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Showing 59 results for Cultural

, , ,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2012)
Abstract

Although many experimental studies have confirmed the effect of family's cultural capital on educational achievement, evaluating the mechanism of its effect is controversial. The survey aimed at investigating the mechanism of evaluation quality into cultural capital impact on educational achievement. Using a survey method, this empirical study was conducted. In academic year 89-90, middle and high school students of Jovein Township were the population of the survey. By proportional stratified sampling, 369 students were selected as sample size. The results show that the parent’s cultural capital significantly affect the educational success of their children. However, the study findings did not significantly support the impact of evaluation causal mechanism on the children's educational success.

   


Majid Movahed, Rohollah Mozafari, Samane Alizadeh, ,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (2-2013)
Abstract

This paper studies the relationship between cultural capital and trust in foundations and organizations. Its method is quantitative and its technique is survey. The sample content includes 384 youths aged 14-29 in Shiraz who have been selected through Multi-stage stratified sampling. The Data collection tools include questionnaire, and data analysis has been undertaken via SPSS. Evaluating the validity and reliability of questionnaire has been performed through face validity and Kronbach’s Alpha coefficient.

And multi-variant regression has been used in the inferential statistics section. The results indicate that the two factors of watching satellite and television have entered the equation in all of the models, where watching satellite and watching TV lie in a negative and positive relation to the dependent variable respectively. Moreover, historical- religious and scientific aspects have entered the equation in most of the models where both of them have a positive relation to dependant variable. The individual’s education is also considered as a variant included in most of the models but with a negative relation to the dependant variable. 



, ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (8-2013)
Abstract

Assessment of cultural necessities as a major step toward cultural development planning, equanimity realization and improvement of social relations is taken into account. The method of the current study is surveying in which questionnaires are used for collecting needed information. In this survey, 720 above 15 years old peoples in Kashan are sampled according to the Cochran formula. Superficial credit, detecting factor analysis method and Kronbakh alpha factor are used for validating this survey. According to the measured detecting factor analysis, studied necessities were divided into four groups: cultural-social, scientific-instructional, religious and sportive-artificial. Maximum and minimum values belong to cultural-social necessities with 37.11% average and religious necessities with 15.01% respectively. The rest are in between. Average of cultural-social, scientific-instructional and religious necessities differ with the gender, as women necessities average is more than that of the men. Cultural-social and sportive-artificial necessities averages are different based on habitat, so those who live in villages have more necessities. There is no difference in the other necessities. Although no relation is seen between education and religious and sportive-artificial necessities, education has reverse relation with cultural-social and scientific-instructional necessities. Eventually, artificial-sportive necessities are only increased with increasing the age of people and there is no relation between the age of the people and the rest of the necessities.

Likewise, in prioritization of the studied patterns, family is the first, friends, teachers, instructors, clergy and Islamic characters are the second and the other characters (artificial, sportive, political, actors and foreign sportsman, classmates …) are the third priority according to the respondents’ opinions.


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (11-2013)
Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the compliance status of the cultural identityof the members of the social network Face book case study of Tehran University's undergraduate student majors. This paper reviews the status of student commitment to social network facebook, the facebook components and indicators of cultural identity. This paper is exploratory and the results of a survey. The subjects of this study are students of Tehran University undergraduate courses. The data collection techniques used questionnaire and structuralism theories of Anthony Giddens and Stuart Hall's Representation. The findings suggest that membership and participation in the community of single women aged 20 to 22 years compared with men in Face Book more. Sense of belonging to the Persian language، Friendship is based on values ​​and norms, Choose dress and makeup according to the values ​​and norms، respect to different cultures and nationalities Notes and Comments on Face book Students will adhere to the cultural identity of anecdote on Face book On the other hand, students who disagreements with their religious norms - National and tend to less their use of religious symbols and sayings، Interest in learning Linguistic terms Common on Face book suggest a Cultural identity is a lack of to adhere to students. Cultural identity indicates that the content of the benchmark to evaluate students on Face book, change, comparison, and selection is located.


, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
Abstract

The main objective of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting on high school students' cultural deviance in Fereydunkenar City.

