study is based on analysis of some National Surveys, particular, a National Survey on Iranians Cultural Behaviors and two National Surveys on Iranians Values ​​and Attitudes, which have been conducted, respectively, in the years 1999, 2000 and 2003. Overall, our findings suggest that there are relationships between variables of Social Capital, Social Development. Our assumption in this study was that Lack of Social Capital has led to Lack of Social Development, and this phenomenon, in turn, can play an important role in Underdevelopment of Society. These findings suggest that in terms of some important elements of Social Development, such as Trust in Social Groups, Social Participation, Commitment to the Social Values ​​and Norms, Belonging to National Identity and Culture in Iranian Society, the situation is not desirable. In our opinion, the lack of Social Development would lead to Underdevelopment of Society. Consequently, if we want to achieve the goal of Comprehensive Development of Society, we should provide required backgrounds to increase the levels of Social Capital, and consequently, Social Development.

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Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2017)

The present study aimed to investigate the effective sociocultural factors on social participations of Bandar Abbas citizens. The population of the study consisted of all citizens of Bandar Abbas city who were 18 years old or older the total population included 400 people, who were interviewed by multi-level cluster sampling. The independent variables of the research included social trust, sense of social belonging, social responsibility, sense of powerlessness and individual factors social participation was considered as the dependent variable of the research and was assessed both objectively and subjectively. Finally, the results of the study revealed that there was a significant correlation between social trust, sense of social belonging, social responsibility, sense of powerlessness, age, education, job status and income, and social participation of Bandar Abbas citizens, with the significance level at 99% whereas, variables such as gender, marital status and being indigenous had no correlation with citizens' social participation. Besides, the respondents were objectively so ready for social participation, but subjectively, they showed a lower participation level. Therefore, generally, citizens of Bandar Abbas appeared to have a low level of social participation.
Miss Farahnaz Ahang, Dr Abdol Majid Imani, Dr Noor Mohammad Yaghoubi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (10-2020)

Given the importance of social participation and the use of community-based approach in the development of communities, the present study seeks to identify the key factors affecting social participation in community-based organizations of addiction prevention with a scriptwriting approach. Research is in an inductive deductive approach, both quantitatively and qualitatively, which is applied in terms of exploratory nature and purpose. The statistical population of both qualitative and quantitative stages were experts active in the field of community-based prevention of addiction, which was selected through snowball sampling. To collect data in the qualitative stage, library studies, valid research on the subject and interviews with research samples were used. In the quantitative stage, data were collected using two Mick Mac questionnaires and status analysis. In this study, to measure validity, while using face validity, triple interaction was used and the data were analyzed with the help of SPSS software, Mikmak and ScenarioWizard. According to the research findings, 9 factors were identified as key factors affecting social participation, 30 possible situations for 9 factors and two categories of promotional and preventive scenarios for social participation in community-based organizations of addiction prevention.
Mr Alireza Koul, The Doctor Alireza Esmaeili, The Doctor Rahmatollah Amirahmadi,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (8-2021)

The aim of the present study is to retrieve and analyze the meanings of the concept of the culture of apartment from the perspective of the residents of apartments. For this purpose, qualitative research method (descriptive-analytical) has been used. The study population is apartment residents in areas 2 and 9 in Mashhad. The sample size of the study is 21 apartment residents based on theoretical saturation, followed by purposive sampling. Research data collection tools, interviews and semi-structured interviews have been selected. Maxqda software has been used to analyze the data. The research data has been analyzed by thematic analysis. The findings of the present study show that the categories (constructive social relations, social trust, social participation, cultural diversity, new lifestyle), including indicators and criteria are defined by residents in the form of apartment culture and have the greatest impact on the behavior of individuals in collective living environments. As a result, if residents act in both functional and structural dimensions based on accepted Iranian-Islamic values and norms, the improvement of culture in collective life and institutionalizing it in the interactions of daily life to change behavioral habits of residents, will be provided. 

Mahdi Naghavi Alaei, Dr Mehri Bahar,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (12-2021)

The purpose of this article is to identify and describe the meaning of good in social studies textbooks of the first secondary school. The methodology of this article is based on the combined quantitative and qualitative approach. According to the obtained findings, it is determined that: 1- Good as public and social participation 2- Good as a transsexual matter 3- Good as a transhuman practice and collective conscience 4- Good as a governmental matter 5- Good as a religious and godly. Also, the findings in the research showed that, out of a total of 249 subjects related to the components of good in social studies books of the first secondary school, 175 (70.3%) were in text form, 5 (2%) were in image form and 69 items equal to (27.7%) are presented with text and image. And among 249 subjects related to the six components of good in the social studies textbooks of the first year according to the educational level, 84 cases are equal to (33.7 percent) related to the seventh grade, 96 cases are equal to (38.6 percent) related to the eighth grade and 69 cases equal to (27.7%) were related to the ninth grade.

Mohsen Safarian, Ali Moradi,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (1-2023)

This study examines the relationship between people's awareness of citizenship rights and their desire for social participation, with an emphasis on citizens over 21 years of age in Kermanshah. The method used in this research is quantitative approach and in terms of practical purpose, it is a description of the survey type. The studied population is the citizens over 21 years of age of Kermanshah city, which according to the extent of the statistical population; 400 people were selected using SPSS Sample Power software and studied by cluster random sampling method. The tool for collecting information from the respondents is a researcher-made questionnaire, which is obtained using construct validity. The reliability is obtained using Cronbach's alpha technique. The data has been later analyzed using SPSS statistical software.  The results show that the social participation rate of the respondents is 149.77 and the citizenship rights average is 80.53, which is compared to the expected citizenship rights average of 99. The correlation results show that there is a significant relationship between the level of awareness of citizenship rights in the dimension of civil rights, political rights, socio-economic dimension and group cultural rights with the desire for social participation. The results of the regression equation also show that the citizenship rights variable explains 0.31 of the changes in the dependent variable.

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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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