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:: Volume 9, Issue 3 (12-2020) ::
scds 2020, 9(3): 79-98 Back to browse issues page
Sociological Analyze of Women's Tour Guide Employment constraints on Tourism
Elham Habibi , Mohamad Sadegh Mahdavi , Mostafa Azkia
Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1795 Views)
Considering the necessity of women employment and the effective role of tourism in increasing job opportunities in this paper, we investigated the constraints provided by this job by using the experiences of women tour guide. The methodology in this study was qualitative and by using the Grounded Theory method. Data were collected by interviews and observations. Sampling method was targeted with maximum diversity (21 internal and international (input, output) women tour guides, single, married, single-parent, divorced in Tehran) with theoretical saturation criterion. The collected information was analyzed by coded interviews (open, axial and selective) and the collected concepts and categories. The most important category in this investigation was "constraint of tour leader's phenomenon for women” which covers other categories. The findings show that the gender constraints, gender constructs, low Job Status, Job instability, structural and normative pressure, were among the causes of the emergence of the phenomenon of constraints. And also, conditions such as family conflicts, multiplicity and conflict of role, redefinition of maternal and spousal roles, and the strengthening of male attributes can be among the consequences.
Keywords: Employment, constraints, Women Tour Guide, Tourism, Granddad Theory
Full-Text [PDF 462 kb]   (303 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/07/17 | Accepted: 2020/12/30 | Published: 2020/12/30
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habibi E, Mahdavi M S, azkia M. Sociological Analyze of Women's Tour Guide Employment constraints on Tourism. scds 2020; 9 (3) :79-98
URL: http://journals.sabz.ac.ir/scds/article-1-721-en.html


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Volume 9, Issue 3 (12-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی مطالعات توسعه اجتماعی فرهنگی Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies
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