The method employed in the present study is a cross-sectional survey research and for collecting the data, a researcher-made questionnaire is used. The population of the research consists of high school students of Fereydunkenar City. The sample size was evaluated to be equal as 300 participants using Cochran formula and the sampling was conducted using multi-stage cluster sampling. The findings of the research indicate that using satellites and using the Internet have positive and significant correlation with cultural deviance. However, the correlation of the variables of bonding with family and bonding with religion is negative and significant. The results of standard coefficients in structural equations indicate that the variables of using satellites with 0.43, using the Internet with 0.26, bonding with family with -0.26 and bonding with religion with -0.23 respectively have the most effects on the variable of cultural deviance. In addition, the independent variables of the research explain about 44 percents of the variations of cultural deviance
, ,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (2-2014)
Abstract

The present paper investigates the difference kind of cultural consumption among metropolitan, urban, and rural communities. Using the statistical data of a national survey, authors compare the cultural taste of people who live in the villages, cities, and metropolitans. In this regard, we consider the kind of cultural consumption in society with structural approaches and individualizing reasoning in order to get the results.

The study is based on consistency approach belongs to Piere Bourdieu, since that his theory due to stress on socializing special groups in lifetime and the effect of environment and family origin on people’s taste selections can explain the difference of cultural consumption pattern in above- mentioned three.

With regard to the findings and achieving to definite patterns, it cannot be said that cultural life style has been individualized in Iran society since that by individualization of a behavior in a scope, finding the pattern in that scope becomes difficult. Also the differences show that our society is not a mass one with a same culture. So Ulrich Beck theory and Frankfurt school view are not confirmed referring to the findings of this research. And According to Piere Bourdieu theory the life style, in our society, is still affected by society structures. 


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

During transition from a familiar environment to a strange environment, people would encounter with different challenges in an intercultural environment. They would realize the behavior patterns, attitudes and cultural values ​​which are acceptable in their own familiar environment, may not be accepted in other environments. In order to reduce the uncertainty caused by cultural differences, individuals should be aware of cultural diversity and should reinforce the ability to communicate with people from different cultures in their boost. These types of behaviors emanate from people’s cultural intelligence and can be an indicator for the ability to adapt to a new cultural environment.

The purpose of this study is to consider the role of cultural intelligence in cross-cultural adjustment and job performance in organizations. After reviewing the theoretical literature, the conceptual model is developed. Data is collected through questionnaires and based on the results of the data analysis, cultural intelligence, culture shock and cultural adjustment are presented as factors affecting performance in organizations. Finally, based on considering aspects of each concept, practical suggestions for improving performance in organizations are presented.


, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

Thisstudy investigatesthe impact ofthe Internet onMulticulturalIdentityamongUniversity Students. The main objectiveof thisresearch istheoretical and empiricalstudy ofthe relationship between theInternet andMulticulturalIdentity.In order toachieve this objective, Stuart Hall's theory about Media Communication andMulticulturalIdentityand Manuel Castells' theory about the Internet andNetworkSociety, are studied as Theoretical Framework of Research.The populationstudiedincludes the studentsof Kashan State University and Kashan Medical Sciences Universityin 2013-14 school year (Equivalent to 9540people), that amongthis population, using Cochran's formula, 380people are selected, as theSampleSize. The results of hypotheses tests of this study suggest that there is meaningful and directcorrelations between the variable of Multicultural Identity and the variables of Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet, Proficient inthe use ofinternet, The UseofInternet Scientific Sites,The Use ofInternetArtSites, Shopping Internet Cultural Goods and The Use ofVirtualSocial Networks. Also, the results of theRegression Analysis, shows direct impact of the variables of Social Virtual Networks, The Use ofInternetArtSites and Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet onthe variable of Multicultural Identity.


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

Thisstudy investigatesthe impact ofthe Internet onMulticulturalIdentityamongUniversity Students. The main objectiveof thisresearch istheoretical and empiricalstudy ofthe relationship between theInternet andMulticulturalIdentity.In order toachieve this objective, Stuart Hall's theory about Media Communication andMulticulturalIdentityand Manuel Castells' theory about the Internet andNetworkSociety, are studied as Theoretical Framework of Research.The populationstudiedincludes the studentsof Kashan State University and Kashan Medical Sciences Universityin 2013-14 school year (Equivalent to 9540people), that amongthis population, using Cochran's formula, 380people are selected, as theSampleSize. The results of hypotheses tests of this study suggest that there is meaningful and directcorrelations between the variable of Multicultural Identity and the variables of Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet, Proficient inthe use ofinternet, The UseofInternet Scientific Sites,The Use ofInternetArtSites, Shopping Internet Cultural Goods and The Use ofVirtualSocial Networks. Also, the results of theRegression Analysis, shows direct impact of the variables of Social Virtual Networks, The Use ofInternetArtSites and Duration andextent of use ofthe Internet onthe variable of Multicultural Identity.


, ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (5-2014)
Abstract

This paper has assessed socio - cultural impacts of urban park by regarding public spaces theory. Results of study  in Sharif and Roshd park users in 22 region, show that users viewpoints is in contract with the defined goals, functions and the outcomes for public spaces.

Unhappiness from “presence of others” - whit characteristics such as low Socio-economic status, different living place, younger and Abnormal social behaviors and …. - Shows that the social processes changes to social relationship conflicts instead of increasing social capital and solidarity. This paper is based on results of two social impact assessment studies in 22 regions. Data have been gathered by qualitative method upon deep interviews.

Results of theoretical analysis based on Pierre Bourdieu's theory of "distinction” explains that these issues are inevitable in Modern society, but socio – cultural impacts assessments researchers should be aware conflict accumulation may change these “distinction Stress” to social conflict and social resistance. Thereby it is necessary to explain contents of conflicts in park's sphere, determine the role of park in strengthening those conflicts and subjection socio- cultural framework for reduce them
, , ,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (8-2014)
Abstract

Nowadays the attitude from investment of physical capital has turned into the cultural capital that represents the non-economic forces such as the so-called cultural capital, family background, social class, varying investments and commitment to education, different resources, etc. Cultural capital as the cultural competence bases, trends and ideas that define the most important mechanism in the reproduction of social hierarchy is considered.

This study focuses on examining the impact of cultural capital and cultural capital on students' scientific study. Other goals include subjective aspects, objective and institutions. The study seeks to answer the question that how scientific and cultural capital affect students? The researchers sought to test the hypothesis that it is, is as follows: It seems that cultural capital through the mental aspects, objective and scientific institutions on students can be effective. The sample is 385 students from Tehran, allameh tabatabaee, beheshti and Azad universities.  Results show that Pearson correlation coefficient equal to 0/566 the objective by a factor of 0/477 and the institutional dimension by a factor of 0/525 has an effect on students' scientific production.


, ,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (8-2014)
Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare the intergenerational preferences in developed, developing and underdeveloped provinces of Iran. First, preferences into social, political, economic, cultural and environmental dimensions totally among generations are compared. Second, the system of preferences is compared in developed, developing and underdeveloped provinces. The method of the research is survey and its technique of data gathering is secondary analysis from 5th Wave data of World Values Survey (2005-2008). The findings show that the most gap among generations is seen in social preferences and the fewest gap among generations is seen in preferences environmental. The most gaps among generations is always seen into social, economic and cultural dimensions in developed provinces. In environmental preferences the fewest gap is seen among generations in developed, developing and underdeveloped provinces of Iran.
Gholam Reza Pirouz, ,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

The rise of the constitutional movement (Mashrootiat) was an introduction to the changes in the traditional society of Iran. This movement (constitution) has led to social and cultural development since it required some orientations to make different groups of people – either intellectuals or illiterates– familiar with the political, social and cultural modernized waves. These orientations were provided through translating European books into Persian, Iranian people’s relationship with people from other countries, intellectual’s knowledge of science and culture, college students and industrial effects, renewal and modernizing the whole country. After the familiarization, there were developments in all aspects of an individual life. During this period, Iran’s literature accepted the cultural changes and developments due to the new ways of social and political activities in the country. In order to be in harmony and adopt these developments for achieving the public’s goal, there was a desire in literature for new method and style considered by the poets and writers. MirzadehEshqi is one of the most active poets and the most effective figure in the literature during the constitutional movement. He realized the need for the change more than others and revealed this important factor in his poems. MirzadehEshqi is a pioneer in applying a new style in Persian poetry while maintaining its origin. During the wave of asking for development and changes, MirzadehEshqi – in his short life – made some changes in the shape, language and content of the poem considered as a significant movement.
Mahdi Montazerolhodjah, Mojtaba Sharifnejad, Afshin Omidi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (11-2014)
Abstract

Achieving the national and regional development is an ideal desire for any community. Regarding cultural effect on development, the emergence of potentials such as cultural skills and products can significantly improve the social welfare. The main aim of this article is to evaluate the cultural development (i.e., cultural indexes) of Yazd townships during a decade (from 2002 to 2011). This investigation can be considered as an applicable research type and as analytical-descriptive study from methodological viewpoint. To this end, necessary data were obtained from evidence records and library studies, in which a numerical taxonomy technique was used in order to analyze the data. Statistically, the research included 10 townships of Yazd province in 2002 and also 11 townships of this province in 2011 according to the last country political subdivisions and official divisions of province in that year. Based upon the findings of this article, the studies show that the townships of Ardekan, Bahabad respectively in 2002 and 2011 were known as the most prosperous townships, while the townships of Tabas and Yazd were known as the non-prosperous townships. The townships such as Khatam and Tabas were under cultural development level from 2002 to 2011 and they are among non-prosperous townships. The township of Yazd in 2011 due to the high population growth and mismatch Development of cultural indicators with population growth was known as the non-prosperous township. It is necessary for the authorities to consider planning as the central role of this township in Yazd province.
Masoud Hajizadeh, Hamed Sayarkhalaj, Kaveh Shokohifar,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

One of the social problems on Yazd is the environment and if this problem cannot be controlled, it becomes a crisis and decreases the outcomes of developmental benefits. This problem is mainly caused by industrial development, geographical, climatic conditions, and dehydration. This paper focuses on the socio-cultural namely cultural capital, religiosity, life style and mass media use with environmental behaviors among citizens in Yazd. This is survey research and the population consisted of citizen in Yazd for whom 384 individuals were selected through random cluster sampling. Data collection technique was a questionnaire that has a suitable validity and reliability. The results showed that the environment factor was significantly related to cultural capital and lifestyle. There is a significant difference between men and women in environmental behaviors, too. However, age, marital status, mass media use, religiosity, education and environmental behaviors do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression analysis showed that the adjusted coefficient of determination for all the independent variables was equal to 0.278, meaning that all these variables could explain approximately 28 percent of the variation of the dependent variable (environmental factors).


Mansour Saei, Ahmad Saei, Hayat Saei,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (2-2015)
Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the Factors influencing the social health of teachers (in primary, middle and high school) in Boukan city. According to "the Keyes model", we have measured the rate of social health of the 234 teachers in Boukan city. The results show that the mean of social health between teachers is 62.17 percent. The results also show that the social health among men is more than the social health among women. The results show that the mean of social health among those who have been homeowners is much more than those of tenants. The findings of the study show that with social class promotion, social health is severely diminished. Also, the results show that the more increasing the cultural capital, the better social health. The results indicate that increasing rate of religiosity the social health will also increase.


, , ,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (5-2015)
Abstract

Citizenship as a social phenomenon is a central component of modern democratic political systems and key indicators to demonstrate democracy in a modern society. Citizenship requires a sense of community membership. Cultural and social development and active citizenship require active citizens and active citizenship requires a sense of citizenship. Current study is an evaluation about the role of social capital and cultural capital in the sense of citizenship among people of Kashan. The sample size for this study was 318 citizens and for conducting a questionnaire -based survey method for assessing the validity Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. In this paper, four dimensions were considered for sense of citizenship, they are a sense of equality of opportunity , equality of distributive sense , sense of equality of participation, and a sense of social identity, Based on the results, sense of Kashanian citizensWith an average of 2/47 in the range of 1-4 is in average level. Social capital, including trust, integrity, collaboration and social knowledge with an average of 2/98 in the range of 1-5 and cultural capital with a moderate level of mental, physical and institutional, With an average of 1/88 in the range of 1-5 are also below average. Research findings show relationship between social capital, the sense of citizenship and cultural capital. This means that the greater degree of social capital and cultural capital among citizens would lead to more of a sense of citizenship.  


Seyed Ali Hoseini, Ali Ahmadi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (8-2015)
Abstract

Many studies have investigated the development issue but none focused on the economic development. The role of culture in development is proposed as one of the subjects connected to development as well.This studyis based on the Analytic-Applied research method and the numerical taxonomy usedTopsis models to analyze the results. The required data were collected using the filed study and reviewing the existing literature. Totally, 48 indices are considered to evaluate the cultural development coefficient in Hormozgan Province. The results indicate that Hormozgan is culturally underdeveloped.Based on the Topsis model, results show that the highest and lowest development coefficients are 0.54 (Abomosa) and 0.03(Khamir), respectively. Also, according to the cultural indices estimated by Numerical Taxonomy model, the highest and lowest development coefficient measured 0.66(Bandarabas) and 1.07(Khamir), respectively.Many studies have investigated the development issue but none focused on the economic development. The role of culture in development is proposed as one of the subjects connected to development as well.This studyis based on the Analytic-Applied research method and the numerical taxonomy usedTopsis models to analyze the results. The required data were collected using the filed study and reviewing the existing literature. Totally, 48 indices are considered to evaluate the cultural development coefficient in Hormozgan Province. The results indicate that Hormozgan is culturally underdeveloped.Based on the Topsis model, results show that the highest and lowest development coefficients are 0.54 (Abomosa) and 0.03(Khamir), respectively. Also, according to the cultural indices estimated by Numerical Taxonomy model, the highest and lowest development coefficient measured 0.66(Bandarabas) and 1.07(Khamir), respectively.


, , Javad Aghamohammadi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (11-2015)
Abstract

Cultural development is the development of both disability and development, so that other aspects of the development of the field has emerged and is leading the way toward growth and perfection. The Islamic religious community and the cultural values ​​of the teachings of the divine nature constitute, religion and culture are closely interwoven and religion, the heart and pulse of culture and Muslim religious communities. In other words, Islam as a comprehensive religion and culture unit in particular, to respond to all human needs and their claims of life for all human beings. The aim of this study claims that utilizes the spiritual atmosphere and an insight into Islamic religious texts such as the Nahj and using strategic criteria and cultural components proposed by the High Council of Cultural Revolution, the theoretical study and the development of goals and indicators cultural excellence in the light of the words of Imam Ali (as) there. In the field of library and documentation based on, and inspired by the sermons, letters and sayings of Imam Ali (PBUH) remaining index of morality, rationality, justice, identity, capital and social order, unity and solidarity. , intellectual independence and national cultural goods and services, physical and mental health, international relations, human dignity and freedom and family explained, and it was obvious, with the flow of religious teachings in the Muslim culture, Islamic community certainly true glory to establish and to higher stages of development will achieve spiritual and material dimensions.


Reza Dehbanipor, Yasin Khorampour,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (5-2016)
Abstract

Abstract:

Postmodernism is a new course that all components of modern and tradition also criticizes period. The virtual world is post-modern culture and media culture in this type of culture, cultural uncertainty disappears and media superficiality of thought is deeply social activists. Theories of postmodernism in the android market is growing strongly in our society. Yet empirical research was done in our community about postmodernism. The study of postmodern society that express the cultural elements of which experts are and which of these elements have penetrated into Iranian society. The research survey of 384 young people 29-16 years of Yazd examined. The survey instrument was a questionnaire and multi-stage cluster sampling was used. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between gender and post-modernism, post-modernism, even though some of the components of a meaningful relationship established with sex. There was no relationship between place of birth and post-modernism. The use of satellite and postmodernism, there was a positive and significant relationship. Variable use of satellites as well as 17% of the variance in the independent variable is explained.



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مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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